Safety of Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients with Known HTLV-1 Infection: A Case Series of 4 Patients
Human T-cell lymphotrophic virus types 1 and 2 (HTLV-1/2) are delta retroviruses endemic to the Caribbean and Japan (Gessain et al., 2013). They are known to cause adult T-cell lymphoma-leukemia (ATLL) and tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV-1 associated myelopathy (HAM) (Mahieux et al., 2003). Given the link between immunosuppressive states and development of lymphoproliferative disorders, there is hesitation on the behalf of clinicians to offer stem cell transplantation to patients who test positive for HTLV-1/2 antibody. We reviewed four cases of patients who underwent autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) at our institution after having tested positive for HTLV-1/2 antibody (Table 1). The median patient age at the time of ASCT was 58 years (range, 51-60). Two patients tested positive for HTLV-1 antibody and two tested positive for HTLV-2 antibody. Two patients underwent ASCT for treatment of multiple myeloma, one for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and one for light chain amyloidosis (AL). The myeloma patients received standard induction therapy with cyclophosphamide, bortezomib, and dexamethasone (CyBorD) or lenalidomide, bortezomib, and dexamethasone (RVD). The DLBCL patient received rituximab, ifosfamide, carboplatin, and etoposide (R-ICE), while the AL patient underwent ASCT without induction. Three patients underwent conditioning with high-dose melphalan (200 mg/m2; HDM) and the lymphoma patient received carmustine, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide (BCV). M...
CONCLUSION: This study found that childhood cancer survivors in New Zealand had a high prevalence of developmental dental abnormalities and it identified potential risk factors related to their cancer treatment. Inequitable access to oral rehabilitation for this patient group argues for a mechanism for consistent improved access to publicly funded dental care across district health boards in New Zealand. PMID: 33032302 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Lee JY, Kim HJ, Kwon E, Choi JY, Oh HJ, Kim JS PMID: 33029984 [PubMed]
CONCLUSIONS: The SMs in PWIBDs and a craniotomy performed immediately before starting the process of determining brain death seem to be related to lengthening the TT-BD. PMID: 33029974 [PubMed]
CONCLUSION: DAAs are effective and safe in the treatment of recurrent HCV infection in LT recipients with history of HCC. Relapse to pre- and post-LT DAA therapy is associated with post-transplantation HCC recurrence. PMID: 33033569 [PubMed]
Authors: Singh G, Yoshida EM, Rathi S, Marquez V, Kim P, Erb SR, Salh BS Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. If diagnosed early, curative treatment options such as surgical resection, loco-regional therapies, and liver transplantation are available to patients, increasing their chances of survival and improving their quality of life. Unfortunately, most patients are diagnosed with late stage HCC where only palliative treatment is available. Therefore, biomarkers which could detect HCC early with a high degree of sensitivity and specificity, may play...
Authors: Arab JP, Dirchwolf M, Álvares-da-Silva MR, Barrera F, Benítez C, Castellanos-Fernandez M, Castro-Narro G, Chavez-Tapia N, Chiodi D, Cotrim H, Cusi K, de Oliveira CPMS, Díaz J, Fassio E, Gerona S, Girala M, Hernandez N, Marciano S, Masson W, Mendez-Sanchez N, Leite N, Lozano A, Padilla M, Panduro A, Paraná R, Parise E, Perez M, Poniachik J, Restrepo JC, Ruf A, Silva M, Tagle M, Tapias M, Torres K, Vilar-Gomez E, Costa Gil JE, Gadano A, Arrese M Abstract Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) currently represents an epidemic worldwide. NAFLD is the most frequently diagnosed chr...
This article reviews CTE disease based on its clinical and histological presentation, etiology and pathogenesis, and management and outcome. PMID: 33029133 [PubMed]
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell TherapyAuthor(s): Thejus T. Jayakrishnan, Veli Bakalov, Zena Chahine, John Lister, Rodney E. Wegner, Santhosh Sadashiv
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (English Edition)Author(s): Mateus Meira Vasconcelos, João Paulo Jordão Pontes, Alexandre de Menezes Rodrigues, Demócrito Ribeiro de Brito Neto, Rodrigo Rodrigues Alves, Fernando Cássio do Prado Silva, Denis Fabiano de Souza
Authors: Morimoto A, Fujioka Y, Ushiku T, Kurokawa M PMID: 33028779 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
More News: Amyloidosis | Bile Duct Cancer | Cholangiocarcinoma | Consultancies | Dexamethasone | Endemics | Japan Health | Leukemia | Liver | Liver Transplant | Lymphoma | Myeloma | Revlimid | Rituxan | Stem Cell Therapy | Stem Cells | T-cell Lymphoma | Transplant Surgery | Transplants | Urology & Nephrology | Velcade