Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Diagnosed during Pregnancy: Therapy, Outcomes and Follow-up

BackgroundChronic myeloid leukemia (CML) diagnosed during pregnancy is a rare situation with no standard treatment schemes. If a pregnancy is prolonged weighting the risks/benefits of therapy or observation without therapy is a complicated task. If a pregnancy is terminated a possibility of a further childbirth has to be judged. The course of the disease, treatment options and possible outcomes need to be known in these patients (pts) in the era of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs).Aim To describe pregnancy outcomes, therapy and follow-up in women with CML diagnosed during pregnancy in the era of TKIsMethodsWe made a search in the databases of pregnancy cases in CML pts after 2003 year, since the first TKI imatinib became available. The data were obtained from observational studies: CML pregnancy registries of Russian hematology society and ELN. Clinical and demographic characteristics of pts, therapy, monitoring, pregnancy outcomes and follow-up were analyzed.Results. We found that 48 of 199 women with CML and pregnancy were diagnosed as having CML during pregnancy in years 2006-2018. Median (Me) age at CML diagnosis was 26 years (range 19-39). All pts had a chronic phase of CML. Sokal score was low in 34(71%), intermediate in 9(19%) high in 4(8%) and not known in 1(2%) pt. CML was diagnosed during 1st, 2ndand 3rd trimester of pregnancy in 26(54%), 11(23%) and 11(23%) females, respectively.Elective abortion was done in 14 (29%) pts, 1(2%) pt had a miscarriage. All 15 pts sta...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 632. Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Therapy: Poster III Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part BAuthor(s): Jinsoo Lee, Seong-Jin Choi, Ji-Seong Jeong, Sang Yun Kim, Sang-Hyub Lee, Mi Jin Yang, Seung-Jin Lee, Young-Jun Shin, Kyuhong Lee, Eun Ju Jeong, Sang-Yoon Nam, Wook-Joon Yu
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Conclusions: This review results revealed a low utilization of postnatal care service. Antenatal care service utilization has a positive effect on postnatal care service utilization. Policymakers and programmers better considered more antenatal care service use as one strategy of enhancing the utilization of postnatal care service. PMID: 33029402 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research
Authors: Debelew GT Abstract Despite several efforts globally, the problem of perinatal mortality remained an unsolved agenda. As a result, it continued to be an essential part of the third sustainable development goals to end preventable child deaths by 2030. With a rate of 33 per 1000 births, Ethiopia has the highest level of perinatal mortality in the world. Thus, determining the magnitude and identifying the determinants are very crucial for evidence-based interventions. A community-based longitudinal study was conducted in Southwest Ethiopia among 3474 pregnant women to estimate the magnitude of perinatal mort...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research
This study was aimed at assessing the magnitude of induced abortion and associated factors among students in Hawassa University, southern region, Ethiopia, 2019. Methods: An institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted among a total of 422 students selected on the bases of a probability simple random sampling method. A pretested structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Analysis was made with SPSS 20. Descriptive summary and inferential statistics (binary logistic regression) were used with a 95% CI and P value of less than 5% as a level of significance. Findings were presented in tables, figure, an...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research
Conclusions: (1) Data at our center suggests at least a regional implementation gap in GBS screening and IAP. (2) The decline in the resistance rate ofE. coli for all antimicrobial substances might indicate that the reduction of prenatal antibiotics use is beneficial and that neonatal antibiotic stewardship programs should include pregnant women as well.What is Known:• GBS screening and intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis led to a 32%-reduction in GBS disease in Germany with a 0.75 (92:122) ratio of early-onset disease to late-onset disease in 2009–2010.• Prenatal antibiotic use might increase the risk of E....
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
In this study, we explored its health effects on the female offspring of mice that had been exposed during pregnancy. We found that exposure of pregnant mice to nitenpyram resulted in decreased levels of serum triglycerides, total cholesterol, and glucose in female offspring, and additional research uncovered gut microbiota disturbances, accompanied by abnormal fecal metabolic profiles. Based on Pearson correlation analysis, we found that decreased abundance of Lactobacillus may play the most critical role, and changes in gut bacterial purine metabolism, BCAAs metabolism, and the TCA cycle are all closely related to the ab...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The SMs in PWIBDs and a craniotomy performed immediately before starting the process of determining brain death seem to be related to lengthening the TT-BD. PMID: 33029974 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
Conclusion.Planned pregnancy might be pragmatic in female patients with CML on TKIs. Achieving deep molecular response and, importantly, MMR duration ≥3.5 years were significantly associated with maintaining MMR during pregnancy.Implications for Practice.Female patients with chronic myeloid leukemia on tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) wishing to conceive are currently advised to discontinue TKIs before conception. However, the ideal degree and duration of response before stopping TKI, in addition to whether there will be any adverse effect caused by a short exposure of TKI, is unknown. Data of 17 female patients, who a...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Leukemias, Hematologic Malignancies Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Planned pregnancy might be pragmatic in female patients with CML on TKIs. Achieving deep molecular response and, importantly, MMR duration ≥3.5 years were significantly associated with maintaining MMR during pregnancy. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Female patients with chronic myeloid leukemia on tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) wishing to conceive are currently advised to discontinue TKIs before conception. However, the ideal degree and duration of response before stopping TKI, in addition to whether there will be any adverse effect caused by a short exposure of TKI, is unknown. Data of 17 female patient...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncologist Source Type: research
Conclusions: Overall, a review of the available experience with bosutinib in pregnancy did not identify any safety signals. However, adverse effects of bosutinib exposure at conception or during pregnancy in humans cannot be ruled out, particularly if therapy is not interrupted upon recognition of pregnancy. Bosutinib is not recommended for use during pregnancy, and patients on bosutinib treatment should use effective contraception.DisclosuresCortes: Astellas Pharma: Consultancy, Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy, Research Funding; Daiichi Sankyo: Consultancy, Research Funding; Pfizer: Consultancy, Research Funding; ...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 632. Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Therapy: Poster I Source Type: research
More News: Bone Marrow Transplant | Boys | Children | Chronic Leukemia | Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia | Databases & Libraries | Girls | Gleevec | Grants | Hematology | Leukemia | Miscarriage | Nilotinib | Pfizer | Pharmaceuticals | Pregnancy | Russia Health | Study | Tasigna | Transplants | Women