Prevalence of healthcare-associated infections, estimated incidence and composite antimicrobial resistance index in acute care hospitals and long-term care facilities: results from two European point prevalence surveys, 2016 to 2017.

Prevalence of healthcare-associated infections, estimated incidence and composite antimicrobial resistance index in acute care hospitals and long-term care facilities: results from two European point prevalence surveys, 2016 to 2017. Euro Surveill. 2018 Nov;23(46): Authors: Suetens C, Latour K, Kärki T, Ricchizzi E, Kinross P, Moro ML, Jans B, Hopkins S, Hansen S, Lyytikäinen O, Reilly J, Deptula A, Zingg W, Plachouras D, Monnet DL, The Healthcare-Associated Infections Prevalence Study Group Abstract Point prevalence surveys of healthcare-associated infections (HAI) and antimicrobial use in the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA) from 2016 to 2017 included 310,755 patients from 1,209 acute care hospitals (ACH) in 28 countries and 117,138 residents from 2,221 long-term care facilities (LTCF) in 23 countries. After national validation, we estimated that 6.5% (cumulative 95% confidence interval (cCI): 5.4-7.8%) patients in ACH and 3.9% (95% cCI: 2.4-6.0%) residents in LTCF had at least one HAI (country-weighted prevalence). On any given day, 98,166 patients (95% cCI: 81,022-117,484) in ACH and 129,940 (95% cCI: 79,570-197,625) residents in LTCF had an HAI. HAI episodes per year were estimated at 8.9 million (95% cCI: 4.6-15.6 million), including 4.5 million (95% cCI: 2.6-7.6 million) in ACH and 4.4 million (95% cCI: 2.0-8.0 million) in LTCF; 3.8 million (95% cCI: 3.1-4.5 million) patients acquired an HAI each year in ACH. Antimicrob...
Source: Euro Surveill - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

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This study provides strong evidence that following a healthy lifestyle can substantially extend the years a person lives disease-free." Commentary on Recent Evidence for Cognitive Decline to Precede Amyloid Aggregation in Alzheimer's Disease https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/01/commentary-on-recent-evidence-for-cognitive-decline-to-precede-amyloid-aggregation-in-alzheimers-disease/ I can't say that I think the data presented in the research noted here merits quite the degree of the attention that it has been given in the popular science press. It is interesting, but not compelling if its role...
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ConclusionsST10 is considered as a high-risk clone worldwide. This type of mcr-1-harbouring clone is a major concern for human and animal health and must be under close surveillance. This study detected the presence of mcr-1 for the first time in Uruguay, albeit in an allodemic manner, associated with different antibiotic-resistance genes and from diverse clinical contexts. Considering that colistin is often the last therapeutic option available for multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli infections, it is important to maximise precautions to avoid dissemination of isolates carrying mcr-1.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
We describe Four Core Elements of Enhancing AMS Health Literacy in the Outpatient Setting, utilizing the Centers for Disease Control and Preve ntion’s framework: (1) leadership commitment, (2) intervention/action, (3) tracking/reporting, and (4) education/expertise. We call upon leaders in outpatient settings to embrace this approach to curb inappropriate antimicrobial use.
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DiscussionThis trial is expected to reveal whether SCT is non-inferior to conventional LCT or not, and may provide evidence that one can shorten the treatment duration for acute cholangitis for the benefit of patients.Trial registrationUniversity Hospital Medical Information Network,UMIN000028382. Registered on 30 August 2017.
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In this study, we aimed to identify the beta-lactam resistance phenotypes and genotypes of multidrug-resistant (MDR) non-repetitive GNP from 3 tertiary hospitals in Egypt. WZe studied 495 non-repetitive MDR Gram-negative isolates from patients with complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAI), complicated urinary tract infection (cUTI), and lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI), collected as part of the “Study for Monitoring Antimicrobial Resistance Trends” (SMART) conducted in 3 tertiary hospitals in Cairo, Egypt, from 2015 to 2016. Identification and susceptibility testing of GNP to antimicrobials were te...
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Conclusions: No significant difference in treatment outcomes was found between pediatric patients receiving AT and IAT for the treatment of UTI. In the era of increasing antimicrobial resistance, third-generation cephalosporins may still be a good choice as an empirical antimicrobial for children diagnosed with community-onset UTI.
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