Effectiveness of metacognitive interventions for mental disorders in adults - a systematic review and meta-analysis (METACOG).

Effectiveness of metacognitive interventions for mental disorders in adults - a systematic review and meta-analysis (METACOG). Clin Psychol Psychother. 2018 Nov 19;: Authors: Philipp R, Kriston L, Lanio J, Kühne F, Härter M, Moritz S, Meister R Abstract We evaluated the effectiveness and acceptability of metacognitive interventions for mental disorders. We searched electronic databases and included randomized and non-randomized controlled trials comparing metacognitive interventions with other treatments in adults with mental disorders. Primary effectiveness and acceptability outcomes were symptom severity and dropout, respectively. We performed random-effects meta-analyses. We identified Metacognitive Training (MCTrain), Metacognitive Therapy (MCTherap) and Metacognition Reflection and Insight Therapy (MERIT). We included 49 trials with 2,609 patients. In patients with schizophrenia, MCTrain was more effective than a psychological treatment (cognitive remediation, SMD=-0.39). It bordered significance when compared to standard or other psychological treatments. In a post hoc analysis, across all studies, the pooled effect was significant (SMD=-0.31). MCTrain was more effective than standard treatment in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (SMD=-0.40). MCTherap was more effective than a waitlist in patients with depression (SMD=-2.80), posttraumatic stress disorder (SMD=-2.36) and psychological treatments (cognitive behavioral) in patient...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

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The objective of this study was to evaluate the convergent and divergent validity of four diagnose categories generated by the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children - Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL). The diagnose categories were: anxiety, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). The K-SADS-PL was applied in a clinical sample of youth aged 7-17 years (N = 269), who were participants in the Nordic long-term OCD-treatment study (NordLOTS). Youth and parents completed measures to evaluate symptoms of anxiety...
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research
I have written before about atypical presentations of obsessive-compulsive disorder in children, where I discuss how the symptoms of OCD are sometimes confused with autism, schizophrenia, and even Bipolar Disorder. I’ve also written about how diagnosing these various conditions can be difficult, as symptoms of each one often overlap. Sometimes it is easy to forget that we are talking about a whole person’s state of being, not just a specific diagnosis. No doubt people have manifested symptoms of these various illnesses long before the disorders were differentiated by names. Still, a proper diagnosis is importa...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Autism Children and Teens OCD Research anxiety Autism Spectrum Compulsions Obsessions Source Type: blogs
 While depression is a common mental health issue, it’s not even close to being the most common. Listen in to hear our hosts discuss how loneliness can make a person feel unwanted and uncared for – even if they are standing in a crowded room.   SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW “People think you can’t be lonely if you have people in your vicinity.” – Gabe Howard   Highlights From ‘loneliness’ Episode [0:30] Loneliness kills more people than depression. [3:30] Michelle explains loneliness she has experienced. [5:20] Gabe explains loneliness he has experienced. [8:00...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: A Bipolar, A Schizophrenic, and a Podcast Communication Motivation and Inspiration Schizophrenia Source Type: blogs
Does Marijuana Use Cause Schizophrenia? (The New York Times): “… The concern is focused largely on the link between heavy usage and psychosis in young people. Doctors first suspected a link some 70 years ago, and the evidence has only accumulated since then. In a forthcoming book, “Tell Your Children,” Alex Berenson, a former Times reporter, argues that legalization is putting a generation at higher risk of schizophrenia and other psychotic syndromes. Critics, including leading researchers, have called the argument overblown, and unfaithful to the science… The debate centers on the di...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness cannabis drugs marijuana psychosis schizophrenia Source Type: blogs
 The transition from youth to adult is a difficult one for most people, filled with unexpected events and changes that we are ill-prepared for. Many find themselves seriously lacking not only the life skills needed, but also the psychological and emotional tools that would make this huge change easier. Our guest this week explains how we can use mindfulness to develop these tools and make adulting much less intimidating. Subscribe to Our Show! And Remember to Review Us! About Our Guest Lara Fielding is a clinical psychologist in Los Angeles, and an adjunct professor at Pepperdine Graduate School of Ed...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: General Mindfulness Students The Psych Central Show Adulthood adulting Gabe Howard Transition Vincent M. Wales Source Type: blogs
In this study, we investigated the effects of two novel smartphone interventions on cognitive flexibility and OCD symptoms in healthy individuals with OCD-like contamination fears. In the first intervention, participants watched a brief video recording of themselves engaging in handwashing on a smartphone, four times a day, for a total of one week (N=?31). The second intervention was similar except that participants watched themselves repeatedly touching a disgust-inducing object (N=?31). In a third (control) “intervention”, participants watched themselves performing sequential hand movements (N=?31). As hypoth...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Technology app Brain-Training brain-training-app cognitive-flexibility handwashing obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD smartphone Source Type: blogs
What is a Co-Occuring disorder? The coexistence of both a mental health disorder and a substance abuse use disorder is referred to as a co-occurring disorder. Any combination of mental health and addiction can be referred to as having a co-occuring disorder. The combinations can be seemingly endless, and can even include more than one of either a mental disorder or an addiction. Combinations may include depression and alcoholism, anorexia and cocaine addiction, bipolar disorder and heroin addiction and the list goes on. Surprisingly, as many as 6 in 10 substance abusers also have at least one other mental disorder. There i...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Addiction Recovery Addiction Treatment and Program Resources ADHD Alcohol Alcohol Rehab Information Alcoholism Anxiety Behavioral Addictions Depression Depression Treatment Drinking Drug Treatment Dual Diagnosis and Eat Source Type: blogs
Omega-3 fatty acids are found primarily in fish oil and certain marine algae. Because depression appears less common in nations where people eat large amounts of fish, scientists have investigated whether fish oils may prevent and/or treat depression and other mood disorders. Two omega-3 fatty acids — eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) — are thought to have the most potential to benefit people with mood disorders. How might omega-3s improve depression? Different mechanisms of action have been proposed. For example, omega-3s can easily travel through the brain cell membrane and interact w...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Depression Behavioral Health Drugs and Supplements Mental Health Source Type: blogs
Authors: Barzman DH, Jackson H, Singh U, Griffey M, Sorter M, Bernstein JA Abstract Here we report a case of a 15-year-old female who had originally been diagnosed and treated unsuccessfully for schizophrenia, psychosis, severe anxiety, and depression. More in-depth history revealed an abrupt onset of her symptoms with remote acute infections and many exhibited characteristics of obsessive compulsive disorder with rituals. Work-up for underlying infectious, immunodeficiency, and autoimmune causes was unrevealing except for very high levels of anti-neuronal antibodies which have been linked to Pediatric Acute-onset ...
Source: Case Reports in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Case Rep Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2018Source: Computers in Human Behavior, Volume 87Author(s): Minna Lyons, Nazli Deniz Aksayli, Gayle BrewerAbstractOnline peer support groups have become a popular arena for interacting with others who experience similar types of distress. Previous studies have identified distinctive linguistic patterns displayed by those experiencing a wide range of physical or mental health difficulties, especially in terms of increased use of first-person singular pronouns and negative words. We used the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count program (LIWC) in comparing the linguistic content of individuals in onlin...
Source: Computers in Human Behavior - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
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