The incidence of acute respiratory viral infections and pneumonia in the Central administrative district of Moscow.

The Objective: To assess the seasonal incidence rate (IR) and mortality rate (MR) because of acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI) and pneumonia (P) in the population of Moscow.The Methods: We used the data on IR and MR of the population because of infectious and parasitic diseases (IPD) (A00-V99 ICD-10), ARVI (J00-02.8-9; J03-J06; J20-J22 ICD-10), P (J12-J16, J18 MCD-10) of the official statistical forms 1, 2, 5, medical death certificates (MDC) of patients from hospitals, microbiology assays nasopharyngeal swabs identifying RNA of influenza virus A(H1N1)09, A(H3N2) and B; bacteriological examinations of sputum.Results: IR of IPD of the population declined in 2016 compared to 2012 (-21,0%), including ARVI (-19,0%). IR of influenza increased (+24,8%) in 2016 vs 2015, which might be related to the epidemic of the influenza virus circulation and improving laboratory diagnostics of the disease. The relative risk (RR) P increased in 2016 vs 2012 in children (1,36; 95%CI 1,30-1,43; p
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research

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