Romanian awareness and screenings for Obstructive Airway disease - World Asthma and COPD Day 2017

Conclusions: Disease severity: 73.7%(479) had at least 1 exacerbation/year, 28.2% received antibiotic treatment, 7% presented to the emergency room, 2.7% required hospitalization. The main reason behind screening spirometry is to provide the millions of people with the right treatment and spread awareness about it.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Monitoring Airway Disease Source Type: research

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Beate Ritz Acetaminophen is the most common over-the-counter pain and fever medication used by pregnant women. While European studies suggest acetaminophen exposure in pregnancy could affect childhood asthma development, findings are less consistent in other populations. We evaluated whether maternal prenatal acetaminophen use is associated with childhood asthmatic symptoms (asthma diagnosis, wheeze, dry cough) in a Los Angeles cohort of 1201 singleton births. We estimated risk ratio (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for childhood asthmatic outcomes according to prenatal acetaminophen exposure. Effect modificati...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
A dry cough, sniffles and a headache. Burning muscle pain. And everything you eat tastes like dust. It's a list of symptoms the British public have become all too familiar with - classic Covid. Or is it?
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Brain Behav Immun. 2021 Sep 22:S0889-1591(21)00553-5. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2021.09.009. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTInflammation is increasingly recognised to play a major role in gene-environment interactions in neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs). The effects of aberrant immune responses to environmental stimuli in the mother and in the child can affect neuroimmune signalling that is central to brain development. Toll-like receptors (TLR) are the best known innate immune pattern and danger recognition sensors to various environmental threats. In animal models, maternal immune activation (MIA), secondary to inflammatory f...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Chronic cough is a cough that has lasted for at least 8 weeks. Chronic cough can come from smoking-related lung diseases (eg, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema, lung cancer), upper airway cough syndrome, asthma, gastroesophageal reflux disease, bronchitis, immunodeficiencies, or repeated exposure to inflammation in the body. Initial imaging is done to determine the cause of this persistent cough and provide the correct treatment.
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Appropriate Use Criteria Source Type: research
Conclusion: The prevalence estimates of respiratory outcomes obtained from WSAS in 2016 did not differ between survey responders and non-responders, although chronic bronchitis was overestimated. Young adults, males, and smokers were less likely to respond to the survey.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Rationale: Upper and lower airways are considered a unified functional unit in the field of bronchial asthma. Presence of upper and lower respiratory symptoms in a cohort of COPD patients is discussed.Methods: The presence of upper (SNOT-22 questionnaire), and lower (mMRC scale, CAT questionnaire) respiratory symptoms were assessed in a group of non-mild COPD subjects from Czech Multicentre Research Database of COPD over the course of three years. Patients were stratified according to the GOLD guidelines, predefined clinical phenotypes (one patient = one phenotype), and basic treatable traits (one or more for each patient)...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Monitoring airway disease Source Type: research
Smoke-measuring smart shirts, breath sound analyzing algorithms, and smart inhalers pave the way of pulmonology and respiratory care into the future. As the number of patients suffering from asthma, COPD, or lung cancer due to rising air pollution and steady smoker-levels will unfortunately not decrease any time soon, we looked around what technology can do to help both patients and caregivers. The results are breathtaking. Attacks of breathlessness are too common The diseases which pulmonologists and respiratory care specialists attempt to fight are among the most common conditions in the modern world – and t...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Artificial Intelligence Future of Medicine Health Sensors & Trackers AI asthma cancer cancer treatment care COPD diagnostics inhaler lung lung cancer management medical specialty pulmonology respiratory respiratory care Source Type: blogs
We describe the overdiagnosis and the prevalence of spirometrically defined false positive COPD, as well as their relationship with overtreatment across 23 population samples in 20 countries participating in the BOLD Study between 2003-2012. METHODS: A false positive diagnosis of COPD was considered when participants reported a doctor's diagnosis of COPD, but post-bronchodilator spirometry was unobstructed (FEV1/FVC>LLN). Additional analyses were performed using the fixed ratio criterion (FEV1/FVC
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
Conclusions: In our sample, concordance between the CP and the GP's diagnosis was 70.5%. But 21.9% (196/897) symptomatic pts were not referred to PU. 18% of obstructed pts were unaware of their condition. Early diagnosis of COPD by GP seems feasible but perfectible. Further patients' and GP' education on respiratory diseases and symptoms seems necessary.Bibliography: Protocol for Assessment of Burden of Major Respiratory Diseases at the PHC Level.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: 6.1 Epidemiology Source Type: research
Semin Respir Crit Care Med 2015; 36: 470-477DOI: 10.1055/s-0035-1555608Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is a rare genetic disease that creates multiple unique phenotypes of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. While bronchospasm, cough, dyspnea, and sputum production all occur with AATD, the phenotypic differences require a computed tomographic (CT) scan to decipher. The availability of augmentation therapy in the United States since 1989 has generated both controversy and evidence that informs the science of usual chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Because of the predominance of emphysema in AATD, much o...
Source: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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