Noninvasive ventilation compared to Albuterol in respiratory mechanics and lung function of asthmatics after bronchoprovocation. Randomized cross-over trial.

Conclusion: the NIV has bronchodilator effect and may recovery the IC besides to retrieve the baseline minute volume faster although the effects on lung function are more modest.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Noninvasive Ventilatory Support Source Type: research

Related Links:

ConclusionsPercent-predicted FEV1 and FVC values for normal children with a T1–T12 height of 22 cm at skeletal maturity were 
Source: Spine Deformity - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 November 2019Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Marcello Cottini, Anita Licini, Carlo Lombardi, Alvise BertiAbstractBackgroundThe involvement of small airways has recently gained greater recognition in asthma. Impulse oscillometry (IOS) is a simple and noninvasive method based on the forced oscillation technique, for the detection of small airway dysfunction (SAD).ObjectiveWe aimed to identify the predictors of SAD in an unselected sample of 400 patients with physician-diagnosed asthma.MethodsAll patients underwent standard spirometry and IOS ...
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
ConclusionsPotentially inappropriate ICS use is common among patients with and without airflow obstruction who are diagnosed with COPD. We identified patient comorbidities and patterns of healthcare utilization that increase the likelihood of ICS use that could be targeted for system-level de-implementation interventions.
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 November 2019Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): David Langton, Wei Wang, Joy Sha, Alvin Ing, David Fielding, Nicole Hersch, Virginia Plummer, Francis ThienAbstractBackgroundWhilst it is established that not all patients respond to bronchial thermoplasty (BT), the factors that predict response/non-response are largely unknown.ObjectivesThe aim of this study was to identify baseline factors that predict clinical response.MethodsThe records of 77 consecutive patients entered into the Australian Bronchial Thermoplasty Register were examined for bas...
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Cough variant asthma (CVA) is a type of asthma in which the main symptom is a dry, non-productive chronic cough (CC) in the absence of wheezing or shortness of breath (Corrao WM. Allergy Asthma Proc. 2018; 39: 466). The condition is frequently underdiagnosed, since baseline spirometric values are usually normal. Since airway inflammation is the basis of CVA, fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) is often used for patient evaluation but is still open to question. We aimed to explore the value of FeNO measurements in diagnosing patients with CC suspected to have CVA.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
While it is typical practice for the FEV1 to be optimized prior to aspirin desensitization, it is not entirely clear if other spirometry measures relate to aspirin desensitization outcome.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to investigate patterns of reference range use and the impact of a male vs. female reference population on TGNB individuals ’ PFT results.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Asthma, Other Lower Airway Disorders Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: While there is ongoing debate about the impact of early postnatal exposure to antibiotics on the development of asthma, the possibility that antibiotic exposure may impair lung function has not previously been examined. Furthermore, it is not clear if specific types of antibiotics may have a greater effect, or if children with genetic mutations in the oxidative stress response glutathione S-transferase (GST) superfamily may be at greater risk. METHODS: We collected parent-report of childhood antibiotic use from birth to 2 years, including type and indication, from a birth-cohort of 620 in...
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
nani Roberto Bono Risk monitoring in childhood is useful to estimate harmful health effects at later stages of life. Thus, here we have assessed the effects of tobacco smoke exposure and environmental pollution on the respiratory health of Italian children and adolescents using spirometry and the forced oscillation technique (FOT). For this purpose, we recruited 188 students aged 6–19 years living in Chivasso, Italy, and collected from them the following data: (1) one filled out questionnaire; (2) two respiratory measurements (i.e., spirometry and FOT); and (3) two urine tests for Cotinine (Cot) and 15-F2t-...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Authors: Paraskevaidou K, Porpodis K, Kontakiotis T, Kioumis I, Spyratos D, Papakosta D Abstract Objective: The detection of asthma and rhinitis in furniture workers exposed to chemicals in the area of Thessaloniki Greece and the determination of the most useful tests for diagnosing the above occupational diseases. Methods: Eighty-three workers (76 men), 35 exposed to chemicals (CW), 23 to wood dust (WW), and 25 office workers (OW), serving as controls, filled in a specialized European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) questionnaire for asthma and were submitted to clinical evaluation, spirometry, broncho...
Source: Journal of Asthma - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research
More News: Albuterol | Asthma | Opthalmology | Proair HFA | Respiratory Medicine | Spirometry | Ventolin | Women