Psychiatric Pathology and non-invasive ventilation

Objective: to evaluate the incidence of psychiatric pathology (PP) in home-ventilated patients.Methodology: observational retrospective study in which a database of home-ventilated patients (Jan 12-Oct 17) was evaluated.Results: n: 326 patients(50.9% men). The indications for NIV were COPD (44.2%), obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS)(35.3%), restrictive pathology(12.6 %), sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSA)(4.6%) and heart failure refractory to treatment(3.3%). The compliance was 7.4±2.9 hours/day. 21.8% patients presented a diagnosis of PP(19 depression, 10 anxiety, 15 mixed anxiety-depressive disorder, 12 substance abuse disorder, 4 schizophrenia, 3 bipolar disorder, 4 personality disorders, 3 phobias, 1 delirious ideas). There were no significant differences (p 0.06) in the prevalence of PP by sex(17.5% men vs. 26.3% women). The psychiatric treatment was recorded by reviewing the data from the electronic prescribing program (benzodiazepines(BZD), antidepressants(AD), antipsychotics(AP).22.5% of the patients with diagnosis did not take any drug and that 37.3% of the undiagnosed patients, despite this, took at least one treatment. 17.8% were in treatment with BZD, 6.4% with AD, 1.5% AP and 3.1% with another type of psychiatric drugs. 16.9% were treated with at least 2 drugs and 34.3% were daily BZD users. Patients were divided into 2 depending on compliance: compliant(ratio≥4 hours: psychiatric 89.8% vs non-psychiatric 87.1%) and non-compliant(ratio
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Noninvasive Ventilatory Support Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: Catalysis TodayAuthor(s): Thi Phuong Thao Nguyen, Ki Hyuck Yang, Moon Hyeon Kim, Yong Seok HongAbstractFe2O3-promoted V2O5-WO3/TiO2 catalysts with high Fe2O3-to-V2O5 ratios (3.4 – 6) have been prepared for the selective reduction of NO with NH3 (NH3-SCR) and extensively characterized using various spectroscopic measurements. No crystalline iron oxides were indicated even for 8% Fe2O3-promoted V2O5-WO3/TiO2 but distorted α-Fe2O3 crystallites were observed in a XRD pattern for 7.04% Fe2O3-promoted WO3/TiO2. Both Raman and XPS measurements suggest the form...
Source: Catalysis Today - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: MethodsXAuthor(s): Luis O. Soto-Rojas, Cecilia Bañuelos, Linda Garces-Ramirez, Claudia Luna-Herrera, Yazmin M. Flores-Martínez, Guadalupe Soto-Rodríguez, Bismark Gatica-García, Francisco E. López-Salas, José Ayala-Dávila, María E. Gutiérrez-Castillo, América Padilla-Viveros, Fidel de la Cruz-López, Irma A. Martínez-Davila, Daniel Martinez-FongAbstractAn animal model, suitable for resembling Parkinson's disease (PD) progress, should show both, motor and non-motor alterations. However...
Source: MethodsX - Category: Science Source Type: research
ABSTRACT: Introduction: In high-income countries, persons of high socioeconomic status (SES) have a lower cardiovascular risk. However, in middle and low-income countries, the results are controversial. Objective: To evaluate the association between family income and cardiovascular risk factors in young adults. Methods: A total of 2,063 individuals of a birth cohort initiated in 1978/79 in the city of Ribeir ão Preto, Brazil, were evaluated at age of 23/25 years. Cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, high low-density lipoprotein (LDL)...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Age group, sex, household per capita income, and body mass index status were associated with SSB intake.RESUMO: Introdu ção: A ingestão de bebidas açucaradas varia de acordo com as características da população. Objetivos: Investigar o consumo de bebidas açucaradas e os fatores demográficos, socioeconômicos e de estilo de vida associados ao seu consumo em adolescentes, adultos e idosos residentes em São Paulo. Métodos: Foram utilizados dados do Inquérito de Saúde de São Paulo, estudo transversal de base popula...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Molecular Genetics and MetabolismAuthor(s): Gabriella A. Horvath, Robert M. Stowe, Carlos R. Ferreira, Nenad BlauAbstractPsychiatric symptoms are common manifestations in many inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs), ranging from attention deficit, anxiety and mood and behavioral disorders to psychosis. Furthermore, IEMs represent a significant percentage of all autism cases. We reviewed and updated the list of metabolic disorders known to be associated with various psychiatric manifestations and found more than 100 relevant IEMs. This represents the third of a series o...
Source: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: The question of whether there is daytime time variation in diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) has not been clearly answered. Moreover, it is unclear whether a potential diurnal variation in DIT is preserved during hypocaloric nutrition. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that DIT varies depending on the time of day and explored whether this physiological regulation is preserved after low-calorie compared with high-calorie intake. DESIGN: Under blinded conditions, 16 normal-weight men twice underwent a 3-day in-laboratory, randomized, crossover study. Volunteers consumed a predetermined low-cal...
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
ConclusionCaffeine is an effective countermeasure to driver sleepiness, however, high caffeine consumers do not exhibit any benefit to driving safety indicators. In fact, there is some evidence for safety concern because high caffeine consumers self-report more crashes and worse driving safety indicators than low caffeine consumers. High caffeine consumption was associated with poor health behaviours. Further research is needed to fully understand the implications of high caffeine use. Interventions aiming to reduce truck driver sleepiness should be cautious in promotion of caffeine in isolation; a wholistic approach to im...
Source: Safety Science - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
We report outcomes of our initial experience with LP in 38 children from 2 months of age. Materials and Methods From June 2015 to December 2017 38 children aged 2-60 months (mean age 1.7 years) underwent LP for correction of PUJ obstruction. The mean pre operative anteroposterior diameter of the renal pelvis (APD) was 43,5mm and all patients had hydronephrosis (APD 21.4-76 mm) and obstructed curve on diuretic renogram. Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty was the performed technique. Results are reported. Results Mean operative time was 107 minutes (70-180) with no conversion to open procedure. Pain control was needed mainly in the ...
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Recent evidence indicates that reactivated memories are malleable and can integrate new information upon their reactivation. We injected rats with oxytocin to investigate whether the delivery of a drug which dampens anxiety and fear before the reactivation...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Adolescents with diabetes are at increased risk for depression and anxiety, which when untreated negatively affects diabetes control. During a 6-month period, the Patient Health Questionnaire for Depression and Anxiety (PHQ-4) screening tool was utilized. ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
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