In Memoriam: Dr. Ting-Kai Li, former NIAAA Director

With deep  sadness, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) community mourns the passing of Ting-Kai Li, M.D., a renowned scientist who served as the Institute's director from 2002 to 2008.   Dr. Li died on November 18, 2018, at Duke University Hospital in Durham, North Carolina. 
Source: NIAAA News - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: news

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AbstractThe possibility that alcohol consumption should be considered as a “protective factor” for Parkinson’s disease (PD) has been suggested by several case–control studies. However, other case–control studies and data from prospective longitudinal cohort studies have been inconclusive. We carried out a systematic review which included all the eligible studies published on PD risk related with alcohol consumption, and conducted a meta-analysis according to the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The systematic review was performed using two...
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionConsidering patients with chronic subdural hematomas our study demonstrated that the significant variables predicting outcome are chronic subdural hematomas occurring secondary to an overdraining ventriculo-peritoneal shunt, a history of seizures, and a low level of consciousness measured by either the Markwalder or the Glasgow Coma Score. Interestingly all of these variables are determined prior to the patient arriving at hospital. Our study highlights the need for early presentation prior to clinical deterioration as the major determinant of outcome.
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2019Source: Food Research International, Volume 125Author(s): Cristiano Soleo Funari, Adam T. Sutton, Renato Lajarim Carneiro, Karina Fraige, Alberto José Cavalheiro, Vanderlan da Silva Bolzani, Emily F. Hilder, R. Dario ArruaAbstractEthanolic extracts of propolis are consumed for their health benefits even though direct consumption of alcoholic extracts is not always ideal. Natural Deep Eutectic Solvents (NADES) can potentially extract similar compounds as alcoholic extracts while being better for direct consumption. Therefore, in this work alternative solvents for the extraction of green...
Source: Food Research International - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 July 2019Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Yanping Xian, Yuluan Wu, Hao Dong, Ming Liang, Bin Wang, Li Wang, Weidong Bai, Xiaofang Zeng, Min Qian, Xiaojuan ZhaoAbstractEthyl carbamate (EC) and N-nitrosoamines (NAs) are toxic contaminants which can be typically formed in fermented alcoholic beverages. In the present work, a novel approach for simultaneous analysis of EC and NAs in beer and yellow rice wine based on ice-bath assisted sodium hydroxide purification and GC-MS/MS was firstly established. Samples were extracted with acetonitrile-ethyl acetate after addition of internal st...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
This study tried to explore the effects of dietary alcoholic extract of lotus leaf (AELL) addition on the growth performance and health status of grass carp by feeding juvenile fish (average weight: 34 ± 1 g) with four different experimental diets: control, AELL7, AELL14 and AELL21 for 8 weeks. At the end of the growth trial, the highest values of final body weight (FBW), weight gain rate (WGR), specific growth rate (SGR) and feed intake (FI) all occurred in group AELL14 (P 
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 October 2019Source: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, Volume 297Author(s): Jinlan Yang, Zheng Li, Qiong JiaAbstractThe visual detection of water in organic solvents by ratiometric fluorescence probes has attracted much attention because they can reduce environmental interference and differentiate color readily. Herein, a fast, convenient, and low-cost method of detecting water was developed based on a ratiometric fluorescence probe composed of fluorescent Cu nanoclusters (CuNCs) and carbon dots (CDs). CuNCs with solvent-dependent effects have different responses to water in various solvents while CDs...
Source: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2019Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 57, Issue 2Author(s): Gretchen E. White, Christina Mair, Gale A. Richardson, Anita P. Courcoulas, Wendy C. KingIntroductionPast research examining the relationship between alcohol use and weight status has not differentiated among classes of obesity. There is limited research investigating whether adults trying to lose weight consume less alcohol.MethodsIn 2018–2019, the authors analyzed 2011–2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data for nonpregnant adults aged ≥20 years with BMI ≥18.5 kg/m2. Multinomial ...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
AbstractIndividuals with a previous cancer diagnosis are at risk of cancer recurrence. However, many cancer survivors do not adhere to lifestyle recommendations to reduce cancer risk. Little is known about the extent to which cancer patients are asked about lifestyle risk factors by healthcare providers following diagnosis. The aim of this study is to determine among Australian cancer survivors the (1) proportion asked about smoking, alcohol consumption, nutrition and physical activity; (2) total number of lifestyle risk factors asked about; and (3) factors associated with being asked about fewer risk factors. A cross-sect...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study used prospectively collected data from a state-wide quality collaborative. The presence of AUD was determined using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test for Consumption (AUDIT-C), with a score  ≥ 4 in men and ≥ 3 in women suggestive of AUD. We used bivariate Chi-square tests for categorical variables and independent samplest tests for continuous variables. We used multivariable logistic regression to identify patient characteristics that may predispose patients to development of AUD at 1 and 2  years after surgery.ResultsThe overall prevalence of AUD in our population (n&...
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
When using drugs or alcohol, you may start to find that you need to keep using more to get high than you did when you first started. When a couple of glasses of wine used to get you plenty drunk, you’re finding that you need a full bottle or even more. This is called building tolerance and can cause some damaging effects to the body, including leading to addiction and death. Using More to Get High: Building Tolerance According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, tolerance occurs when the person no longer responds to the drug in the way that person initially responded. Stated another way, it takes a higher dose ...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Addiction Recovery Alcohol Alcoholism Drug Treatment Substance Abuse alcohol addiction alcohol dependence alcohol dependency alcohol detox alcohol disorder drug addiction drug addiction recovery drug addiction treatment Source Type: blogs
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