Non-pharmacological interventions for agitation/aggressive behaviour in patients with dementia: a randomized controlled crossover trial.

Non-pharmacological interventions for agitation/aggressive behaviour in patients with dementia: a randomized controlled crossover trial. Funct Neurol. 2018 Jul/Sept;33(3):143-147 Authors: Dimitriou TD, Verykouki E, Papatriantafyllou J, Konsta A, Kazis D, Tsolaki M Abstract Agitation/aggressive behaviour is a common behavioural and psychological symptom in people with dementia (PwD), occurring with a frequency of between 13-50.4% according to recent studies, and the rate increases as the severity of cognitive decline increases. The burden on caregivers is considerable. This trial is a randomized controlled crossover trial conducted in Greece. The following measures were used: the Mini-Mental State Examination, Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination Revised, Geriatric Depression Scale, Functional Rating Scale for Symptoms in Dementia and Neuropsychiatric Inventory. According to the results the most effective nonpharmacological intervention for reducing agitation/aggressive behaviour in PwD was music therapy, followed by aromatherapy and massage, and finally physical exercise. PMID: 30457967 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Functional Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: Funct Neurol Source Type: research

Related Links:

This study aimed to clarify the seasonal variation effects on tot...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news
In conclusion, both cases—those suffering from depression and those having suffered from it before—experience cognitive impairment. The degree of cognitive function being impaired is greater in the case of depression-onset than that of depression-remission. Age, stimulating activities, and chronic conditions are also strongly relevant to cognitive decline accompanied by changes in depressive state.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Depression symptoms in dementia caregivers (dCGs) increase the major depressive disorder risk.1 While the neurobiology of depression in dCGs has only indirectly been examined,2,3 numerous studies have examined the brain structural correlates of depression in older adults (without regard to caregiving). Patients with depression differ in several aspects of white matter connectivity4 potentially partially due to cerebrovascular disease.5 Meta-analytic6 evidence demonstrates that people with affective disorders tend to have lower white matter integrity in frontolimbic, frontostriatal, and medial temporal networks.
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research
Abstract Dementia is one of the most costly, disabling diseases associated with ageing, yet it remains underdiagnosed in primary care. In this article, we present the comprehensive approach illustrated with a classical case for diagnosing dementia which can be applied by healthcare professionals in primary care. This diagnostic approach includes history taking and physical examination, cognitive testing, informant interviews, neuropsychological testing, neuroimaging, and the utility of cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers. For the differential diagnosis of cognitive impairment, the differences and similarities among nor...
Source: Hong Kong Med J - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Hong Kong Med J Source Type: research
Drinking alcohol causes damage to your health in both the short term and long term, even for moderate drinkers. For individuals who suffer from addiction to alcohol and frequently drink in excess, these risks become higher. Knowing the risks of drinking alcohol is important to help avoid drinking to excess and reduce the likelihood of these risks. Short-Term Risks of Drinking Alcohol There are many short-term risks that occur when drinking alcohol. These risks can happen to anyone, including individuals suffering from alcohol use disorder, or individuals who are drinking for the very first time. Injuries When you drink al...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcoholism alcohol abuse alcohol dependence alcohol dependency alcohol detox alcohol treatment alcohol treatment center alcohol treatment facility alcohol use risks Source Type: blogs
__________ Just a heads-up about a great event later this week in Dublin, Ireland, for those working on virtual and augmented reality and healthcare innovation. When: Thu Dec 5, 2019 8:00 am — Fri Dec 6, 2019 5:00 pm. Where: Davenport Hotel Featured sessions include: Day 1 – Thursday, December 5th, 2019 9:00am‑9:30am Introductions, Welcome and Setting The Stage Robert Fine, Executive Director, International Virtual Reality and Healthcare Association (IVRHA) 9:30am-10:30am Keynote Presentation:  Virtual Reality and Healthcare: The Past, The Present and The Future Dr. Walter Gree...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Health & Wellness Technology augmented reality Dublin healthcare healthcare innovation virtual-reality Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: Severity of depressive episode was not influenced by sociodemographic variables. Sex and educational level had a significant impact on symptom profiles. PMID: 31791131 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Aging and Mental Health - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research
In this study, we found supplements with individual doses of piracetam exceeding 1500 mg, and daily doses greater than 11000 mg. Adverse effects of piracetam at pharmaceutical dosages include anxiety, insomnia, agitation, depression, drowsiness, and weight gain. The risks of piracetam in over-the-counter supplements at supratherapeutic dosages, particularly in elderly consumers with renal insufficiency, are unknown … Our findings demonstrate that even after the FDA rejected an application to market piracetam as a new supplement ingredient, the drug was nevertheless introduced into the marketplace. Despite FDA warnin...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning age brain fog brain-boosting brain-boosting supplements cognitive--disorders cognitive-enhancement dementia dietary supplements FDA kidney function piracetam Source Type: blogs
Authors: Foyet HS, Keugong Wado E, Ngatanko Abaissou HH, Assongalem EA, Eyong OK Abstract Ziziphus mucronata Willd, also known as "buffalo thorn," belongs to the family Rhamnaceae. Its bark and leaves are used in folk medicine for the treatment of various deficiencies related to nociception, inflammation, mood, and depression. Still, there is a lack of scientific data regarding its potential effect on learning and memory process. The present study was designed to investigate the neuroprotective potential of Ziziphus mucronata (ZM) on learning and memory impairment in a scopolamine-induced model of dementi...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
This week’s Psychology Around the Net addresses how to handle that dreadful job interview anxiety, why stress is necessary for a rich life, dealing with the holiday blues, why depression hits men harder than women in deprived areas, and more.       A Psychologist’s Guide to Managing Your Anxiety Before, During, and Even After a Job Interview: It’s normal to struggle with anxiety right before a job interview or when starting a new job. But how do you turn down the jitters volume so you can give your best performance? Dr. Sherry Benton, founder and chief science officer of Tao Connect, ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Aging Anxiety and Panic Depression Disorders Family General Happiness Holiday Coping LifeHelper Men's Issues Mental Health and Wellness Professional Psychiatry Psychology Psychology Around the Net Research Self-Help Stres Source Type: blogs
More News: Aromatherapy | Brain | Dementia | Depression | Geriatrics | Greece Health | Men | Music Therapy | Neurology | Psychology | Sports Medicine | Study