Paediatric deaths in a tertiary government hospital setting, Malawi.

CONCLUSION: Despite a significant reduction in paediatric inpatient mortality in Malawi, infectious diseases remain the predominant cause. ABBREVIATIONS: ART: anti-retroviral therapy; Child PIP: Child Healthcare Problem Identification Programme; CCF: congestive cardiac failure; CNS: central nervous system; CoNS: coagulase-negative staphylococci; CSF: cerebrospinal fluid; DNA pcr: deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase chain reaction; ETAT: emergency triage assessment and treatment; LMIC: low- and middle-income countries; MDG: Millennium Development Goals; MRI: magnetic resonance imaging; MRSA: methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; NAI: non-accidental injury; NTS: non-typhi salmonella; PJP: Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia; PSHD: presumed severe HIV disease; QECH: Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital; RHD: rheumatic heart disease; RTA: road traffic accident; TB: tuberculosis; TBM: tuberculous meningitis; WHO: World Health Organization; SAM: severe acute malnutrition. PMID: 30451103 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Paediatrics and international child health - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Paediatr Int Child Health Source Type: research

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Conclusions: the variables of development and nutritional at birth and during the early life may be important predictors of the chronology of eruption. Further investigations should be carried out towards the adequate evaluation of the LBW role in the occurrence of the delay on the eruption.Resumo Objetivos: analisar a associa ção entre o Baixo Peso ao Nascer (BPN) e a ocorrência de atraso na erupção da dentição decídua (AED) em crianças de 04 a 30 meses, residentes em Salvador-BA. Métodos: estudo transversal envolvendo 520 crianças que frequentava...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil - Category: Midwifery Source Type: research
The National Science Board (NSB) is accepting nominations for its 2020 honorary public service awards. The Vannevar Bush Award recognizes lifetime achievement for pursuits to improve the welfare of mankind and the nation through public-service activities in science, technology and public policy. The Public Service Award honors individuals and groups for substantial contributions to increasing public understanding of science and engineering. Nominations are due by Friday, September 27, 2019. Learn more about the awards and submit a nomination at http://www.nsf.gov/nsb/awards/. Senator Dick Durbin (D-IL), a member of the ...
Source: Public Policy Reports - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: The patients' sleep quality worsened and their daytime sleepiness increased as the risk of malnutrition increased. PMID: 31522220 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Saudi Medical Journal - Category: Middle East Health Tags: Saudi Med J Source Type: research
Notice NOT-HD-19-027 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts
Source: NIH Funding Opportunities (Notices, PA, RFA) - Category: Research Source Type: funding
Conditions:   GI Cancer;   Nutritional Deficiency Intervention:   Other: My Plate Calorie Tracker Sponsor:   H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionsThese results provide evidence that the impaired cognitive flexibility of OCD may be associated with dysfunctions of the brain network from the dorsal caudate (DC) to important nodes of the salience network. Our results extend the neuropsychological model of OCD by showing intrinsically different associations between OCD and HC in functional network and cognitive flexibility.
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 September 2019Source: The Lancet HIVAuthor(s): Joseph Kagaayi, Larry W Chang, Victor Ssempijja, M Kate Grabowski, Robert Ssekubugu, Gertrude Nakigozi, Godfrey Kigozi, David M Serwadda, Ronald H Gray, Fred Nalugoda, Nelson K Sew.ambo, Lisa Nelson, Lisa A Mills, Donna Kabatesi, Stella Alamo, Caitlin E Kennedy, Aaron A R Tobian, John S Santelli, Anna Mia Ekström, Helena NordenstedtSummaryBackgroundTargeting combination HIV interventions to locations and populations with high HIV burden is a global priority, but the impact of these strategies on HIV incidence is unclear. We assessed t...
Source: The Lancet HIV - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Mediterranean diet: The role of long-chain ω-3 fatty acids in fish; polyphenols in fruits, vegetables, cereals, coffee, tea, cacao and wine; probiotics and vitamins in prevention of stroke, age-related cognitive decline, and Alzheimer disease. Rev Neurol (Paris). 2019 Sep 11;: Authors: Román GC, Jackson RE, Gadhia R, Román AN, Reis J Abstract The mechanisms of action of the dietary components of the Mediterranean diet are reviewed in prevention of cardiovascular disease, stroke, age-associated cognitive decline and Alzheimer disease. A companion article provides a comprehensive revi...
Source: Revue Neurologique - Category: Neurology Tags: Rev Neurol (Paris) Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The entire field of acute stroke care has been revolutionized in the last 60 years. Big data management, telemedicine, software, new brain and vascular imaging techniques, biomarkers, robotics etc., are currently in development and again should lead to new and surprising changes during the next decades. PMID: 31521397 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue Neurologique - Category: Neurology Tags: Rev Neurol (Paris) Source Type: research
Authors: Román GC, Jackson RE, Reis J, Román AN, Toledo JB, Toledo E Abstract Observational epidemiological studies provide valuable information regarding naturally occurring protective factors observed in populations with very low prevalences of vascular disease. Between 1935 and 1965, the Italian-American inhabitants of Roseto (Pennsylvania, USA) observed a traditional Italian diet and maintained half the mortality rates from myocardial infarction compared with neighboring cities. In the Seven Countries Study, during 40years (1960-2000) Crete maintained the lowest overall mortality rates and coronar...
Source: Revue Neurologique - Category: Neurology Tags: Rev Neurol (Paris) Source Type: research
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