Augmented Reality to Localize Individual Organ in Surgical Procedure.

Conclusions: Vuforia software can help even researchers, students, or surgeons who do not possess computer vision expertise to easily develop an AR app in a user-friendly manner and use it to visualize and localize critical internal organs without incision. It could allow AR technology to be extensively utilized for various medical applications. PMID: 30443429 [PubMed]
Source: Healthcare Informatics Research - Category: Information Technology Tags: Healthc Inform Res Source Type: research

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ConclusionsWe discuss the changes introduced by the 8th edition AJCC Cancer Staging Manual, in terms of the diagnostic and surgical management of extra thyroid extension, in patients affected by papillary and follicular thyroid cancer.
Source: Thyroid Research - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our findings, along with other reports, suggest that MKIs is an effective neoadjuvant therapy and should be considered as a therapeutic strategy for unresectable grossly locally invasive thyroid carcinomas.
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionIvor –Lewis esophagectomy for patients with a history of TPL is a safe procedure, which can prevent severe complications including anastomotic leakage or tracheal necrosis.
Source: Esophagus - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Santosh K. Ghosh1*, Thomas S. McCormick1,2 and Aaron Weinberg1* 1Biological Sciences, School of Dental Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States 2Dermatology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States Human beta-defensins (hBDs, −1, 2, 3) are a family of epithelial cell derived antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) that protect mucosal membranes from microbial challenges. In addition to their antimicrobial activities, they possess other functions; e.g., cell activation, proliferation, regulation of cytokine/chemokine production, migration, diffe...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) occasionally invades tracheal cartilages. We adapted a reconstructive procedure “modified spiral tracheoplasty” to extensive tracheal defect after resection of locally advanced thyroid cancer. Extensive window resection of tracheal wall was performed in a 72-year-old woman and a 48-year-old man with PTC invading intraluminal trachea. Remaining stumps of trachea were separat ed from the esophageal wall and were rotated by 90 degrees in opposite directions. Posterior and lateral walls were anastomosed and tracheocutaneous fistula was created to prevent postoperative airway obstruction.
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsDCF-R treatment for advanced cervical esophageal cancer could be completed by the careful administration; although a strong blood toxicity might occur, this treatment may provide the chance to obtain favorable prognosis with larynx preservation.
Source: Esophagus - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
AbstractThe transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach (TOETVA) is a novel, scar-free surgical procedure that does not require visible incisions. Indications for TOETVA are as follows: predicted gland width on diagnostic imaging ≤10 cm; a thyroid volume outline of45  mL or main nodule diameter of>50  mm; and documentation of lymph node or distant metastases, tracheal/esophageal infiltration, preoperative laryngeal nerve palsy, hyperthyroidism, mediastinal goiter, or an oral abscess. Patients with poorly differentiated or un-differentiated cancer, dorsal extrathyroidal radius, and/or l...
Source: Endocrine - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Thyroid nodules are common, and a frequent reason for referral to secondary care. Clinical assessment and investigation should aim to address: functional status of the thyroid; exclusion of malignancy; and the presence of other symptoms (e.g. tracheal or oesophageal compression). A combination of neck ultrasound and fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) can usually help establish a plan of management, allowing conservative management of most patients, and surgical treatment for those with suspected or confirmed thyroid cancer.
Source: Surgery (Medicine Publishing) - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Endocrine surgery Source Type: research
Conclusions Patients with a gastric FPC were found to be at increased risk of developing SPC, mainly in digestive organs, when compared to the general population. Close surveillance of these patients may allow early detection of SPC.
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: We performed intraoperative ultrasound-guided endoscopic transoral surgery for metastatic RPN from papillary thyroid cancer and achieved complete resection as well as preservation of swallowing function.Case Rep Oncol 2017;10:649 –655
Source: Case Reports in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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