Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis of Body Composition and Survival in Patients with Heart Failure

ConclusionsOur data suggests that higher fat mass ‐ and to a lesser extent higher lean mass ‐ is associated with improved outcomes in heart failure. Further investigations of specific components of body composition and outcomes in heart failure are warranted.
Source: Clinical Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: CLINICAL INVESTIGATIONS Source Type: research

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ConclusionsWe identified important differences in circulating biomarkers, cardiac/arterial characteristics, prognosis, and response to spironolactone across clinical HFpEF phenogroups. These findings suggest distinct underlying mechanisms across clinically identifiable phenogroups of HFpEF that may benefit from different targeted interventions.Central Illustration
Source: JACC: Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusion A great deal of progress is being made in the matter of treating aging: in advocacy, in funding, in the research and development. It can never be enough, and it can never be fast enough, given the enormous cost in suffering and lost lives. The longevity industry is really only just getting started in the grand scheme of things: it looks vast to those of us who followed the slow, halting progress in aging research that was the state of things a decade or two ago. But it is still tiny compared to the rest of the medical industry, and it remains the case that there is a great deal of work yet to be done at all...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusion A great deal of progress is being made in the matter of treating aging: in advocacy, in funding, in the research and development. It can never be enough, and it can never be fast enough, given the enormous cost in suffering and lost lives. The longevity industry is really only just getting started in the grand scheme of things: it looks vast to those of us who followed the slow, halting progress in aging research that was the state of things a decade or two ago. But it is still tiny compared to the rest of the medical industry, and it remains the case that there is a great deal of work yet to be done at all...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Of Interest Source Type: blogs
Publication date: January 2020Source: JACC: Heart Failure, Volume 8, Issue 1Author(s): Milton PackerAbstractBoth obesity and type 2 diabetes are important risk factors for the development of heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), and both disorders increase the risk of systemic thromboembolic events. Traditionally, the risk of stroke has been explained by the strong association of these disorders with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, adiposity and diabetes are risk factors for systemic thromboembolism, even in the absence of AF, because both can lead to the development of an inflammatory and fibrotic a...
Source: JACC: Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Silva, FCd, Iop, RdR, Andrade, A, Costa, VP, Gutierres Filho, PJB, and Silva, Rd. Effects of physical exercise on the expression of microRNAs: A systematic review 34(1): 270–280, 2020—Studies have detected changes in the expression of miRNAs after physical exercise, which brings new insight into the molecular control of adaptation to exercise. Therefore, the objective of the current systematic review of experimental and quasiexperimental studies published in the past 10 years was to assess evidence related to acute effects, chronic effects, and both acute and chronic effects of physical exercise on miRNA expres...
Source: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Brief Review Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 December 2019Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Xianfeng Wu, Guihua Jian, Yuezhong Tang, Huan Cheng, Niansong Wang, Junnan WuAbstractBackground and AimsAlthough hyperuricemia is associated with congestive heart failure (CHF), hyperuricemic patients frequently have other comorbidities. Thus, it is difficult to distinguish the role of hyperuricemia from that of other comorbid conditions in CHF. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between hyperuricemia and CHF in elderly patients without comorbidities.MethodsSubjects aged ≥65 years wer...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 155: Important Considerations for the Treatment of Patients with Diabetes Mellitus and Heart Failure from a Diabetologist’s Perspective: Lessons Learned from Cardiovascular Outcome Trials International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph17010155 Authors: Chrysi Koliaki Nicholas Katsilambros Heart failure (HF) represents an important cardiovascular complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) associated with substantial morbidity and mortality, and is emphasized in recent cardiovascular outcome trials (CVOTs) as a critical outcome for patients wit...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
AbstractHeart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is common in patients with adult congenital heart disease. Many of the most common congenital defects have a high prevalence of HFrEF, including left-sided obstructive lesions (aortic stenosis, coarctation of the aorta, Shone complex), tetralogy of Fallot, Ebstein anomaly, lesions in which there is a systemic right ventricle, and lesions palliated with a Fontan circulation. However, heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is also prevalent in all these lesions. Comprehensive evaluation includes physical exam, biomarkers, echocardiography and advanc...
Source: Heart Failure Reviews - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractObesity and diabetes can lead to heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), potentially because they both cause expansion and inflammation of epicardial adipose tissue and thus lead to microvascular dysfunction and fibrosis of the underlying left ventricle. The same process also causes an atrial myopathy, which is clinically evident as atrial fibrillation (AF); thus, AF may be the first manifestation of HFpEF. Many patients with apparently isolated AF have latent HFpEF or subsequently develop HFpEF. Most patients with obesity or diabetes who have AF and exercise intolerance have increased left atrial p...
Source: European Journal of Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
This study shows that CA are released from periventricular and subpial regions to the cerebrospinal fluid and are present in the cervical lymph nodes, into which cerebrospinal fluid drains through the meningeal lymphatic system. We also show that CA can be phagocytosed by macrophages. We conclude that CA can act as containers that remove waste products from the brain and may be involved in a mechanism that cleans the brain. Moreover, we postulate that CA may contribute in some autoimmune brain diseases, exporting brain substances that interact with the immune system, and hypothesize that CA may contain brain markers that m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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