Radiologic diagnosis of the gallbladder and bile ducts - part 2 : Acute and chronic cholecystitis, primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), benign and malignant masses of the biliary system.
[Radiologic diagnosis of the gallbladder and bile ducts - part 2 : Acute and chronic cholecystitis, primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), benign and malignant masses of the biliary system]. Radiologe. 2018 Nov 14;: Authors: Helmberger H, Kammer B Abstract Upper abdominal pain, icterus and cholestasis are the symptoms leading to evaluation of the biliary tract. Together with its complications biliary stone disease is the main reason for inflammation of the biliary system. A distinction is made between acute and chronic variants. In chronic bile duct inflammation primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and more recently IgG4-associated sclerosing cholangitis are of particular importance. Besides benign and tumor-like-lesions, malignant entities as gallbladder carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma (CCC) in its three locations have to be mentioned. Despite all recent improvements, specificity of bile-tract imaging still remains limited, especially regarding malignant masses. Therefore the final diagnosis is made in many cases by histological analysis. PMID: 30430195 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
In this study, it was aimed to demonstrate that posterior perichondrioadipodermal flap is a safe and simple method for revision otoplasty. The technique is highly advantageous if the primary otoplasty technique is a cartilage-sparing method. However, if the primary otoplasty technique is a cartilage-sculpting method, the efficiency of this technique remains unknown because no patient in this study had cartilage-sculpting otoplasty as primary otoplasty, which is possibly the main drawback of this study.
Synaptotagmin12 (SYT12) has been well characterized as the regulator of transmitter release in the nervous system, however the relevance and molecular mechanisms of SYT12 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) are not understood. In the current study, we investigated the expression of SYT12 and its molecular biological functions in OSCC by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, immunoblot analysis, and immunohistochemistry. SYT12 were up-regulated significantly in OSCC-derived cell lines and primary OSCC tissue compared with the normal counterparts (P
Conclusions: TGFBI overexpression can promote OSCC and is associated with poor prognosis in OSCC patients. TGFBI knockout can inhibit cell proliferation and metastasis in vivo. TGFBI may alter cell responses to bacteria, which causes an imbalance in the immune inflammatory response and promotes the development of OSCC.
Overexpression of AKR1B10 correlated with tumorigenesis of many human malignancies; however, the prognostic value of AKR1B10 expression in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) still remains controversial. In this analysis, AKR1B10 expression in HCC tumors were evaluated in GEO, TCGA and Oncomine databases, and a survival analysis of AKR1B10 based on TCGA profile was performed. We found that AKR1B10 was significantly overexpressed in tumors compared with nontumors in 7 GEO series (GSE14520, GSE25097, GSE33006, GSE45436, GSE55092, GSE60502, GSE77314) and TCGA profile (all P
Conclusion: In summary, after training with a large dataset, the DCNN VGG-16 model showed great potential in facilitating PTC diagnosis from cytological images. The contours, perimeter, area and mean of pixel intensity of PTC in fragmented images were more than the benign nodules.
Melanoma antigen-A11 (MAGE-A11) is a low-abundance, primate-specific steroid receptor coregulator in normal tissues of the human reproductive tract, which plays an important role in tumorigenesis. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been shown to contribute to cancer risk and prognosis. However, the role of SNPs of MAGE-A11 in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has not been established. Two intronic SNPs (rs6641352 and rs6540341) of MAGE-A11 have been screened to assess their associations with RCC risk and prognosis in a case control study. We found that rs6641352 was associated with RCC susceptibility in the dominant mode...
Background: Liver function is an important prognostic factor for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a nomogram integrating the albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) and serum γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) level to predict postoperative overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods: The effect of combined of ALBI and GGT on HCC prognosis was investigated using univariate and multivariate Cox analyses. The nomogram for OS and DFS were developed, respectively, and their predictive ability was compared with other conventiona...
Conclusion: These findings indicate that Fucoidan-Sargassum has an antimetastatic effect on SMMC-7721, Huh7 and HCCLM3 liver cancer cells, and the underlying mechanism involves targeting ITGαVβ3 and mediating the ITGαVβ3/SRC/E2F1 signaling pathway. These results suggest that Fucoidan-Sargassum may be a promising therapeutic antimetastatic compound in the development of a metastasis-preventive drug for treating liver cancer.
In conclusion, circulating microRNAs, particularly the miR-125b, may serve as promising biomarkers for the early diagnosis of HBV-related HCC. However, larger and more rigorous studies are needed to confirm our conclusions.
Conclusions: LNR is an independent survival predictor in patients with FIGO stage III OCCC.