Weight history may be important for determining risk of early death

(JAMA Network) A   patient's weight history could help identify those at increased risk of dying. Using data for nearly 6,200 people from the Framingham Heart Study, this study incorporated weight history to examine the association between obesity and risk of death because many studies typically rely on weight status at a single point in time.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Higher tumor mass and lower adipose mass are associated with colon‑26 adenocarcinoma‑induced cachexia in male, female and ovariectomized mice. Oncol Rep. 2019 Mar 20;: Authors: Banh T, Snoke D, Cole RM, Angelotti A, Schnell PM, Belury MA Abstract Cachexia is responsible for nearly 20% of all cancer‑related deaths, yet effective therapies to prevent or treat the disease are lacking. Clinical studies have shown that male patients lose weight at a faster rate than females. Additionally, an 'obesity paradox' may exist where excess adiposity may confer survival to patients with cancer cachexia. To fur...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research
Authors: Wang D, Hatahet M, Wang Y, Liang H, Bazikian Y, Bray CL Abstract PURPOSE: Since the publication of the 2017 ACC/AHA hypertension guideline, few studies have analyzed the epidemiology and management of hypertension across many heterogeneous subgroups in the US. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the data collected by the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 1999 to 2016. Participants greater than 20 years of age, who had valid blood pressure measurements, were included in the study. A comprehensive analysis of 14 population subgroups was done to systematically examine how hyper...
Source: Blood Pressure - Category: Hematology Tags: Blood Press Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 March 2019Source: Food Science and Human WellnessAuthor(s): Chenggang Zhang, Wenjing Gong, Zhihui Li, Dawen Gao, Yan GaoAbstractHuman wellness is the ultimate goal of our efforts in improving the human life. Special foods are undoubtedly important in achieving human wellness. However, overeating significantly leads to obesity and diabetes. These chronic diseases will in turn affect the human wellness. Therefore, “dietary restriction and proper exercise” were introduced in the human daily life. Different foods cause various effects on the human health. The diversification of...
Source: Food Science and Human Wellness - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
ConclusionPre-operative clinic non-attendance helps predict post-operative clinic non-attendance. Missing any pre-operative clinics and at least 50% of scheduled post-operative clinics is associated with poorer weight loss outcomes.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionReducing overall use of screen technologies and displacing it with other active pursuits, increasing sleep duration, and promoting healthy lifestyle behaviors could be an effective approach to attenuate increased risks of overweight or obesity and improve health of children and adolescents.
Source: Journal of Public Health - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
A new study from the Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis has found that obese mic had offspring with heart problems, and these issues last for at least three generations.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
ConclusionOur study suggests a VDR-mediated metabolic cross-talk between gut and adipose tissue, which significantly contributes to systemic lipid homeostasis. These results have important implications for use of the intestinal VDR as a therapeutic target for obesity and associated disorders.
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
This study demonstrates that CCL2 is a key molecule for the development of metabolic and histological alterations in the liver of mice sensitive to the development of hyperlipidemia and hepatic steatosis, a finding with potential to identify new therapeutic targets in liver diseases.
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Therefore, considering the role of myonectin in increasing fatty acid uptake, exercise training can play an essential role in decreasing obesity-related diseases and metabolic syndrome; this effect is partly related to the roles of myonectin. Therefore, the use of this type of exercise is recommended to reduce the risk of diseases associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome. PMID: 30894898 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 March 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Y. Tony Yang, Sara E. Benjamin-NeelonAbstractIn July 2018, Baltimore became the largest US city to prohibit restaurants from including sugar-sweetened beverages on kids' menus. In September 2018, California made history by becoming the first US state to require either water or milk as the default beverage with children's meals at all restaurants. Supporters of children's meals laws view them as helping to change the culture of health on beverage preferences and subtly influencing the choices of patrons. Using subtle methods of influencing...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
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