Attenuation of pulmonary fibrosis in type I collagen-targeted reporter mice with ALK-5 inhibitors

Publication date: Available online 15 November 2018Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology &TherapeuticsAuthor(s): Hideki Terashima, Misato Aonuma, Hiroshi Tsuchida, Kotaro Sugimoto, Mika Yokoyama, Mikio KatoAbstractIdiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and fatal disease, and consequently, effective antifibrotic drugs are strongly desired. Although we have previously reported a validated Col1a1-Luc Tg rat model for fibrosis, there are only a few mouse models that enable the evaluation of fibrosis in a short time period and with high sensitivity. Therefore, we generated a Col1a1-internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-Luc knock-in (KI) mouse in which the IRES-luciferase gene construct was inserted into the 3′-UTR of the type I collagen alpha 1 gene (Col1a1). There was a high correlation between luciferase activity and hydroxyproline content in the KI mice, which is similar to the result that we have previously reported for the Col1a1-Luc Tg rat model. In a bleomycin (BLM)-induced lung fibrosis model, luciferase activity in the lung showed a significant increase 3 days after BLM treatment, while only a slight increase was observed in the hydroxyproline content. An ALK-5 inhibitor—R-268712—was effective in inhibiting the luciferase activity in both the in vivo BLM-induced lung fibrosis model and in vitro primary mouse lung fibroblasts. This suggests that fibroblasts are the major collagen-producing cells in lung fibrosis. In human lung fibroblasts, TGF-&b...
Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Journal of Health EconomicsAuthor(s): Dimitris Christelis, Dimitris Georgarakos, Anna Sanz-de-GaldeanoAbstractEconomic theory predicts that a reduction in background risk should induce financial risk-taking, particularly for individuals with low stock market participation costs. Hence, health insurance coverage could affect financial risk-taking by offsetting health-related background risk. We use a regression discontinuity design to examine whether Medicare eligibility at age 65 increases stockholding in the US and find that it does so for those with college educa...
Source: Journal of Health Economics - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
In this study, serum IL6 was measured by ELISA, and the HSD11B1rs12086634(T/G) polymorphism was analyzed using a TaqMan allelic discrimination assay technique. There were statistically significant differences between the two studied groups concerning the serum IL-6 level and HSD11B1rs12086634(T/G) genotype distribution, with increased serum IL6 and increased frequencies of the GG and TG genotypes in patients with PCO. The GG genotype of HSD11B1 rs12086634(T/G) and its associated high level of serum IL-6 may represent genetic risk factors for PCOS.
Source: Meta Gene - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 November 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Tom Marcelissen, Kevin Rademakers
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 November 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Zhengzheng Xu, Guangzhe Ge, Bao Guan, Zhentao Lei, Xueyu Hao, Yuanyuan Zhou, Yue Shi, Huan Lu, Jilu Wang, Ding Peng, XiKang Wu, Huiying He, Bao Zhang, Xuesong Li, Liqun Zhou, Weimin Ci
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Pirus Ghadjar, Thomas Wiegel
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Elise De Bleser, Piet Ost
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe CFQL-2 is a brief, reliable scale that effectively measures psychosocial aspects of QoL and is sensitive to changes in QoL in families of children with ASD or related neurodevelopmental disorders. Child externalizing behavior is strongly associated with reductions in multiple aspects of child and family psychosocial QoL.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionThis meta-analysis suggested a significant association between MTHFR gene polymorphism (C677T and A1298C) and ASD risk.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionGiven that obtaining negative margins is important in reducing the risk of recurrence, the method of surgical resection utilized is based on the amount of future functional residual hepatic parenchyma.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsTattooing of axillary LNs is safe and easily performed. Tattooing was helpful in identifying the marked LN in the majority of cases. This technique helps to ensure that metastatic LNs are identified and removed at surgery after NAT.
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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