Hepatitis C virus and its genotypes in chronic liver disease patients from Meghalaya, Northeast India

Conclusions: The presence of HCV in newly diagnosed CLD cases from Meghalaya was considerable. The genotype distribution of HCV was distinct from the other regions of India.
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research

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Conclusion For patients with HBV-related liver cirrhosis and SBP, iMELD had the highest AUC among these eight models and was significantly superior to MELD, MESO, and Refit MELD in addition to CTP and ALBI scores in predicting 3-month and 6-month mortalities.
Source: European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Hepatology Source Type: research
Abstract The number of patients with chronic liver diseases is expected to decline due to progress in antivirus therapy, including direct-acting antivirals for hepatitis C and nucleot(s)ide analogues for hepatitis B. On the other hand, the number of patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease/nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NAFLD/NASH) in the setting of metabolic syndrome has been increasing worldwide. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) arises in the setting of chronic hepatic inflammation and liver cirrhosis associated with NAFLD/NASH. However, the detailed clinical features of NAFLD/NASH and NAFLD/NASH-derived HCC ...
Source: Yakugaku Zasshi : Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Yakugaku Zasshi Source Type: research
Abstract The human microbiota is a variety of different microorganisms. The composition of microbiota varies from host to host, and it changes during the lifetime. It is known that microbiome may be changed because of a diet, bacteriophages and different processes for example, such as inflammation. Like all other areas of medicine, there is a continuous growth in the area of microbiology. Different microbes can reside in all sites of a human body, even in locations that were previously considered as sterile; for example, liver, pancreas, brain and adipose tissue. Presently one of the etiological factors for liver ...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
Conclusion: NAFLD is emerging as a predominant etiology of CLD in India, followed by ALD, HBV, and HCV. However, significant regional differences regarding predominant etiology was noted within the country. It was further noted that significant number of patients had advanced fibrosis based on VCTE assessment. This study emphasizes the need for appropriate risk evaluation and early assessment of severity of liver disease, for adequate disease management. PMID: 31315327 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
This is so far the first meta ‐analysis about TM6SF2 polymorphisms and chronic liver disease. Our pooled analyses suggested that rs58542926 polymorphism was significantly associated with chronic liver disease in both Asians and Caucasians. Future investigations are warranted to explore potential roles of other TM6SF2 polymorph isms in the development of chronic liver disease. AbstractBackgroundSome genetic association studies tried to investigate potential associations of transmembrane 6 superfamily member 2 (TM6SF2) polymorphisms with chronic liver disease. However, the results of these studies were not consistent. Thus...
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Authors: Kawanaka M, Tanikawa T, Kamada T, Ishii K, Urata N, Nakamura J, Nishino K, Suehiro M, Sasai T, Manabe N, Monobe Y, Kawamoto H, Haruma K Abstract Objective To evaluate the prevalence of autoimmune gastritis in patients with histologically proven nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Methods A total of 33 patients with NASH and 143 patients with chronic liver disease (66, 24, 22, 10, 1, and 21 patients with hepatitis C, hepatitis B, autoimmune hepatitis/primary biliary cholangitis, non-B/non-C hepatitis, fatty liver, and alcoholic disease, respectively) who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy between J...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
ConclusionPre-transplant performance status is one of the predictors of mortality after LDLT.
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Chronic viral hepatitis and liver cirrhosis are responsible for a significant burden in Brazil, affecting mainly men and individuals still in their productive years. Most burden is related to non-viral causes of cirrhosis, with a major contribution of alcohol. PMID: 31171330 [PubMed]
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
In conclusion; our results ring a bell inviting the development of a roadmap for liver research in Egypt targeting to put future policies to cover areas of weakness in liver research with an ultimate goal of tackling liver disease and its overwhelming socioeconomic burden in our developing country.
Source: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
This study aims to measure the values of spleen stiffness (SS) in healthy subjects, the inter-operator agreement in SS measurement, and to detect statistically significant correlations between SS and age, sex, weight, BMI, portal vein dynamics and splenic dimensions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 100 healthy volunteers who had no substantial alcohol intake (
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
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