Hepatitis E virus infection: An old virus with a new story!

Ekta Gupta, Pragya AgarwalaIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2018 36(3):317-323Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is an important public health problem. HEV infection has been identified as a major cause of enterically transmitted acute sporadic hepatitis in India especially in adult age group. India is hyperendemic for HEV, with the disease presenting both as outbreaks and as cases of acute sporadic viral hepatitis. Most of these outbreaks can be traced to contamination of drinking water supplies with human fecal matter. The last decade has witnessed tremendous change in our understanding of the virus in its epidemiology, clinical features, diagnostic approaches, treatment options and the need for vaccination. With the identification of culture systems for HEV and development of animal models for its replication, knowledge regarding its replication and pathogenesis has evolved. This review attempts to discuss the nuances in our understanding of this virus, its pathogenesis and diagnosis, especially with reference to the Indian scenario.
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research

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Mark K. Slifka1* and Ian J. Amanna2 1Division of Neuroscience, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Oregon Health &Science University, Beaverton, OR, United States2Najít Technologies, Inc., Beaverton, OR, United States Vaccines play a vital role in protecting our communities against infectious disease. Unfortunately, some vaccines provide only partial protection or in some cases vaccine-mediated immunity may wane rapidly, resulting in either increased susceptibility to that disease or a requirement for more booster vaccinations in order to maintain immunity above a protective level. The durability of a...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
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Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
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Source: Research in Veterinary Science - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
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