An immunoturbidimetric assay for bovine haptoglobin

AbstractIn cattle, the serum protein haptoglobin (Hp) is a major acute phase protein (APP) that rises in concentration over a thousand fold following stimulation by pro-inflammatory cytokines. As such, this APP is a valuable biomarker for infection, inflammation and trauma in cattle. The assay for bovine Hp is becoming more commonplace in clinical pathology and in experimental studies when a biomarker of innate immunity is required. The most widely used assay for Hp utilises its binding to haemoglobin (Hp-Hb binding assay), which at low pH enables the preservation of the native peroxidase activity in the haemoglobin. This assay is used for all species, including species such as dog, cat and pig where the level of Hp is higher in healthy animals of these species than in healthy cattle, and therefore a bovine-specific immunoassay that can be automated would be desirable. Thus, a novel-automated species-specific immunoturbidimetric (IT) assay has been developed. Validation studies showed intra- and inter-assay CVs of below 5% and 9% respectively and a recovery of 99% from samples spiked with bovine Hp and a limit of quantification of 0.033  g/L. The assay is not affected by icterus or lipaemia but had moderate interference from haemoglobin and showed a significant correlation with the Hp-Hb binding assay. This novel IT assay for bovine Hp will allow automated analysis of this important bovine APP to identify changes in the Hp concent ration not detectable by current Hp-Hb b...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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Source: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Dev Ind Pharm Source Type: research
Authors: Rezaie Shirmard L, Ghofrani M, Bahari Javan N, Bayrami S, Tavassoli A, Rezaie A, Amini M, Kebriaee-Zadeh A, Rouini MR, Dinarvand R, Rafiee-Tehrani M, Dorkoosh FA Abstract Uncontrolled distribution of nanoparticles (NPs) within the body can significantly decrease the efficiency of drug therapy and is considered among the main restrictions of NPs application. The aim of this study was to develop a depot combination delivery system (CDS) containing fingolimod loaded poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) NPs dispersed into a matrix of oleic acid-grafted-aminated alginate (OA-g-AAlg) to minimize ...
Source: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Dev Ind Pharm Source Type: research
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Source: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Dev Ind Pharm Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the potential for supersaturation in LBDDS, and the risk of precipitation, was found to be highly drug dependent. The apparent degree of supersaturation was considered a major factor impacting the ability to maintain drug supersaturation upon storage. PMID: 31975613 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Dev Ind Pharm Source Type: research
Authors: Mailhot Vega RB, Hoppe BS PMID: 31976780 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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