A ten year review of the sickle cell program in Muhimbili National Hospital, Tanzania

We report the profile of SCD seen in the first 10  years at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH).MethodsIndividuals seen at MNH known or suspected to have SCD were enrolled at clinic and laboratory testing for SCD, haematological and biochemical analyses done. Ethnicity was self-reported. Clinical and laboratory features of SCD were documented. Comparison was made with non-SCD population as well as within 3 different age groups (
Source: BMC Hematology - Category: Hematology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 23 September 2020Source: Anaesthesia Critical Care &Pain MedicineAuthor(s): Vincent Laudenbach, Aude Charollais, Sophie Radi, Marie-Hélène Stumpf, Anne Vincent, Ingrid Kaltwasser, Tiphaine Tomczyk, Jacques Benichou, Philippe Leroux, Stéphane Marret
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: SO remains a threatening clinical diagnosis that poses diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. It can be triggered post-traumatic, but also any intraocular surgery. This should be taken into account when assessing the indication for intraocular eye surgery, especially in eyes with reduced visual outcome. PMID: 32967030 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research
Abstract The case involved a man in his forties. While working at the restaurant that the patient runs, the patient experienced a stab-like pain on the left shoulder and developed systemic pruritic eruptions. He was diagnosed with anaphylaxis upon visiting our emergency department. Conjunctival hyperemia, lip swelling, cold sweats, and nausea presented later. A cap fluorescence enzyme immunoassay using the serum of the patient showed specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) positivity for wasps; therefore, we hypothesized that he had anaphylaxis caused by the insect's sting. Insects of the same species as that by which the...
Source: Arerugi - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Arerugi Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: PheWAS is a viable tool for calculating risk associated with any biomarker. The current analysis provide a new approach to generating hypotheses and understanding the breadth of health disparities. Future analyses will further explore causality, risk factors, and potential confounders not accounted for here. PMID: 32958289 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research
Authors: Ren X, Li X, Huo J, You Y, Huang J, Shao Y, Ge M, Huang Z, Zhang J, Wang M, Jin P, Nie N, Zheng Y Abstract Objectives: To clear the obscure conclusion on the prediction value of paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH) clones in severe aplastic anaemia (SAA) patients treated with immunosuppressive therapy (IST). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 219 consecutive SAA patients treated with IST from October 2008 to October 2015 and evaluated the haematological responses to IST. Results: The presence of a PNH clone was detected in 55 (25.1%) patients prior to IST [37/88 by flow cytometry (FCM) and 18/131 b...
Source: Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that Cernilen-flogo® treatment after PVP is effective and minimize patient's pelvic discomfort showed by lower VAS level resulting in better postoperatively patient's quality of life (QOL). PMID: 32965002 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Serum level of miR-492 remarkably increases in the acute phase of AMI, which may be used as an effective biomarker for diagnosing AMI. PMID: 32964994 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This case highlights the utility of LT as a viable treatment option for acute sickle cell intrahepatic cholestasis. PMID: 32231764 [PubMed]
Source: World Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: World J Hepatol Source Type: research
Authors: Niccoli Asabella A, Altini C, Nappi AG, Lavelli V, Ferrari C, Marzullo A, Loiodice A, Rubini G Abstract Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the best known haemoglobinopathy, caused by a mutation substituting valina for glutamic acid at position 6 of the beta-globin chain of adult hemoglobin A, resulting in hemoglobin S (HbS). The homozygous HbS disease (HbSS), an autosomal recessive disorder, is the most common form and the Mediterranean area, along with sub-Saharian African and India, have the highest prevalence (1%-15%). In particular, Sicily with a prevalence of 2%-5%, is among the most interested regions. How...
Source: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Hell J Nucl Med Source Type: research
Discussion Bile is produced by the liver to aid absorption of fat soluble vitamins and lipids from the gastrointestinal tract and to transport bilirubin, cholesterol and other substances to the gastrointestinal tract. Bile is the main form of cholesterol excretion. Gallstones or cholelithiasis form when the balance of substances within the hepatobiliary tract favors supersaturation with crystal formation and gallstone formation. It is a dynamic state of affairs as gallstones can form and also have a high rate of resorption of up to 50%. Gallstones 3 mm are called gallstones. Gallstones, while not as common as adult popula...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
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