Evaluation of the natural course of thyroid nodules in patients with acromegaly

AbstractPurposeTo investigate the nodular thyroid disease (NTD) and the natural course of thyroid nodules in patients with acromegaly.Methods138 patients with acromegaly (73  F/65 M), whose initial thyroid ultrasonography performed in our university hospital, were included in this study. The frequencies of NTD, papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) and associated factors on nodule formation were investigated at initial assessment. Patients who had NTD continued to follow-up (n = 56) were re-evaluated with a ultrasonography performed after a mean 7-years follow-up period. The nodule size changes were compared with the initial data and the factors affecting nodule growth were investigated.ResultsThe frequency of NTD was found 69%. Patients with NTD were older (p  = 0.05), with higher baseline IGF-1%ULN (upper limit of normal) (p = 0.01). In patients with NTD, the majority had similar nodule size (45%), decreased nodule size in 30% and nodule growth in 25%. In patients with active acromegaly at last visit, nodule growth was more significant (p 
Source: Pituitary - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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In this study, we evaluated the course of DTC in 14 acromegalic patients retrospectively. Fourteen papillary thyroid cancer patients without acromegaly, who were matched with the acromegalic patient group for age, gender and properties of thyroid cancer, were investigated as the control group. We identified no change in the course and treatment responses of DTC in association with the acromegaly activity, gender, age and disease duration, and all patients were found to be in remission for DTC at the time of investigation. Retrospective analysis of this cohort suggests that the activity of acromegaly may not affect the trea...
Source: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology and Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Health-Related Complications of Acromegaly—Risk of Malignant Neoplasms Marek Ruchala*† and Kosma Wolinski† Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Internal Medicine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland The issue of increased risk of benign and malignant neoplasms in patients with acromegaly remains the topic of debate from many years and was addressed by numerous studies. Many of them have shown increase in the cancer incidence. Among particular types of malignancies, thyroid, colorectal, and breast cancer are most commonly indicated as associated with acromegaly. Single ...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Coexistence of acromegaly and numerous other tumors suggests a common etiology of these disorders. However, no genetic abnormality could be identified with the tests that have been performed. PMID: 30742299 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Endokrynologia Polska - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Endokrynol Pol Source Type: research
Abstract Carney complex is a rare, autosomal dominant, multiple endocrine neoplasia and lentiginosis syndrome, caused in most patients by defects in the PRKAR1A gene, which encodes the regulatory subunit type 1α of protein kinase A. Inactivating defects of PRKAR1A lead to aberrant cyclic-AMP-protein kinase A signaling. Patients may develop multiple skin abnormalities and a variety of endocrine and non-endocrine tumors. Endocrine manifestations include primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease, that may cause Cushing syndrome, growth-hormone secreting pituitary adenoma or pituitary somatotropic hyperpl...
Source: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes Source Type: research
Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes DOI: 10.1055/a-0753-4943Carney complex is a rare, autosomal dominant, multiple endocrine neoplasia and lentiginosis syndrome, caused in most patients by defects in the PRKAR1A gene, which encodes the regulatory subunit type 1α of protein kinase A. Inactivating defects of PRKAR1A lead to aberrant cyclic-AMP-protein kinase A signaling. Patients may develop multiple skin abnormalities and a variety of endocrine and non-endocrine tumors. Endocrine manifestations include primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease, that may cause Cushing syndrome, growth-hormone secreting pituitary adenom...
Source: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology and Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes DOI: 10.1055/a-0629-9223 Purpose Prevalence of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is increased in patients with acromegaly. We aimed to determine the protein expression of BRAF, RAS, RET, insulin like growth factor 1(IGF1), Galectine 3, CD56 in patients with PTC related acromegaly and to compare the extensity of these expressions with normal PTC patients and benign thyroid nodules. Methods We studied 313 patients with acromegaly followed in Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinic between 1998 and 2015. On the basis of availability of pathological specimen of thyroid tissues,...
Source: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology and Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: Both benign and malignant thyroid abnormalities are increased in the acromegalic population compared to those in the general population. Age at diagnosis is an independent risk factor for thyroid abnormalities, and GH burden may be a partial contributor. Early diagnosis, early treatment, and monitoring of postoperational endocrine levels are important for acromegalic patients. PMID: 29593792 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
rgensen JOL Abstract Context: Acromegaly has been associated with increased risk of cancer morbidity and mortality, but research findings remain conflicting and population-based data are scarce. We therefore examined whether patients with acromegaly are at higher risk of cancer. Design: A nationwide cohort study (1978-2010) including 529 acromegaly cases was performed. Incident cancer diagnoses and mortality were compared to national rates estimating standardized incidence ratios (SIRs). A meta-analysis of cancer SIRs from 23 studies (including the present one) was performed. Results: The cohort study id...
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
Acromegaly is a rare disorder caused by chronic growth hormone (GH) hypersecretion. While diagnostic and therapeutic methods have advanced, little information exists on trends in acromegaly characteristics over time. The Liège Acromegaly Survey (LAS) Database, a relational database, is designed to assess the profile of acromegaly patients at diagnosis and during long-term follow-up at multiple treatment centers. The following results were obtained at diagnosis. The study population consisted of 3173 acromegaly patients from ten countries; 54.5% were female. Males were significantly younger at diagnosis than females ...
Source: Endocrine-Related Cancer - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
It is debated if acromegalic patients have an increased risk to develop malignancies. The aim of the present study was to assess the standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) of different types of cancer in acromegaly on a large series of acromegalic patients managed in the somatostatin analogs era. It was evaluated the incidence of cancer in an Italian nationwide multicenter cohort study of 1512 acromegalic patients, 624 men and 888 women, mean age at diagnosis 45 ± 13 years, followed up for a mean of 10 years (12573 person-years) in respect to the general Italian population. Cancer was diagnosed in 124 patients, 72 wom...
Source: Endocrine-Related Cancer - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
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