A Critical Review of Nebivolol and its Fixed-Dose Combinations in the Treatment of Hypertension

Abstractβ-Adrenergic receptor blockers (β-blockers) are well-known useful and cost-effective drugs for managing hypertensive patients with coronary heart disease, stroke, and heart failure. However, it is often difficult to use β-blockers for patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Moreover, most β-blockers negatively influence glucose or lipid metabolism. Nebivolol is a third-generation lipophilic β-1 receptor-selective blocker with nitric oxide-mediated vasodilatory effects, metabolically neutral and usually well tolerated by patients with asthma or COPD. Nebivolol has significant effects of reduction in central blood pressure and improvements in endothelial dysfunction and arterial stiffness. To summarize the merits and demerits of nebivolol in different clinical situations, we conducted a review using the word ‘nebivolol’ on Pubmed and Embase, limiting the search to hypertension, clinical trials, and meta-analyses. This review summarizes the clinical studies on nebivolol itself and on the combination of nebivolol with other antihypertensive drugs, such as hydrochlorothiazide, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin-receptor blocker s, and amlodipine. Most studies showed the safety and well-tolerated profile of nebivolol and the combination of nebivolol with other antihypertensive drugs, which suggests that new fixed combinations of nebivolol with other antihypertensive drugs would be useful...
Source: Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Leptomeningeal anastomoses or pial collateral vessels play a critical role in cerebral blood flow (CBF) restoration following ischemic stroke. The magnitude of this adaptive response is postulated to be controlled by the endothelium, although the underlying molecular mechanisms remain under investigation. Here we demonstrated that endothelial genetic deletion, using EphA4fl/fl/Tie2-Cre and EphA4fl/fl/VeCahderin-CreERT2 mice and vessel painting strategies, implicated EphA4 receptor tyrosine kinase as a major suppressor of pial collateral remodeling, CBF, and functional recovery following permanent middle cerebral artery occ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Review of English-language articles published from PubMed (MEDLINE) and Google Scholar between January 1, 1985, and January 1, 2019.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Crescendo transient ischemic attacks should be treated by carotid endarterectomy within two days – but with increased perioperative stroke risk Source Type: research
Multicenter retrospective analysis of patients entered in the prospective, randomized International Carotid Stenting Study between May 2001 and October 2008.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Open-cell stents used for carotid artery stenting are less likely to develop recurrent stenosis than closed-cell stents Source Type: research
Currently there is no definitive level I evidence regarding the appropriate management of asymptomatic moderate to severe carotid artery stenosis in the octogenarian patient. In this 5-year review of National Surgical Quality Improvement Program registry data, exceptional “real-world” results are reported with use of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in this growing cohort.1 The combined stroke and death rate was 2% at 30-day follow-up (stroke rate 1%!), with the authors stating that “age alone should not interdict this modality.”
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Invited commentary Source Type: research
Suprarenal abdominal aortic coarctation (SAAC) is a congenital midaortic syndrome that develops owing to a developmental anomaly in the fusion of the embryonic dorsal aortae. This condition is associated with severe hypertension, which is usually the indication for intervention. Open surgery is the primary treatment and it typically involves thoracoaortic bypass (TAB), and less commonly patch aortoplasty (PA). Bypass to the visceral vessels has also been performed in conjunction with TAB or PA. The majority undergoing intervention for SAAC are children and adolescents; therefore, the benefits of surgical intervention must ...
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Invited commentary Source Type: research
Authors: BaHammam AS, Almeneessier AS Abstract Previous studies have assessed the role of gender and menopause in Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). It is well known that menopause is a major risk factor for OSA. However, analogous studies on obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome (OHS) are limited. Recent studies have suggested that OHS is more prevalent in postmenopausal women. Moreover, women with OHS seem to have excess comorbidities, including hypothyroidism, hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, and diabetes mellitus, compared to men. In the present perspective, we discuss recent data on the prevalence and comorbiditie...
Source: Open Respiratory Medicine Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Open Respir Med J Source Type: research
75 years old patient, with controlled diabetes and hypertension, very fit. he underwent in 2009, a radical prostatectomy followed 30 fractions of adjuvant 3D conformal radiation therapy to the prostatic bed only. in 2018: PSA rise to 2.16 2019: PSA 2.16 Pet PSMA showed a 7 mm LN at the level of L4-5 secondary lesion, with no recurrence in the tumor bed, neither in bone or other LNs. He was put on decapeptyl + casodex. please vote the poll
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Radiation Oncology Source Type: forums
Conclusions: We speculated that damages to the basal ganglia disrupted the cortico-subcortical circuits that facilitated the transhemispheric communications of language functions, resulting in decreased interhemispheric FC. Consequently, the intrahemispheric FC increased as a possible compensatory mechanism to restore the language functions. PMID: 31955634 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
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Source: Developmental Neurorehabilitation - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundFunctional limitations may be more common in middle-aged adults than previously recognized. However, there are few published data on the prevalence of activity limitations, and their association with multimorbidity, among adults 50 to 64  years old.ObjectiveTo describe the prevalence of activity limitations and the association with multimorbidity in middle-aged adults.DesignCross-sectional analysis of US population-based National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011 –2016.ParticipantsThe total number of community-dwelling NHANES participants aged 50 –64 years old is ...
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
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