Genetic characteristics of Bacillus anthracis isolated from northwestern China from 1990 to 2016

This study also provides preliminary survey results regarding the population diversity ofB.anthracis in China, which will help promote the prevention and control of this important disease.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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As China has become more attractive for foreigners to travel or work, some Chinese-English bilingual guide signs have been adopted on the highways for the convenience of foreign drivers. This research examined the effectiveness of Chinese-English bilingual...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news
The remotely sensed burned area (BA) products can provide continuous and spatiotemporally explicit characteristics of fire patches, which are critical data sources for understanding regional fire regimes. However, their accuracy remains to be improved. In ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news
Authors: Li L, Wu F, Xie Y, Xu W, Xiong G, Xu Y, Huang S, Wu Y, Jiang X Abstract A previous study and a gene-annotation enrichment analysis for potential targets of the microRNA miR-202-3p both suggest that this microRNA might be implicated in cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. In the present study, the role of miR-202-3p in the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease (CHD) was explored. We conduct a case-control study to detect the expression levels of miR-202-3p in peripheral blood cells and found that miR-202-3p expression was significantly higher in CHD cases than in controls (P
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Heart J Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 April 2020Source: Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 157Author(s): Jing Chen, Chunyang Zhang, Yi Wang, Wei XuAbstractObjectiveThe present study investigated the ways in which inferiority predicted aggression 6 months later in college students, by considering the role of cognitive reappraisal and expression suppression.MethodA total of 462 Chinese college students (50.2% male; Mage=19.60, SD=0.807) completed an emotion regulation questionnaire (ERQ), an inferiority questionnaire, and a Chinese college students’ vision of the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (CC-BPAQ) at two time poi...
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
This study examined whether fWHR predicted intimate partner violence and dominance in committed relationships in a Chinese sample (n = 144). fWHR was measured in two ways: (1) bizygomatic width divided by the distance between the upper lip and mid-brow and (2) bizygomatic width divided by the distance between the upper lip and highest point of the eyelids. The Conflict Tactics Scale 2 was used to measure intimate partner violence. The 39 items assessed individuals’ aggression in five dimensions: (1) negotiation, (2) psychological aggression, (3) physical assault, (4) sexual coercion, and (5) injury. Dominan...
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
This study explored the reciprocal relations between hope and academic achievement, and the mediating effect of behavioral engagement in a sample of Chinese elementary school students. A total of 949 students from third, fourth, and fifth grades completed measures of hope and behavioral engagement in the middle of three consecutive semesters. Students' final exam scores for Chinese, Mathematics, and English were obtained from school records at the end of the corresponding three semesters. Results indicated that hope and academic achievement reciprocally related to one another. Bootstrap analyses of the indirect effects rev...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
ConclusionsTB can have varied presentation and therefore it is essential to keep tubercular infection in differential diagnosis while working up for any infective pathology. Conservative treatment produces good results in vast majority of cases. Surgery is reserved for select indications.
Source: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Authors: Huang M, Tian Y, He M, Liu J, Ren L, Gong Y, Peng F, Wang Y, Ding Z, Wang J, Zhu J, Xu Y, Liu Y, Li L, Lu Y Abstract Aim: To assess the cost-effectiveness of crizotinib verses platinum-based doublet chemotherapy as the first-line treatment for Anaplastic Lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the real-world setting. Methods: Data from 163 advanced ALK positive NSCLC patients were collected from West China Hospital, Sichuan University (Chengdu, China). They were categorized into two groups as treated with crizotinib (n = 83) or chemotherapy (n = 80) as a fir...
Source: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Comp Eff Res Source Type: research
Conclusions: Rainfall induced cycling of pH and calcium in soils plays a plausible role in amplifying spore load and persistence in endemic anthrax zones. Observed evidence of B. anthracis favoring soil alkalinity and high soil calcium levels in the environment were linked to physiological conditions that promote bacterial growth, survival, toxin secretion and spore formation; illustrating the utility of bringing laboratory-based (controlled) microbiology experiments into the fold of zoonotic disease ecology.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
James McGrane, FAO ECTAD Indonesia Team Leader, at his office in Jakarta. Credit: Kanis Dursin/IPSBy Kanis DursinJAKARTA, Indonesia, Jul 10 2017 (IPS)Poultry farmer Bambang Sutrisno Setiawan had long heard about biosecurity but never gave serious thought to it, even when the highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 forced him to cull thousands of his layer chickens in 2003 and 2009.Eighteen years into the business, however, Bambang, who is called Ilung by friends, is now converting his second farm into a three-zone biosecurity poultry with a strong conviction that it is the only way to save his business amid continued threat...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Asia-Pacific Economy & Trade Featured Food & Agriculture Headlines Health Projects avian flu biosafety Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Improving the lives of rural populations: better nutrition & agricultu Source Type: news
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