Medical News Today: BMI calculators and charts
Body mass index or BMI is one way to see if a person can see if they are is underweight, if their weight is appropriate, or if they have excess weight. Use these calculators to check your BMI.
Authors: Hu H, Yuan G, Wang X, Sun J, Gao Z, Zhou T, Yin W, Cai R, Ye X, Wang Z Abstract Angiopoietin-like protein 8 (ANGPTL8) is a newly discovered adipokine plays an important role in energy homoeostasis, obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Although lifestyle modification in obesity and T2D is known to offer metabolic benefits, there is paucity of comprehensive data on change in ANGPTL8. We investigated the effect of lifestyle intervention on ANGPTL8 concentrations. 384 obese/overweight adults with newly diagnosed T2D were randomly assigned (1:1:1) to diet (n = 128), diet + activity (n = 128) or usual care (contro...
CONCLUSIONS: The severity of NAFLD is associated with the risk of urolithiasis among NAFLD patients. Moreover, a three-variable model (obesity, APRI score, serum uric acid) could serve as a useful tool for identifying individuals at high risk for urolithiasis in patients with NAFLD. PMID: 30430908 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
People with the greatest need for weight-loss surgery -- the standard of care for severe obesity -- may have the least access and opportunity to receive treatment, a new study suggests.
Eder Orlando M éndez-Salazar, María Guadalupe Ortiz-López, María de los Ángeles Granados-Silvestre, Berenice Palacios-González, Marta Menjivar
Being statistically obese, but not simply overweight, was tied to a 27 percent increase in the odds of dying within the study period, according to new research from Boston University.
In this study, the effects of copy numbers of lycopene synthesis genes, a variety of key central metabolic genes (especially AMP deaminase-encoding gene AMPD), and 5-L fermenter cultivation on lycopene production in Y. lipolytica were investigated and the engineered strains with significantly enhanced lycopene content (46-60 mg/g DCW) were achieved. It is therefore possible to make use of the obtained strains to meet the industrial demand of lycopene production on the basis of further genetic and process optimization.
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2018Source: Molecular Aspects of MedicineAuthor(s): Joseph M. Pappachan, Cornelius J. Fernandez, Elias C. ChackoAbstractThe prevalence of “diabesity” – diabetes related to obesity – has increased tremendously over the past few decades because of the global obesity epidemic. Although bariatric surgery is the best treatment option for patients with diabesity, a majority of patients are managed only with antidiabetic drugs for various reasons. Diabetes control with antidiabetic agents may affect diabesity outcomes positively or negatively because of their ...
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2018Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of DiseaseAuthor(s): Joya E. Nahon, Menno Hoekstra, Vanessa van Harmelen, Patrick C.N. Rensen, Ko Willems van Dijk, Sander Kooijman, Miranda Van EckAbstractObjectiveProteoglycan 4 (Prg4) has emerged from human association studies as a possible factor contributing to weight gain, dyslipidemia and insulin resistance. In the current study, we investigated the causal role of Prg4 in controlling lipid and glucose metabolism in mice.MethodsPrg4 knockout (KO) mice and wild-type (WT) littermates were challenged with an ...
Those with disordered eating may respond best to bariatric surgery, whereas those with extreme obesity of early onset may have less weight loss.Medscape Medical News
CONCLUSION: The Solomon Islands presents a unique profile of challenges to surgical practice, including the impact of dengue infection on fitness for surgery, a mobile patient population dispersed across the islands, difficult access to pathology services, and increased length of stay. Despite this, most patients had surgical outcomes equivalent to those in a developed setting. PMID: 30433793 [PubMed - in process]