Effects of L-Carnitine on Mineral Metabolism in the Multicentre, Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo-Controlled CARNIDIAL Trial

Conclusion: L-carnitine supplementation increased calcium and phosphate plasma concentrations with no detected downregulation effect on PTH and FGF23. (Clinical Trial 00322322, May 5, 2006).Am J Nephrol 2018;48:349 –356
Source: American Journal of Nephrology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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Vadadustat is a potential new treatment for anemia in chronic kidney disease -- but what do we know about its impacts in patients receiving hemodialysis?Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Nephrology Journal Article Source Type: news
Conclusions: Higher MCV was associated with higher all-cause, cardiovascular, and infectious mortality in HD patients. Further investigation is necessary to understand the underlying nature of the observed association.Nephron
Source: Nephron - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2018Source: The Lancet HIVAuthor(s): Joseph J Eron, Jean-Daniel Lelievre, Robert Kalayjian, Jihad Slim, Anson K Wurapa, Jeffrey L Stephens, Cheryl McDonald, Eric Cua, Aimee Wilkin, Brigitte Schmied, Mehri McKellar, Stephanie Cox, Sophia R Majeed, Shuping Jiang, Andrew Cheng, Moupali Das, Devi SenGuptaSummaryBackgroundCurrent treatment for HIV-infected individuals with renal failure on haemodialysis frequently requires complex regimens with multiple pills. A daily single-tablet regimen of coformulated elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide is approve...
Source: The Lancet HIV - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractThe serum levels of hepcidin generally increase in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) due to inflammation or a decline in the glomerular filtration rate. However, the differences in the ferrokinetics among dialysis modalities are unclear. We investigated the relationship between serum levels of hepcidin and ferritin among non ‐dialyzed CKD (ND), hemodialysis (HD), and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. We recruited 285 CKD patients (117 ND, 80 HD, and 88 PD patients) and measured the serum levels of hepcidin‐25, ferritin, hemoglobin, iron, transferrin saturation (TSAT), albumin, and high sensitivity C...
Source: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
te; D Abstract BACKGROUND: The use of L-carnitine has been proposed in haemodialysis (HD) when deficiency is present to improve anaemia resistant to erythropoietin stimulating agent, intradialytic hypotension or cardiac failure. We tested the effects of L-carnitine supplementation on parameters of chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder. METHODS: CARNIDIAL was a randomized, double-blinded trial having included 92 incident HD subjects for a 1-year period to receive L-carnitine versus placebo. Determinant factors of C-terminal fibroblast growth factor 23 (cFGF23) and intact FGF23 were studied including Klo...
Source: American Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Am J Nephrol Source Type: research
In conclusion, acupuncture is proved to be beneficial for CKD patients. More research, however, is needed to verify the potential mechanisms. PMID: 30286626 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Chinese Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Chin Med Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundIron deficiency is a common cause of anemia in pediatric patients with hemodialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (CKD-5HD). Ferric pyrophosphate citrate (FPC, Triferic ®) donates iron directly to transferrin, bypassing the reticuloendothelial system and avoiding iron sequestration. Administration of FPC via dialysate or intravenously (IV) may provide a suitable therapeutic option to current IV iron preparations for these patients.MethodsThe pharmacokinetics and safety of FPC administered via dialysate and IV to patients aged
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur findings support the presence of erythropoiesis inhibitory substances in uremic sera. EPO/EPO-R-dependent mechanisms may play a role in inhibiting erythropoiesis. The in vitro bioassay described herein may serve as an indicator of rHuEPO responsiveness which may encourage further investigation of underlying mechanisms of EPO resistance.
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusion: CinnaPoietin ® was proved to be non-inferior to Eprex® in the treatment of anemia in ESRD hemodialysis patients. The trial was registered in Clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03408639).Am J Nephrol 2018;48:251 –259
Source: American Journal of Nephrology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract Some patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) receiving hemodialysis develop erythropoietin-resistant anemia, possibly due to zinc deficiency. The frequency of zinc deficiency in CKD (stages 1-5 and 5D) and CKD improvement via zinc supplementation are not completely verified. Here 500 CKD patients (Stage 1/2, n=100; Stage 3, n=100; Stage 4, n=100, Stage n=5, 100; Stage 5D, n=100) will be recruited to determine the frequency of serum zinc deficiency at each CKD stage. Patients with serum zinc concentrations
Source: Acta Med Okayama - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Acta Med Okayama Source Type: research
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