The Critical Role EMS Plays in Fighting the Flu

Influenza has been impacting public health on a global scale since the beginning of recorded history. Influenza, also known as the “flu,” has numerous organizations committed to public health research, developing vaccines, and educating best practices preparing for the upcoming flu season. By gaining an understanding of the flu through history, virology, and how it impacts our society, we can have a better appreciation for the commitment that’s involved with combating the flu. What Is Influenza (and What’s Not)? The eyes of an epidemiologist can twitch for a variety of reasons, one of them being when someone says they have the “stomach flu.” In reality, influenza is an acute respiratory disease caused by the influenza virus. Symptoms usually include fever, a non-productive cough, headache, sore throat, muscle aches, and fatigue.1 The “stomach flu” is most likely gastroenteritis, commonly caused by the norovirus; a virus which causes symptoms such as cramping, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea and is also highly contagious.1 The U.S. sees about 20 million norovirus-related illnesses each year.2 Alternatively, another similar ailment during flu season is the garden-variety common cold. Although both the flu and cold are respiratory illnesses, the flu usually has more severe and sudden onset of symptoms while the common cold usually includes a gradual onset of symptoms such as sneezing, head congestion and a sore throat. Self-diagnosi...
Source: JEMS Operations - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Exclusive Articles Operations Source Type: news

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We reported earlier about nano-formulation of tetracycline through its entrapment within calcium-phosphate nano-particle (CPNP) and about killing of pathogenic bacterium Shigella flexnari 2a, resistant to tetracycline (and 9 other antibiotics), by the nanonized antibiotic (Tet-CPNP). Here, we report on therapeutic role of Tet-CPNP against deadly diarrheal disease ‘shigellosis’ in mice, caused by Shigella infection. Our findings revealed that occurrence of mushy-stool excretion, colon-length shortening, weight-loss and bacterial colonization in gastrointestinal tract of mice due to shigellosis was significantly ...
Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2018Source: Materials LettersAuthor(s): Junfei Ou, Bo Wu, Mingshan Xue, Fajun WangAbstractAg+ ions were incorporated to the PET fabric by simple alternative immersion into the aqueous solution of AgNO3 and tannin acid (TA) via coordination between them. After 5 cycles, the (TA/Ag+)5 sample was fabricated and the washing durability as well as antibacterial activity was investigated. After 30 cycles of accelerated washing, the loaded Ag+ ions decreased from 5.0 wt. % to 2.2 wt. %. The retained Ag+ ions made the sample highly antibacterial against S. aureus (99.99 ± 0.03 %...
Source: Materials Letters - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
FDA approved Aemcolo (rifamycin), an antibacterial drug indicated for the treatment of adult patients with travelers ’ diarrhea caused by noninvasive strains of Escherichia coli (E. coli), not complicated by fever or blood in the stool.
Source: Food and Drug Administration - Category: American Health Source Type: news
Authors: Oshakbayev K, Bimbetov B, Manekenova K, Bedelbayeva G, Mustafin K, Dukenbayeva B Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the fast weight loss method on liver steatosis, fibrosis, inflammation, glycemic and lipids features and body composition in patients with severe Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) and Type 2 Diabetes (T2D). METHODS: A 24-week open prospective randomised controlled clinical trial including 80 adult patients (aged 40-65 years) was performed. The patients after randomisation were divided in two groups: Main group followed the fast weight loss method; Control group receive...
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
Past-month use of e-cigarettes among high schoolers skyrocketed nearly 80% since 2017, and among middle schoolers, nearly 50%, according to the 2018 National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYST). Theresults were published Thursday in theMorbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.E-cigarettes (electronic cigarettes) are battery-powered devices that heat and vaporize a liquid containing nicotine that is derived from tobacco and typically, fruit or candy flavors. In 2018, just over 1 in 5 high schoolers (3.05 million students) and 1 in 20 middle schoolers (570,000 students) reported using e-cigarettes in the past 30 days.The considerable i...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alex Azar E-cigarettes JUUL menthol cigarettes Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report National Youth Tobacco Survey Source Type: research
We describe here that pre-exposure with a live virus generated via a A/WSN/1933(H1N1) reverse genetics system resulted in a significant reduction of viral shedding from pigs exposed to either a swine H1N1 virus or a swine H3N2 virus. At 3-day post challenge (DPC), approximately 1 log and 1.5 logs reductions of viral shedding were observed in the swine H1N1- and H3N2-challenged vaccinated pigs when compared to unvaccinated animals. A further decline in viral load was observed at 5 DPC where viral shedding was decreased by greater than 3 logs in vaccinated pigs receiving either the H1N1 or H3N2 virus challenge. Although the ...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Mechanical inspiration and expiration exercise had a therapeutic effect on velopharyngeal incompetence in subacute stroke patients with dysphagia. This therapy is easy to provide clinically and could be a useful therapeutic strategy for velo-pharyngeal incompetence with dysphagia in patients with stroke. PMID: 30426133 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2018Source: Journal of Physics and Chemistry of SolidsAuthor(s): Anukorn Phuruangrat, Sineenat Siri, Paweena Wadbu, Somchai Thongtem, Titipun ThongtemAbstractZnO flowers with different Ag contents were successfully synthesized by a simple microwave method. Phase and morphologies of heterostructure Ag/ZnO composites were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The results showed that heterostructure Ag/ZnO composites were composed of face centered cubic Ag supported on hexagonal ZnO...
Source: Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2018Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Ji-Hong Bong, Jiyun Kim, Ga-Yeon Lee, Jun-Hee Park, Tae-Hun Kim, Min-Jung Kang, Jae-Chul PyunAbstractIn this work, the gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli strain BL21(DE3) (with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in its outer membrane) and its modified ClearColi™ strain (lacking LPS) were used for the separation of anti-LPS antibodies from human serum by the following steps: (1) binding of the serum proteins to BL21(DE3); (2) dissociation of the bound proteins (including anti-LPS antibodies) from BL21(DE3) with acid; (3) fil...
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2018Source: Molecular Aspects of MedicineAuthor(s): Joseph M. Pappachan, Cornelius J. Fernandez, Elias C. ChackoAbstractThe prevalence of “diabesity” – diabetes related to obesity – has increased tremendously over the past few decades because of the global obesity epidemic. Although bariatric surgery is the best treatment option for patients with diabesity, a majority of patients are managed only with antidiabetic drugs for various reasons. Diabetes control with antidiabetic agents may affect diabesity outcomes positively or negatively because of their ...
Source: Molecular Aspects of Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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