Mild cognitive impairment in long-term brain tumor survivors following brain irradiation

ConclusionTwo-thirds of post-RT brain tumor survivors met NIA-AA criteria for MCI. This taxonomy may be useful when applied to brain tumor survivors because it defines cognitive phenotypes that may be differentially associated with course, treatment response, and risk factor profiles.
Source: Journal of Neuro-Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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This study examined how two aesthetic features of infographics affect people's evaluation of information presented in infographic: colour and visual complexity. The findings suggested colour and visual complexity were both strong predictors of information evaluation in infographic and they should be chosen carefully in the design of infographics. PMID: 31014148 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine - Category: Information Technology Tags: J Vis Commun Med Source Type: research
In conclusion, it was identified that silencing of miR‑193a‑3p through hypermethylation can promote HER2 positive breast cancer progress by targeting GRB7, ERK1/2 and FOXM1 signaling. The function of miR‑193a‑3p in HER2 positive breast cancer implicates its potential application in therapy. PMID: 31017268 [PubMed - in process]
Source: International Journal of Molecular Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Int J Mol Med Source Type: research
MicroRNA‑576‑3p inhibits the migration and proangiogenic abilities of hypoxia‑treated glioma cells through hypoxia‑inducible factor‑1α. Int J Mol Med. 2019 Jun;43(6):2387-2397 Authors: Hu Q, Liu F, Yan T, Wu M, Ye M, Shi G, Lv S, Zhu X Abstract The most common and aggressive type of brain cancer in adults is glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), and hypoxia is a common feature of glioblastoma. As the histological features of glioma include capillary endothelial cell proliferation, they are highly prone to invading the surrounding normal brain tissue, which is often one of the reasons for the ...
Source: International Journal of Molecular Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Int J Mol Med Source Type: research
Detection of N6‑methyladenosine modification residues (Review). Int J Mol Med. 2019 Jun;43(6):2267-2278 Authors: Zhu W, Wang JZ, Xu Z, Cao M, Hu Q, Pan C, Guo M, Wei JF, Yang H Abstract Among a number of mRNA modifications, N6‑methyladenosine (m6A) modification is the most common type in eukaryotes and nuclear‑replicating viruses. m6A has a significant role in numerous cancer types, including leukemia, brain tumors, liver cancer, breast cancer and lung cancer. Although m6A methyltransferases are essential during RNA modifications, the biological functions of m6A and the underlying mechanisms rem...
Source: International Journal of Molecular Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Int J Mol Med Source Type: research
In conclusion, IL‑18 served a dual function in colitis by regulating the function of goblet cells. The anti‑inflammatory effects of IL‑18 were observed in the early stage of colitis‑induced inflammation, while the pro‑inflammatory effects were observed in the later stages of the disease. PMID: 31017261 [PubMed - in process]
Source: International Journal of Molecular Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Int J Mol Med Source Type: research
Abstract Mitochondria are crucial for neuronal cell survival and death through their functions in ATP production and the intrinsic pathway of apoptosis. Mitochondrial dysfunction is considered to play a central role in several serious human diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease and ischemic neurodegeneration. The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of transient global brain ischemia on the expression of selected proteins involved in mitochondrial dynamics and mitochondria‑associated membranes. The main foci of interest were the proteins mit...
Source: International Journal of Molecular Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Int J Mol Med Source Type: research
In conclusion, in the Framingham Heart Study population, in the last 30 years, disease duration in persons with dementia has decreased. However, age-adjusted mortality risk has slightly decreased after 1977-1983. Consequences of such trends on dementia prevalence should be investigated. Recent Research on the Benefits of Exercise in Later Life https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2018/04/recent-research-on-the-benefits-of-exercise-in-later-life/ A sizable body of work points to the ability of older individuals to continue to obtain benefits through regular physical activity, and particularly in the case ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, CAVD is highly prevalent. Long understood as a passive process, it is now known to be complex and one which involves pathophysiological mechanisms similar to those of atherosclerosis. Understanding these mechanisms could help to establish new therapeutic targets that might allow us to halt or at least slow down the progression of the disease. Early Steps in the Tissue Engineering of Intervertebral Discs https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2017/08/early-steps-in-the-tissue-engineering-of-intervertebral-discs/ In this paper, researchers report on progress towards the manufacture of interver...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Each year, the SENS Research Foundation accepts a group of young life science academics and puts them to work on projects in aging research, both at the foundation and in allied laboratories, creating ties between research groups that can help to advance the state of the art. This year's batch has worked on a diverse set of projects that spread out beyond core SENS initiatives such as allotopic expression of mitochondrial genes. Reading through their projects is a reminder that a great deal can be accomplished these days given a small team, a little funding, and an equipped laboratory. Progress in medical research is no lo...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Healthy Life Extension Community Source Type: blogs
(SPIE--International Society for Optics and Photonics) Researchers at the University of Washington in Seattle have demonstrated a noninvasive light-based imaging technology enabling study of the living brain and providing a new tool to study how diseases like dementia, Alzheimer's, and brain tumors change brain tissue over time. The work is reported today in the Journal of Biomedical Optics, published by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news
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