Inhibition, shifting and updating in relation to psychometric intelligence across ability groups in the psychiatric population

ConclusionsResults support a specific role for shifting in this EF –intelligence relation. The correlational pattern of updating and intelligence, as well as the differential relation of shifting and intelligence across ability groups, suggests that EF tasks may not measure distinct EFs in lower intellectual ability but rely on cognitive primitives such as proces sing speed. EF tasks can be considered less valid indicators of EF ability. Implications in terms of the need for development of specific tasks to measure cognition in low intellectual ability are discussed.
Source: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research - Category: Disability Authors: Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

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Sufficient Lumbar Lateral Recess Decompression Acquired by Undercutting "Superior Articular Process Neck" Plus Intervertebral Disk Annuloplasty in Percutaneous Transforaminal Endoscopic Surgery. Med Sci Monit. 2020 Apr 03;26:e921119 Authors: Liu X, Peng Y, Pei L, Zhu Y Abstract BACKGROUND Percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic surgery has been used as a surgical measure for lumbar lateral recess stenosis. However, the necessary decompressive range has never been clearly documented in detail. Here, we discuss the effectiveness of a percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic procedure with clearly ...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Authors: Poszepczyński J, Andrzejewski K, Rokicki R, Krzymiński M, Grabowski R, Lesman J, Domżalski M Abstract A talus fracture accompanied by trochlear dislocation is an ever-present therapeutic problem as it requires immediate surgery since any delay may result in necrosis of soft tissues and the talus, which, consequently, leads to permanent disability. Of crucial importance in the treatment of such injury is accurate analysis of fracture morphology, immediate institution of treatment and minimally invasive surgery allowing early movement of the affected limb. We operated on a male patient after a high-energy...
Source: Ortopedia Traumatologia Rehabilitacja - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Ortop Traumatol Rehabil Source Type: research
People with learning disabilities have been told by GP surgeries they are unlikely to be prioritised for hospital care if they contract covid-19, because they could be too “frail”.
Source: HSJ - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
Conclusions: CRF denervation of the SIJ can safely elicit pain and disability relief, and reduce opioid use, regardless of intervention success. Future studies may support CRF denervation as a dependable therapy to alleviate opioid use in patients with SIJ-derived LBP and show that opioid use measurements can be a surrogate indicator of pain. PMID: 32235019 [PubMed]
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research
Authors: Pinals DA, Callahan L Abstract The sequential intercept model (SIM) is used to reduce the penetration of persons with mental illness and substance use disorders in the criminal legal system. Its framework recommends identifying individuals with mental illness at various decision points of criminal case processing, from arrest to return from incarceration, so that they can be diverted toward treatment rather than permeate deeper into the criminal justice system. Communities frequently use the model to augment and inform jail diversion services. Despite the model's widespread adoption, individuals with serio...
Source: Psychiatric Services - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Serv Source Type: research
Authors: Andrade C Abstract Many observational studies have found an association between antidepressant drug prescription during pregnancy and neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and intellectual disability. The results of such studies cannot be considered conclusive because of the possible presence of inadequately measured, unmeasured, and unknown confounds. In this context, maternal anemia before or at but not after 30 weeks of gestation was recently associated with an increased risk of all 3 of these neurodevelopmental disorders. Additionally, ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: A short-term, lay-coach-facilitated Tele-BA is a promising intervention for the growing numbers of homebound older adults lacking social connectedness. The intervention holds promise for scalability in programs that already serve homebound older adults. More research is needed to solidify the clinical evidence base, cost-effectiveness and sustainability of Tele-BA delivered by lay coaches for homebound and other older adults. PMID: 32238297 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research
Among the first American workers to raise the alarm about a potential COVID-19 pandemic were flight attendants. In late January, as the virus spread outside the Chinese province of Hubei, airline crews staffing international flights to Asia began expressing concerns, asking for disinfection supplies and permission to self-quarantine if they thought they had been exposed. “We were begging to be allowed to wear masks,” one flight attendant for a major U.S. airline tells TIME. Two months later, as flight crews remain on the front lines of the fight against the virus, they fear airlines’ failure to heed their...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news
ConclusionsPLEX is a safe and effective treatment for acute attacks of DDCNS. EDSS score at admission and early clinical improvement with PLEX were factors associated with good response to PLEX.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractPrevious studies demonstrated the benefits of motor exercise and physical activity in neuromuscular disorders. However, very few papers assessed the effects of sport practise. The aim of this multicentre study was to assess the impact of sport activity on self-esteem and emotional regulation in a cohort of athletes with neuromuscular disorders. The 38 patients with Duchenne, Becker or other types of muscular dystrophy or spinal muscular atrophy practising sport (aged 13 –49 years) and 39 age-, gender-, disability- and disease-matched patients not practising sport were enrolled. Testing procedures to asse...
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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