The health economics of cancer screening in Germany: Which population-based interventions are cost-effective?

[The health economics of cancer screening in Germany: Which population-based interventions are cost-effective?] Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz. 2018 Nov 05;: Authors: Schlander M, Cheng CY, Ran T Abstract Only a small proportion of German health expenditure is spent on prevention and early detection (screening). The rationale for screening is to identify persons with disease precursors or at the early stage of diseases when they are still asymptomatic, in order to decrease disease-specific morbidity and mortality. In Germany, the economic evidence is one of the evaluation criteria for screening measures, which, among other things, takes into account the additional cost per additional case detected or per case-related event avoided, as well as a cost-benefit balance.For this purpose, cost-effectiveness analyses, which report marginal or incremental cost effectiveness ratios, comparing a measure with its appropriate alternatives, may be a useful tool. Their application requires a defensible benchmark (threshold) for cost effectiveness and a supplementary analysis of the necessary infrastructure and the budgetary impact associated with program implementation. Also (albeit not only) because of the usually long time required to observe the clinical outcomes of a screening measure, the economic evaluation of such programs regularly involves the application of decision analytic simulation models....
Source: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz Source Type: research

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