Patients with Acute Lacunar Infarction Have Benefit from Intravenous Thrombolysis

Introduction: Usefulness of intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute lacunar cerebral infarction is questionable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous thrombolysis in patients with lacunar infarction in comparison with patients with nonlacunar infarction as well as with patients with lacunar infarction who were not treated with intravenous thrombolysis. Materials and methods: In the first part of the study, among patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with intravenous thrombolysis, characteristics and outcomes of 46 patients with lacunar and 221 patients with nonlacunar infarction were compared.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research

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Conditions:   Stroke, Ischemic;   Cardiovascular Risk Factor;   Cardiovascular Diseases;   Cardiovascular Morbidity Intervention:   Sponsor:   University of Thessaly Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
CONCLUSION: Berberine treatment improved short-term memory in hyperlipidemia by increasing neuronal proliferation and inhibiting neuronal apoptosis. Berberine treatment also improved lipid metabolism. PMID: 31795609 [PubMed]
Source: International Neurourology Journal - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Int Neurourol J Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 4 December 2019Source: Interdisciplinary NeurosurgeryAuthor(s): Zhihui Deng, John DavisAbstractThere is evidence of disrupted cerebral blood flow in patients with a skull defect due to decompressive craniectomy though the pathophysiologic mechanism is yet to be established. Here we report on a patient who suffered one episode of transient ischemic attack (TIA) when developing early stage sinking skin flap syndrome (SSFS) post decompressive craniectomy due to a severe traumatic brain injury. This case report of TIA as a clinical presentation of SSFS indicating a potentially increased risk ...
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn AF patients who survived an ICH, restarting OAC was not associated with a greater risk of recurrent ICH. Evidence from randomized controlled studies is needed to further clarify the clinical benefit of restarting OAC in this high-risk population. Further evaluation of which individuals benefit from restarting OAC is also needed to provide more clinical guidance.
Source: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
This study investigated the utility of MRI as a predictive measure of clinical and functional outcomes when a stroke intervention is withheld or provided, in order to identify biomarkers for stroke functional outcome under these conditions. Fifteen MRI and ninety functional parameters were measured in a middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) porcine ischemic stroke model. Multiparametric analysis of correlations between MRI measurements and functional outcome was conducted. Acute axial and coronal midline shift (MLS) at 24 h post-stroke were associated with decreased survival and recovery measured by modified Rankin scale...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Although a big step forward that will benefit many patients has been taken with recent trials, many questions remain unanswered. Pending results from further studies, decision-making regarding management of patients with PFO-associated ischaemic stroke should be based on a close coordination between neurologists/stroke specialists and cardiologists. PMID: 31787326 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue Neurologique - Category: Neurology Tags: Rev Neurol (Paris) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 3 December 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Fabian J Brunner, Christoph Waldeyer, Francisco Ojeda, Veikko Salomaa, Frank Kee, Susana Sans, Barbara Thorand, Simona Giampaoli, Paolo Brambilla, Hugh Tunstall-Pedoe, Marie Moitry, Licia Iacoviello, Giovanni Veronesi, Guido Grassi, Ellisiv B Mathiesen, Stefan Söderberg, Allan Linneberg, Hermann Brenner, Philippe Amouyel, Jean FerrièresSummaryBackgroundThe relevance of blood lipid concentrations to long-term incidence of cardiovascular disease and the relevance of lipid-lowering therapy for cardiovascular disease outcomes is unclear....
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) have been proposed for benchmarking health care quality across hospitals, which requires extensive case-mix adjustment. The current study ’s aim was to develop and comp...
Source: BMC Medical Research Methodology - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
ConclusionBaseline cut off thrombus appearance predicts a  higher number of thrombectomy maneuvers. In day to day practice this may prepare the neurointerventionalist for a more challenging endovascular procedure ahead. Stroke etiology, clinical outcomes and thrombus-specific characteristics did not show any associations with the thrombus appearance.
Source: Klinische Neuroradiologie - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: A number of epidemiological studies have reported that decreased serum bilirubin, an endogenous antioxidant, is associated with cardiovascular disease. However, previous Mendelian randomization analyses conducted using a single sample have shown no evidence of association. Approach and Results: A 2-sample summary Mendelian randomization study was performed by obtaining exposure and outcome data from separate nonoverlapping samples. We utilized data from the KoGES (Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study; n=25 406) and KCPS-II (Korean Cancer Prevention Study-II; n=14 541) biobank for serum bilirubi...
Source: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol Source Type: research
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