Failed Sleeve Gastrectomy: Single Anastomosis Duodenoileal Bypass or Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass? A Multicenter Cohort Study

AbstractBackgroundSleeve gastrectomy (SG) has become the most performed bariatric procedure to induce weight loss worldwide. Unfortunately, a significant portion of patients show insufficient weight loss or weight regain after a few years.ObjectiveTo investigate the effectiveness of the single anastomosis duodenoileal (SADI) bypass versus the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on health outcomes in morbid obese patients who had undergone SG previously, with up to 2  years of follow-up.MethodsFrom 2007 to 2017, 140 patients received revisional laparoscopic surgery after SG in four specialized Dutch bariatric hospitals. Data was analyzed retrospectively and included comparisons for indication of surgery, vitamin/mineral deficiencies, and complications; divided into short-, medium-term. To compare weight loss, linear regression and linear mixed models were used.ResultsConversion of a SG to SADI was performed in 66 patients and to RYGB in 74 patients. For patients in which additional weight loss was the main indication for surgery, SADI achieved 8.7%, 12.4%, and 19.4% more total body weight loss at 6, 12, and 24  months compared to RYGB (allp 
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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AbstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between bariatric surgery (laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy [LSG] and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass [LRYGB]) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The number of obese patients with newly onset, worsened, or improved GERD after bariatric surgery in each article were extracted. In the pooled analysis, LSG was associated with a higher risk of GERD than LRYGB (odds ratio [OR] = 5.10, 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.60 –7.23,p
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a commonly performed bariatric procedure in obesity management. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in this population has reported rates of 23-100% GERD after LSG . GERD after LSG has been noted with recent studies demonstrating de novo reflux or symptom exacerbation despite weight loss. Fundoplication is not an option, and medically refractory GERD after LSG is usually treated with conversion to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). This video demonstrates the placement of a magnetic sphincter augmentation device after LSG as an alternative to conversion to RYGB.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Obesity is a global health epidemic with considerable economic burden. Surgical solutions have become increasingly popular following technical advances leading to sustained efficacy and reduced risk. Sleeve gastrectomy accounts for almost half of all bariatric surgeries worldwide but concerns regarding its relationship with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has been a topic of debate. GERD, including erosive esophagitis, is highly prevalent in the obese population. The role of pre-operative endoscopy in bariatric surgery has been controversial. Two schools of thought exist on the matter, one that bel...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
This study aimed to assess practice patterns regarding concomitant HH repair (HHR) during laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). The incidence of concomitant HHR with LSG or LRYGB was analyzed using the 2015 Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program database. One hundred thirty thousand, seven hundred seventy-two patients underwent RYGB (30.5%) and LSG (69.5%). Concomitant HHR was more common, despite less GERD, in SG patients compared to RYGB (21.0% vs 10.8%,p 
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) placement is a safe and efficacious treatment for morbid obesity, however this procedure can result in insufficient weight loss or long term weight regain [1,2]. In addition, some patients experience intolerable chronic symptoms such as epigastric pain or intractable acid reflux due to band migration.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original research Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur results showed that primary LSG is a durable primary bariatric procedure with sustained weight loss and a high resolution of comorbidities at 10  years, but about half the patients had de novo GERD. The need for conversion to RYGB was 16.9% at 10 years.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsIsolated LSG provides fairly good effects in a long-term follow-up with mean %EWL at 51.1%. Sixteen percent of patients require additional surgery due to insufficient weight loss. More than half of the subjects observe improvement in AHT and T2DM. Over half of the patients complain of GERD symptoms, which in most of the cases is a de novo complaint.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study aims to assess differences in practice patterns regarding concomitant HH repair during laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB).
Source: Journal of the American College of Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Scientific forum Source Type: research
Inadequate weight loss, weight regain, anatomical problems and worsening comorbidities are indications for revisional bariatric surgery. The laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) and the laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) are both restrictive procedures that may cause severe gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). Severe GERD after restrictive procedures can be effectively treated by conversion to laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). Rates of revisional surgery have increased over the last few years.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsThere is widespread variation in access to surgery and in baseline patient characteristics in the countries submitting data to the IFSO Global Registry.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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