Neurocognitive sequela of burn injury in the elderly
Publication date: Available online 3 November 2018Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Aimalohi Esechie, Anish Bhardwaj, Todd Masel, Mukaila RajiAbstractElderly individuals are a fast-rising segment of the US population and are at high risk of permanent disability and premature death secondary to traumatic injuries such as burn injury. The current paper will review the extant literature to understand the prevalence of burn injury in the elderly, the neurocognitive complications unique to the aged that places this cohort at risk, and evidence-based recommendations to reduce the early and late neurocognitive effects of burn injury in the aged. The elderly are a high-risk population for burn injury and its neurological sequela. This risk, at least in part, reflects multiple factors: age-related changes in the central and peripheral nervous system; multiple pre-existing co-morbidities (such as dementia and COPD); polypharmacy; suboptimal social support; and increased susceptibility to hypothermia, burn-related infections, and electrolyte and metabolic dysregulations.
PMID: 31810434 [PubMed - in process]
PMID: 31810433 [PubMed - in process]
Visual hallucinations (VHs) are common in patients with Parkinson disease (PD), especially those with dementia, whereas auditory hallucinations are quite rare. Recent studies have revealed the involvement of several regions along the visual information-pro...
INTRODUCTION: The negative impact of inhalation injuries on in-hospital outcomes for burn patients is well known, but the burns community is yet to form a consensus on diagnostic criteria and clinical definitions. The diagnosis of inhalation injuries is co...
An experienced trust chief executive has been chosen to lead a national taskforce group charged with improving inpatient mental health, learning disability and autism services for young people.
Authors: Li S, Ou Y, Li C, Wei W, Lei L, Zhang Q Abstract Acute spinal cord injury (SCI) has a high rate of disability and mortality. Although secondary SCI results in local tissue hypoxia and the release of inflammatory mediators, it is both controllable and reversible. Therefore, timely rehabilitation treatment is beneficial for the partial recovery of patients with SCI. The present study aimed to investigate the use of methylprednisolone combined with high-frequency electrotherapy as a method of rehabilitation treatment in rats with SCI. The rat SCI model was prepared using the modified Allen's method with the a...
Qatar Foundation for Social Work (QFSW) launches the Doha Declaration at the closing ceremony of the Doha International Conference on Disability and Development (DICDD)
Conclusions &discussion: This paper is designed as a guideline and instruction manual to help those with less experience through particular situations in surgical burn care. Early excision and immediate coverage of the burn wounds represent nowadays the standard care for extensive burned patients. For patients with massive thermal injury, temporary coverage with allografts is essential. The use of allograft has multiple benefits because it plays both as physiologic and mechanical barriers. PMID: 31803300 [PubMed]
Discussion: The wheelchair particularities that we pursue, and which are distinguished from the other models, is the fact that the wheelchair is powered, pliable and allows verticalization, hopefully at a price comparable or even lower than the current state of the art models (but none of them succeeded by now to fulfil all this three basic functions on a single "all in one" such device). Hence, if our optimized prototype will achieve technical and clinical validation, this will result in a significant enhancement of autonomy and QoL for the users. PMID: 31803294 [PubMed]
Publication date: 1 January 2020Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, Volume 185Author(s): Furqan A. Maulvi, Lakshmi V. Pillai, Kajal P. Patel, Ankita R. Desai, Manish R. Shukla, Ditixa T. Desai, Hetal P. Patel, Ketan M. Ranch, Shailesh A. Shah, Dinesh O. ShahAbstractLidocaine is widely used as a local anaesthetic in the clinical practice to manage pre- and post-operative pain, skin burns, etc. However, the short duration of action (