Plantago major protects against cisplatin-induced renal dysfunction and tissue damage in rats.

This study revealed that P. major extract in a dose-dependent manner provides protection against renal damage induced by cisplatin. PMID: 30381501 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

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This study aims to evaluate the prognostic significance of the AKI criteria in cirrhotic patients hospitalized for acute decompensation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study. AKI was defined as an increase in creatinine (Cr) levels ≥ 0.3 mg/dL in 48 h or ≥ 50% of the basal value in the last 7d. AKI was divided into stages 1 (elevation: 3x). RESULTS: In this study, 227 patients aged 53.9 ± 11.5 years were included, of whom 37% had AKI (28% AKI1, 5% AKI2, and 4% AKI3). Thirty percent of the patients died or were transplanted within 90 days from causes related to the presence of ascite...
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
We report our experience employing a steroid-free, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor –based immunosuppression regimen in pancreas transplantation and review literature germane to the use of this regimen.Recent FindingsIn our experience, using mTOR inhibitor –based, steroid-free immunosuppression with low-dose cyclosporine and anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) induction in 309 combined kidney/pancreas transplants resulted in one-year patient survival and death censored graft survivals of 95.8%, 93.5% (pancreas), and 96.1% (kidney). The biopsy-proven acute rejection incidence was 15.2% at 1 year. De...
Source: Current Transplantation Reports - Category: Transplant Surgery Source Type: research
Context: The increasing need for kidney grafts has led to a progressive expansion in the selection criteria for deceased and living donors (LDs). While concerns regarding the use of organs from suboptimal deceased donors relate to the quality of the graft, donation from “marginal” LDs may pose potential harm to the donor.Subject of Review: Living kidney donation is a safe procedure, but is associated with a small risk of end-stage kidney disease in the long- term. When elderly subjects and those with comorbidities are considered, long-term post-donation data are missing, making decisions regarding donation from...
Source: Nephron - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThree-dimensional printing shows revolutionary potentials for patient counseling, pre- and intraoperative surgical planning, and education in urology. Together with the “patient-tailored” presurgical planning, it puts the basis for 3D-bioprinting technology. Although costs and “production times” remain the major concerns, this kind of technology may represent a step forward to meet patients’ and surgeons’ expectations.Patient summaryThree-dimensional printing has been used for several purposes to help the surgeon better understand anatomy, sharpen his/her skills, and guide the...
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
kamoto Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a single-stranded positive-sense RNA virus. HEV can cause both acute and chronic hepatitis, with the latter usually occurring in immunocompromised patients. Modes of transmission range from the classic fecal–oral route or zoonotic route, to relatively recently recognized but increasingly common routes, such as via the transfusion of blood products or organ transplantation. Extrahepatic manifestations, such as neurological, kidney and hematological abnormalities, have been documented in some limited cases, typically in patients with immune suppression. HEV has demonstrated ext...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionIdiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fatal interstitial lung disease characterized by variable progression. The prealbumin (PA) is a parameter in a routine blood biochemistry examination. We sought to investigate the prognostic value in IPF patients.ObjectivesTo evaluate the prognosis value in patients with IPF.MethodsBlood biochemistry examination, demographics, pulmonary function data from patients with IPF consulted in Beijing Chao ‐Yang Hospital and China‐Japan Friendship Hospital between July 2012 and December 2016 were collected. Infection, liver and kidney dysfunction and lung transplanta...
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewWe aim to review the current guidelines and emerging data and compare the pros and cons for the use of HCV-positive organs.Recent FindingsSome recent data suggests that the use of HCV-positive livers and kidneys safely increases the organ pool, additionally reducing wait list time, healthcare costs, and mortality.SummaryDespite this therapeutic breakthrough, the demand for organs and waitlist mortality remains high. Every year, thousands of viable hepatitis C-positive organs are discarded. The emerging data regarding transplantation of HCV-positive organs is promising; however, further research is ...
Source: Current Hepatitis Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Owing to long waitlist times and high waitlist morbidity and mortality, strategies to increase utilization of hepatitis C viremic-deceased donor organs are under investigation in kidney, liver, heart, and lung transplantation. RECENT FINDINGS: Direct-acting antiviral medications for hepatitis C virus infection have high cure rates and are well tolerated. Small, single-center trials in kidney and heart transplant recipients have demonstrated that with early posttransplant direct-acting antiviral therapy, 100% of uninfected recipients of hepatitis C viremic organs have been cured of ...
Source: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Curr Opin Organ Transplant Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Scarcity is a defining feature of the modern transplant landscape, and in light of chronic shortages in donor organs, there is cause for concern about geographic inequities in patients' access to lifesaving resources. Recent policy changes designed to ameliorate unequal donor supply and demand have brought new interest to measuring and addressing disparities at all stages of transplant care. The purpose of this review is to describe an overview of recent literature on geographic inequities in transplant access, focusing on kidney, liver, and lung transplantation and the impact of policy...
Source: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Curr Opin Organ Transplant Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Donor-specific antibodies (DSA) detected by solid-phase single-antigen bead (SAB) immunoassays have been associated with antibody-mediated rejection (AMR), cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) and decreased survival after heart transplantation. The clinical relevance of low-level DSA is equivocal. This review examines the techniques used to define low-level DSA, the limitations of these techniques and recent clinical experience crossing low-level DSA. RECENT FINDINGS: Solid-phase multiplex bead immunoassays were introduced to solid-organ transplantation over 15 years ago. These tec...
Source: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Curr Opin Organ Transplant Source Type: research
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