Acute kidney injury in hospitalized patients during muslim pilgrimage (Hajj: 1432).

Acute kidney injury in hospitalized patients during muslim pilgrimage (Hajj: 1432). Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2018 Sep-Oct;29(5):1128-1132 Authors: Elrewihby WH, Hasan NF, Fikry W, Wafa E Abstract Acute kidney injury (AKI) increases mortality and morbidity of hospitalized patients. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of AKI, etiology, and associated risk factors among hospitalized patients during the Hajj time. Also to do comparative analysis for the use of slow continuous therapy versus conventional hemodialysis (HD) therapy on the patient outcome. The study was conducted between September 29 and November 25, 2011, inclusive (Islamic lunar dates Dhu'l-Qa'dah 1 to Dhul-Hijjah 29, 1432) at King Abdul-Aziz Hospital, a 250-bed hospital, in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. From 851 patients of 47 different countries were admitted, 87 (10.2%) patients developed AKI with mean age (±standard deviation) of 60.26 (±9.28) years with a male predominance: men constituted 65 (74.7%) and females 22 (25.3%). The major cause for admission was infections accounted for 51.7% (45 patients) of all the admitting patients who developed AKI. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus were the most common underlying comorbidities, present in 61 (70.1%) and 53 (60.9%) patients, respectively. Only 21 (24.1%) patients who developed AKI required replacement therapy (RRT). Fourteen patients (16.1%) received conventional HD, seven (8%) patients received continuous renal replacement ther...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

Related Links:

Abstract Obesity is a recognized worldwide epidemic with increasing prevalence in developing nations. Studies have shown that obesity is an independent risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) besides its link with diabetes mellitus and hypertension. We evaluated the renal status of obese patients using both the established [creatinine (Cr)] and new (cystatin C) markers of renal function. This was a cross-sectional study. Fifty-nine consenting adults attending the clinic for routine medical checks were recruited for this study. They were divided into obese and non-obese based on their body m...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
Najmi Diabetes and hypertension are the two major causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Epidemiological studies have found poor knowledge about the CKD among the general population. Hence, this study aimed to assess the awareness of CKD among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients in India. Patients with confirmed T2DM were included in the study. Patients receiving dialysis or with a history of a kidney transplant were excluded. A validated questionnaire was used to assess knowledge about CKD. Demographic characteristics were presented using descriptive statistics and trends in groups were calculated using the chi-...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Purpose of review The leading cause of death in both chronic kidney disease (CKD) and renal transplant patients is cardiovascular events. Post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTx-DM), which is a major cardiovascular risk factor, is a metabolic disorder that affects 5.5–60.2% of renal allograft recipients by 1-year posttransplant (PTx). PTx-DM has been associated with a negative impact on patient and graft outcomes and survival. Recent findings Individuals who develop PTx-DM are usually prone to this condition prior to and/or after developing CKD. Genetic factors, obesity, inflammation, medications and CKD all are ...
Source: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: SPECIAL COMMENTARIES Source Type: research
This study aims to determine risk factors for the development of CA in patients undergoing HSCT.Methodology: A retrospective analysis of 138 consecutive patients undergoing HSCT at our institution between January 1st, 2015 and December 31st, 2017 was performed. One patient was excluded due to lack of baseline EKG. Data from patients ≥ 18 y/o who underwent autologous or allogeneic HSCT was analyzed. Variables analyzed included: age, gender, ethnicity, prior HSCT, diagnosis, type of transplant (autologous vs allogeneic), prior anthracycline exposure, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, hypertension, coronary artery...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 721. Clinical Allogeneic Transplantation: Conditioning Regimens, Engraftment, and Acute Transplant Toxicities: Poster II Source Type: research
AbstractThe 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association hypertension guidelines diagnose hypertension if systolic blood pressure (SBP) is  ≥ 130 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) is ≥ 80 mmHg. Increased BP is SBP 120–129 mmHg with DBP 
Source: Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study was performed to evaluate the various etiologies of CKD among patients presenting to the Department of Nephrology, Guwahati Medical College, a tertiary referral center. A total of 5718 CKD patients were evaluated to identify the cause of CKD. The most common cause was found to be diabetes mellitus in 42.2%, followed by chronic glomerulonephritis in 21.4%, hypertension in 19.5%, obstructive uropathy in 6.9%, chronic interstitial nephritis in 3.6%, and autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease in 1.5% of the patients. Nearly 2.7% of the patients had CKD of unknown etiology. Most of the common causes of CKD are ...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
After examining in Part I the general mechanisms of endothelial cell injury in the kidney, the Working Group on Endothelin and Endothelial Factors of the European Society of Hypertension and the Japanese Society of Hypertension will herein review current knowledge on the role of endothelial dysfunction in multiple disease conditions that affect the kidney, including diabetes mellitus, preeclampsia, solid organ transplantation, hyperhomocysteinemia and antiangiogenic therapy in cancer. The few available randomized controlled clinical trials specifically designed to evaluate strategies for correcting endothelial dysfunction ...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: Consensus Documents Source Type: research
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Transplant International - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusion: Most of these interactions have moderate severity and delayed onset, hence the need to follow-up these patients after prescription in order to reduce associated morbidity, mortality, length of hospital stay, and health care cost. Physicians and clinical pharmacists should utilise available interaction software to avoid harmful DDIs in these patients. PMID: 29123429 [PubMed]
Source: Clinical Pharmacology: Advances and Applications - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
Abstract Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in hospitalized patients with mortality varying from 10% to 80%. It is crucial to know the incidence and etiology of AKI to promote prevention strategies. Our study aimed at obtaining a comprehensive review of the pattern and spectrum of patients who presented for emergency hemodialysis to Kasr Al-Aini Hospital between October 2012 and October 2014. We analyzed clinical and laboratory factors in all such patients. Two thousand twenty three patients were included of which patients with AKI were 728 patients (36%). Cardiac diseases were the cause of AKI in 171 patients, o...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
More News: Chronic Kidney Disease | Diabetes | Diabetes Mellitus | Dialysis | Endocrinology | Hemodialysis | Hospitals | Hypertension | Kidney Transplant | Kidney Transplantation | Middle East Health | Saudi Arabia Health | Study | Transplants | Urology & Nephrology