Prevalence of depression and its associated factors among patients of chronic kidney disease in a public tertiary care hospital in India: A cross-sectional study.

Prevalence of depression and its associated factors among patients of chronic kidney disease in a public tertiary care hospital in India: A cross-sectional study. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2018 Sep-Oct;29(5):1165-1173 Authors: Ahlawat R, Tiwari P, D'Cruz S Abstract Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are at high risk of depressive disorders because of considerable psychological stress due to physical and social changes brought on by disease. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of depression in patients with CKD and the factors affecting it at a public tertiary care hospital. This cross-sectional study was carried out at the renal clinic of a tertiary care hospital. Data on 612 patients diagnosed with CKD from September 2014 to April 2016 was obtained. Nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire from PRIME-MD was used to assess the depression. Of all the patients, 55.9% had no depression. Mild depression was found to affect 28.4% of the patients followed by moderate depression, moderately severe, and severe depression (11.8%, 3.8%, and 0.8%, respectively). According to multiple logistic regression, the occurrence of depression was significantly higher with age below 60 years [odds ratio (OR) 1.6, 0.8-2.7; P
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research

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Authors: Achmat G, Leach L, Onagbiye SO Abstract BACKGROUND: Cardiometabolic disease (CMD) risk factors have reached epidemic proportions, with many people at risk of premature disability and death. There is insufficient data regarding the prevalence of CMD risk factors among firefighters in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of CMD risk factors among South African firefighters in the Western Cape Province. Additional outcomes were to determine the relationship between BMI and CMD risk factors among firefighters. METHODS: A total of 219 healthy mal...
Source: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sports Med Phys Fitness Source Type: research
Abstract Organisms can change their environment and in doing so change the selection they experience and how they evolve. Population density is one potential mediator of such interactions because high population densities can impact the ecosystem and reduce resource availability. At present, such interactions are best known from theory and laboratory experiments. Here we quantify the importance of such interactions in nature by transplanting guppies from a stream where they co-occur with predators into tributaries that previously lacked both guppies and predators. If guppies evolve solely because of the immediate ...
Source: The American Naturalist - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Am Nat Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn conclusion, PLDRH is a feasible and safe procedure with a learning curve of 65 –70 cases.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines. A search was performed on Medline, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library to identify relevant articles. Dichotomous and continuous outcomes were analyzed as risk ratio (RR) and mean difference (MD), respectively. All post-operative outcomes were within 30  days after surgery. The quality of studies was assessed using the Newcastle–Ottawa Scale. Meta-regression analysis was conducted to identify sources of heterogeneity.ResultsThree studies totaling 262 subjects compared LS (45.0%) against RS (55.0%) in obese patients. The RS group had a significantly reduce...
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Wu T, Peng J, Meng T, Liu Q, Ao X, Lin W, Yin H, Chen J, Pu J, Peng Z, Peng W, Li X, Xiao X, Zhou Q, Zhong Y, Xiao P Abstract Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN), characterized by rapid kidney dysfunction caused by aggressive glomerulonephritis, is usually associated with crescentic glomerulonephritis (CrGN). In the present study, the data from patients with CrGN were retrospectively analyzed at a tertiary medical center in China with the aim of investigating the clinicopathological features and the association of the type of CrGN with the prognosis. The renal biopsies of 49 patients diagnosed wi...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
A new study examining the role that star-shaped brain cells called astrocytes play in Huntington ’s disease has identified a potential strategy that may halt the disease and repair some of the damage it causes.Astrocytes interact with and support neurons, or nerve cells, and other brain cells. Although astrocytes outnumber neurons, little is known about how they interact with synapses, the junctions between neurons that enable them to communicate and convey messages to each other.The study, led by UCLA researchers and published in the journal Science Translational Medicine, found that Huntington ’s disease dama...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
In conclusion, we show here that sEVs are responsible for mediating paracrine senescence and speculate that they could be involved in inducing bystander senescence during therapy-induced senescence or aging. In fact, when compared to soluble factors, sEVs have different biophysical and biochemical properties as they have a longer lifespan than do soluble factors and they are more resistant to protease degradation. The idea that blocking sEV secretion could be a potential therapeutic approach to alleviate senescence "spreading" during chemotherapy-induced senescence or in aging tissues presents itself as a very at...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 18 April 2019Source: Journal of Sport and Health ScienceAuthor(s): Xin Luan, Xiangyang Tian, Haixin Zhang, Rui Huang, Na Li, Peijie Chen, Ru WangAbstractA growing understanding of the benefits of exercise over the past few decades has prompted researchers to take an interest in the possibilities of exercise therapy. Because each sport has its own set of characteristics and physiological complications that tend to appear during exercise training, the effects and underlying mechanisms of exercise remain unclear. Thus, the first step in probing exercise effects on different diseases is the s...
Source: Journal of Sport and Health Science - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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