From primary maternal preoccupation to dead mother.

FROM PRIMARY MATERNAL PREOCCUPATION TO DEAD MOTHER. Am J Psychoanal. 2018 Oct 31;: Authors: Csillag V Abstract Ferenczi (1929) writes about the unwelcome child who is not ushered into this world with care and grows up in the grip of the death instinct, with a depressive streak and a weakness in the capacity for life. Andre Green's (1986) concept of the dead mother describes a similar phenomenon, by which the image of a loving mother is transformed into an inanimate, dead parent. The absent mother becomes the negative, which will then take up a central position in the child's psyche. Winnicott (1956) describes a different maternal participation, and proposes that towards the end of her pregnancy the ordinary devoted mother develops a psychological condition which he calls primary maternal preoccupation, the main feature of which is the mother's heightened attunement to her baby at the expense of all else. I suggest that there is a potent and clinically relevant connection among these concepts: a depressed or damaged mother can still provide temporary devotion before reverting back to a state of depressive absence and that, conversely, even the devoted mother will eventually recover from the state of primary maternal preoccupation and begin to tend to other matters, and the mother's reclaiming herself can be traumatic for the child even under the best of circumstances. The connection among these concepts is illustrated with clinical material, including tra...
Source: American Journal of Psychoanalysis - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Am J Psychoanal Source Type: research

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The final day of APA ’s Annual Meeting featured an animated, case-based session on ECT and a review of strategies to help prevent suicide in youth. Experts also offered practical guidance on how to treat pregnant women with psychiatric conditions and important insights on why migrant children face a long, slow recover y when they are separated from their families.Look for future coverage of APA ’s 2019 Annual Meeting in upcoming issues ofPsychiatric News.Expert Outlines Practical Tactics Parents, Practitioners Can Use to Help Teens Overcome Suicidal UrgesIncreasing suicide rates among adolescents call for immed...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: deep brain stimulation ECT homelessness Joshua Gordon machine learning migrant children NIMH pregnancy suicide suicide prevention trauma Source Type: research
Law Regular physical activity has been demonstrated to contribute to physical and psychological health. Nevertheless, pregnant women generally exhibit low levels of physical activity. Implementation of interventions that enhance the self-efficacy of pregnant women on increasing physical activity is required. This paper provides an in-depth review of studies reporting the effect of various physical activity interventions dedicated for pregnant women on pregnancy-related issues, including gestational weight gain, pain and depression, physical activity level, and quality of life among these individuals. Five databases ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
By Emma Young Hikikomori is a dark term that describes people who stay holed up in their homes, or even just their bedrooms, isolated from everyone except their family, for many months or years. The phenomenon has captured the popular imagination with many articles appearing in the mainstream media in recent years, but, surprisingly, it isn’t well understood by psychologists.  The condition was first described in Japan, but cases have since been reported in countries as far apart as Oman, Indian, the US and Brazil. No one knows how many hikikomori exist (the term refers both to the condition and the people with ...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Cross-cultural Mental health Source Type: blogs
sanne R. de Rooij Antenatal depression is associated with an increased risk of offspring neuro-developmental disorders, potentially as a consequence of an altered brain development in utero. We hypothesized that reducing maternal depression by Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) during pregnancy may ameliorate the offspring’s brain (micro)structural outcomes. 54 pregnant women with a diagnosed clinical depression were randomly allocated to CBT or Treatment as Usual (TAU), showing moderate to large depression symptom improvements after CBT. In 16 of their children (69% boys, N(TAU) = 8, N(CBT) = 8, mean age = 5...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
We describe the fabrication of an amperometric and non-enzymatic biosensor based on WO3 NBs@GR nanocomposite modified electrode for nanomolar detection of PGT. The results showed that the nanocomposite modified electrode exhibit well-defined electro-oxidation peak compared to bare and control electrodes, demonstrating the superior electrocatalytic ability and performances. The fabricated modified sensor was facilitates the analysis of PGT in the concentration ranges of 0.025-1792.5 µM with a low detection limit of 4.28 nM. Further, the as-prepared WO3 NBs@GR electrode has been applied to determination of PGT in h...
Source: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Ultrason Sonochem Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeThe aim of this study was to assess the association between depressive symptoms and suicidal risk over time among perinatal women at risk for depression antenatally, and assess modifying effects of age, perinatal stage and depressive symptom trajectory.MethodsA total of 384 adult pregnant women were recruited from two antenatal clinics in an informal settlement near Cape Town, South Africa, and followed up at eight months gestation, and at 3- and 12-month postpartum. The MINI 6.0 Suicidality module and the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) were used to measure suicidal risk and depression, respectively...
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Approximately half of women who initially score high on the EPDS when screened in pregnancy only have transient distress in both the second and third trimester. To label these women as being 'possibly depressed', and mixing them with women who show enduring distress, represents a possible weakness in research studies, and may also overburden clinical services. We would therefore recommend, as research and clinical practice, a second administration of the EPDS if a woman initially scores in the distressed range at any stage in pregnancy. PMID: 31096767 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: J Reprod Infant Psychol Source Type: research
In this study, twenty-eight pregnant Wistar rats were divided into four groups and received three-times repeated intraperitoneal injections of normal saline, chrysotile, ascorbic acid and the combination of chrysotile and ascorbic acid on gestational days 11, 14 and 17. The maternal serum levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and prooxidant-antioxidant balance (PAB) and hippocampal MDA content in adult male offspring were measured. At postnatal day (PND) 60, elevated plus maze was performed to determine anxiety-like behavior, also depression-like behavior was examined using a forced swim test at PND 61- 62. Thereafter, the perce...
Source: Behavioural Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Behav Brain Res Source Type: research
Because maternal depressive symptoms and stress during pregnancy are strongly associated with poor health of the mother and the developing child, understanding the predictors of women ’s mental health problems ...
Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
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