Insect Repellents: An Updated Review for the Clinician

Malaria, Zika virus, West Nile virus, Dengue fever, and Lyme disease are common causes of morbidity and mortality around the world. While arthropod bites may cause local inflammation and discomfort, a greater concern is the potential to develop deadly systemic infection. The use of insect repellents (IR) to prevent systemic infections constitutes a fundamental public health effort. Cost-effectiveness, availability, and high-efficacy against arthropod vectors are key characteristics of an ideal IR.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Source Type: research

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A night shift in the hospital on the frontline of the fight against malaria.
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
ConclusionsMalaria and LF transmission appear absent or extremely low in Dominicanbateyes, which are a mixture of Haitian and Dominican residents. Travel to Haiti is rare, meaning risk of malaria and LF importation is low. Addressing identified gaps in intervention coverage, malaria knowledge, treatment seeking and service delivery will improve the quality of surveillance for these diseases, particularly among marginalized populations and promote island-wide elimination.
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusion In future, high-quality randomised controlled trial (RCT), vitro and animal model studies are required to support the efficacy of homoeopathic therapeutics. [...] Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Private Ltd. Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Homoeopathic Links - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Conclusion Dengue requires early diagnosis and treatment. Dengue can be managed with homoeopathy. Further studies are mandatory as evidence-based data in the management of dengue are sparse. [...] Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Private Ltd. Article in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Homoeopathic Links - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Materia Medica and Cases Source Type: research
Conclusion:   CoBaT-Y017 presented a significant safety and tolerability in healthy volunteers to allow its further development by starting a phase II clinical study. PMID: 31118966 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
LYME disease is a relatively unknown condition with an estimated 2,000 to 3,000 new cases each year in England and Wales. For an unknown disease however, anyone can develop the condition as its caught by a tick. This major symptom could mean you might have Lyme disease. Do you have it?
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical JournalAuthor(s): Hatice Demiray, Nurhayat Tabanca, Alden S. Estep, James J. Becnel, Betül DemirciAbstractStachys tmolea subsp. tmolea Boiss. is endemic to Turkey and is a species of the genus Stachys L. which is one of the largest genera of the family Lamiaceae with about 300 species. The aims of this study were to examine the chemical composition of the essential oil and n-hexane extract of S. tmolea subsp. tmolea as natural sources of insecticidal activity against the dengue vector, Aedes aegypti. Analysis of the essential oil by GC-FID and ...
Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
The U.S. diagnostic market celebrated three regulatory firsts last week.  1. FDA Authorizes Marketing of First Zika Test Until now, tests for detecting Zika virus immunoglobulin (IgM) antibodies in blood were only authorized for emergency use under FDA's Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) authority. On Thursday, the agency said it has authorized marketing of the ZIKV Detect 2.0 IgM Capture ELISA under the agency's traditional premarket authority. The test is manufactured by InBios International. “At the onset of the Zika virus outbreak, when little was known about the disease or how...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Regulatory and Compliance IVD Source Type: news
Several decision rules combining clinical and biological parameters have been proposed to distinguish bacterial from aseptic meningitis, but have not been evaluated in Africa. In children hospitalized with suspected central nervous system infections in Uganda, we found that the Bacterial Meningitis Score and Meningitest showed lower performance than in European children, and that a decision rule designed specifically using parameters associated with bacterial meningitis also showed inadequate diagnostic performance for clinical use.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research
For most of us, springtime marks the return of life to a dreary landscape, bringing birdsong, trees in bud, and daffodils in bloom. But if you work for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the coming of spring means the return of nasty diseases spread by ticks and mosquitoes. The killjoys at CDC celebrated the end of winter with a bummer of a paper showing that infections spread by ticks doubled in the United States from 2004 to 2016. (Tick populations have exploded in recent decades, perhaps due to climate change and loss of biodiversity.) Lyme disease The most common infection spread by ticks in the US i...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Infectious diseases Source Type: blogs
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