Migratory birds along the Mediterranean – Black Sea Flyway as carriers of zoonotic pathogens

In this study, bird species migrating through Bulgaria were investigated as carriers of zoonotic pathogens. In total, 706 birds belonging to 46 species were checked for the presence of various bacterial pathogens (Campylobacter, Yersin ia, Salmonella, Listeria, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Francisella tularensis, Coxiella burnetii, Borrelia burgdorferi, and Brucella spp.). From 673 birds we investigated fecal samples, from the remaining 33, blood samples. We detected Campylobacter 16S rDNA gene in 1.3% of birds, but no ne were of pathogenic Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli species. Escherichia coli 16S rDNA gene was found in 8.8% of the birds. Out of 34 birds that transported Yersinia enterocolitica strains (5.05%), only 1 carried a pathogenic isolate. Three birds (0.4%) were carriers of nonpathogenic S almonella strains. Four avian samples (0.6%) were positive for Listeria monocytogenes and 1 (0.15%) was positive for Brucella spp. None of the birds tested carried the tick-borne pathogens C. burnetii or B. burgdorferi sensu lato. Antibiotic-resistant strains were detected, suggesting that migratory birds could be reservoirs and spreaders of bacterial pathogens as well as antibiotic resistance genes.
Source: Canadian Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research

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In this study, we evaluated the antimicrobial activity of the extracts from herbal plant Persecaria pensylvanicum’s flower, leaf, stem and root. This plant is also known by a common name Pennsylvania smartweed. The antimicrobial effect of the extracts was tested using minimimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bacteriocidal concentration (MBC) methods in comparison with tetracycline, a commercial antibiotic.ResultsWe found that extract from P. pensylvanicum kills bovine mammary glands pathogenic S. aureus strain Newbould 305. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) breakpoints for extracts from flower, l...
Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Riina M. Kandolin, Christiane C. Wiefels, Cláudio Tinoco Mesquita, Aun-Yeong Chong, Paul Boland, David Glineur, Louise Sun, Rob S. Beanlands, Lisa M. MielniczukAbstractThis review describes the current evidence and controversies for viability imaging to direct revascularization decisions and the impact on patient outcomes. Balancing procedural risks and possible benefit from revascularization is a key question in patients with heart failure of ischemic origin (IHF). Different stages of ischemia induce adaptive changes in m...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Membrane Science - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
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Source: Cytotherapy - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Authors: Valle-Jiménez X, Ramírez-Cosmes A, Aquino-Domínguez AS, Sánchez-Peña F, Bustos-Arriaga J, Romero-Tlalolini MLÁ, Torres-Aguilar H, Serafín-López J, Aguilar Ruíz SR Abstract Platelets are anucleate cells that have a role in several innate immune functions, including the secretion of proteins with antimicrobial activity. Several studies have demonstrated the ability of platelets to secrete thrombin-induced platelet microbicidal proteins and antimicrobial peptides, like hBD-1. However, the expression and secretion of defensins of the alpha family b...
Source: Platelets - Category: Hematology Tags: Platelets Source Type: research
Authors: Tan J, Steinhoff M, Bewley A, Gieler U, Rives V Abstract Objective: To characterize rosacea features suitable for identification of high-burden (HB) subjects in clinical practice. Design: Global online survey with subjects recruited using an online panel from the United States, Canada, Italy, United Kingdom, Germany and France. Subjects self-reported a physician's diagnosis of rosacea. Measurements: HB subjects were defined as those with ≥3/4 domains (quality of life, lifestyle adaptation, time trade-off, willingness to pay) greater than the median. Group characteristics were analyzed and multivariate-l...
Source: Journal of Dermatological Treatment - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Dermatolog Treat Source Type: research
People with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) who don ’t achieve adequate relief from medication and cognitive-behavioral therapy may benefit from deep transcranial magnetic stimulation (dTMS), astudy inAJP in Advancesuggests.During dTMS treatment, a cap containing coils delivers magnetic pulses to stimulate nerve cells in the brain. The study compared active dTMS treatment with sham (inactive) treatment in 87 people with OCD, with participants in the active treatment group experiencing greater improvement in symptoms at the end of treatment and at a follow-up assessment four weeks later.The study, led by Lior Carm...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ajp in advance deep transcranial magnetic stimulation dTMS headache Lior Carmi obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale Source Type: research
You’ve been diagnosed with bipolar disorder, or maybe your loved one has. And you’re wondering, what’s the best treatment? What actually works? What the heck do I do? Because bipolar disorder is a chronic, complex condition, managing it can feel overwhelming and downright confusing. But thankfully there are effective, research-based treatments that really work. Medication is the mainstay of treatment. However, the best way to treat bipolar disorder is with a comprehensive approach, which includes “ongoing psychosocial interventions to help maintain health and to respond to breakthrough symptoms whe...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Bipolar Disorders General Psychotherapy Self-Help Treatment Bipolar Disorder bipolar disorder treatment Cbt IPSRT managing bipolar disorder opposite action Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: The Veterinary JournalAuthor(s): L. Peeters, J. Dewulf, F. Boyen, C. Brossé, T. Vandersmissen, G. Rasschaert, M. Heyndrickx, M. Cargnel, F. Pasmans, D. MaesAbstractVaccination of pigs against Salmonella Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) can be effective for the control of Salmonella infections at the farm level and reduce the risk of Salmonella contamination in the food chain. However, vaccination may interfere with herd serological status in serology-based Salmonella monitoring programs. The present study investigated the effects of an attenuated S. Typhimurium vacci...
Source: The Veterinary Journal - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Biotechnology ReportsAuthor(s): Oumaima Ghomari, Fatiha Sounni, Yousra Massaoudi, Jamal Ghanam, Leila Batsoule Drissi Kaitouni, Mohammed Merzouki, Mohammed BenlemlihAbstractThe aim of the present study is to firstly study the effect of the extraction solvents (ethanol, acetonitrile, distilled water), pH, temperature, and the extraction method (maceration, sonication, maceration in two steps) on the flavonoid and phenolic contents of olive leaves. Furthermore, qualitative and quantitative analyzes of phenolic compounds by (HPLC) were performed. Results showed that the ex...
Source: Biotechnology Reports - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
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