Migratory birds along the Mediterranean – Black Sea Flyway as carriers of zoonotic pathogens
In this study, bird species migrating through Bulgaria were investigated as carriers of zoonotic pathogens. In total, 706 birds belonging to 46 species were checked for the presence of various bacterial pathogens (Campylobacter, Yersin ia, Salmonella, Listeria, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Francisella tularensis, Coxiella burnetii, Borrelia burgdorferi, and Brucella spp.). From 673 birds we investigated fecal samples, from the remaining 33, blood samples. We detected Campylobacter 16S rDNA gene in 1.3% of birds, but no ne were of pathogenic Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli species. Escherichia coli 16S rDNA gene was found in 8.8% of the birds. Out of 34 birds that transported Yersinia enterocolitica strains (5.05%), only 1 carried a pathogenic isolate. Three birds (0.4%) were carriers of nonpathogenic S almonella strains. Four avian samples (0.6%) were positive for Listeria monocytogenes and 1 (0.15%) was positive for Brucella spp. None of the birds tested carried the tick-borne pathogens C. burnetii or B. burgdorferi sensu lato. Antibiotic-resistant strains were detected, suggesting that migratory birds could be reservoirs and spreaders of bacterial pathogens as well as antibiotic resistance genes.
Canada's shortage of pot is now expected to drag on for years. New production is coming online, but ever more cannabis will be diverted to the nascent edibles industry.
Conclusion: The level of parasite contamination is high and consumption of raw vegetables procured from these markets carry a high risk of parasite infection. Washing vegetables twice with saline was not effective for parasite removal. Improved approaches for washing vegetables before consumption are needed. Funding: Ensign College-Students Research Award Program of Bob and Lynette Gay. PMID: 30662081 [PubMed - in process]
Heart failure is a life-limiting illness and the leading cause of hospitalization in Canada. The Toronto Western Hospital Palliative Care Consultation Service identified an opportunity for improvement when it noted only 9 in-patient cardiology referrals for palliative consultation were received from January to September 2017 despite 472 cardiology in-patient admissions.
Integration of cannabinoids into palliative care has been delayed by many obstacles, such as paucity of clinical research data, poor clinical knowledge on how to initiate and monitor cannabinoid treatments and conflicting or unsupportive regulatory frameworks. Cancer patients, on the other hand, are known to have high rates of cannabis use and desire but are not receiving information about cannabis from oncology providers. This session proposes to illustrate the different clinical settings where the use of the traditional plant botanical cannabis and its derivatives could be considered, as well as provide an overview regar...
While there has been increased investment in palliative care in Ontario, Canada, the evidence remains inconclusive regarding the cost-effectiveness and impact of home-based palliative care at a system level.
Bangbang Li, Yingli Jin, Hua Xiang, Dan Mu, Panpan Yang, Xianmei Li, Ling Zhong, Junjie Cao, Dan Xu, Qian Gong, Tiedong Wang, Lin Wang, Dacheng Wang
Steven C. Ricke, Kristina M. Feye, W. Evan Chaney, Zhaohao Shi, Hilary Pavlidis, Yichao Yang
CONCLUSION. This study provides the first evidence to our knowledge about the effects of VZV vaccination on human mucosal IA status and supports further evaluation of VZV as a potential vector for an HIV vaccine. TRIAL REGISTRATION. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02514018. FUNDING. Primary support from the Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR). For other sources, see Acknowledgments.
Authors: Dundar D, Duymaz Z, Genc S, Er DK, İrvem A, Kandemir N Abstract The aim of the study is to determine in-vitro effects of imipenem-tigecycline, imipenem-colistin and tigecycline-colistin against carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) isolates. A total of 25 CRE isolates were included to the study. The minimum inhibition concentrations of imipenem, colistin-sulphate and tigecycline were determined with broth dilution method. Synergistic effects of imipenem-tigecycline, imipenem-colistin and tigecycline-colistin were investigated by microdilution checkerboard technique. All of the isolates were resist...
Authors: Pezeshki Najafabadi M, Dagoohian A, Rajaie S, Zarkesh-Esfahani SH, Edalati M Abstract Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are considered the most common community-acquired infections worldwide, which have possible complications along with significant economic impact on national healthcare systems. The aim of this study was to identify the most common causes of significant bacteriuria and to assess their antimicrobial resistance pattern in the Isfahan province of Iran. In this cross-sectional study, 11,678 urine samples of the patients referred to Mahdieh Medical Diagnostic Centre Charity were examined over a p...