Fatal measles case highlights importance of herd immunity in protecting the vulnerable

(Infectious Diseases Society of America) Last year, a 26-year-old man receiving treatment for leukemia went to a Swiss hospital's emergency room with a fever, a sore throat, and a cough, and was admitted. His condition worsened, and 17 days later, he died from severe complications of measles. The man's weakened immune system was unable to fight off the disease, even though he was vaccinated against measles as a child.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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ConclusionThere is need to improve both the knowledge base and comfort level of pediatricians in counseling their patients during vaccine recommendations. Otolaryngologists have a critical role in providing education to physicians, trainees, and the general public in the effort to combat the epidemic of HPV-associated head and neck cancer.
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 April 2019Source: Parasitology InternationalAuthor(s): Ben-Yeddy Abel Chitama, Shinya Miyazaki, Xiaotong Zhu, Wataru Kagaya, Kazuhide Yahata, Osamu KanekoAbstractPlasmodium falciparum, an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite which causes the severe form of human malaria, exports numerous proteins to the infected red blood cell that are important for its survival and of severe pathological effect to its host. These proteins and their export mechanisms are candidates for drug and vaccine development, and among them is the Plasmodium SURFIN family of proteins. Previously we showed th...
Source: Parasitology International - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 April 2019Source: Journal of Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Gemma E. Seabright, Katie J. Doores, Dennis R. Burton, Max CrispinAbstractAntigenic mimicry is a fundamental tenet of structure-based vaccinology. Vaccine strategies for the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) focus on the mimicry of its envelope spike (Env) due to its exposed location on the viral membrane and role in mediating infection. However, the virus has evolved to minimise the immunogenicity of conserved epitopes on the envelope spike. This principle is starkly illustrated by the presence of an extensive array of...
Source: Journal of Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 April 2019Source: Saudi Journal of Biological SciencesAuthor(s): Mohsen Keshavarz, Amir Sasan Mozaffari Nejad, Maryam Esghaei, Farah Bokharaei-Salim, Hassan Dianat-Moghadam, Hossein Keyvani, Amir GhaemiAbstractAlthough Oncolytic viruses have been regarded as a promising tool for targeted therapy of cancer, accomplishing high efficacy and specificity with this strategy is challenging. Oncolytic virotherapy is one of the novel therapeutic methods recently used for the therapy of human malignancies. Cervical cancer is on the major public health problem and the second most common cause of ...
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 April 2019Source: Fish &Shellfish ImmunologyAuthor(s): A.A. Laith, M.A. Abdullah, W.W.I. Nurhafizah, H.A. Hussein, J. Aya, A.W.M. Effendy, M. NajiahAbstractStreptococcus agalactiae species have been recognized as the main pathogen causing high mortality in fish leading to significant worldwide economical losses to the aquaculture industries. Vaccine development has become a priority in combating multidrug resistance in bacteria; however, there is a lack of commercial live attenuated vaccine (LAV) against S. agalactiae in Malaysia. The aim of this study is to compare two methods usi...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: July 2019Source: Fish &Shellfish Immunology, Volume 90Author(s): Chao Pei, Yan Gao, Xiaoying Sun, Li Li, Xianghui KongAbstractGrass carp reovirus (GCRV) is the main viral pathogen that endangers grass carp seriously. Application of vaccine has been considered to be the most effective way to prevent virus infection. VP56 is a protein encoded by gene segment 7 of grass carp reovirus, and is predicted to share homology with fiber protein of mammalian reovirus (MRV). In our study, the immunogenicity of VP56 was evaluated by neutralization test. GCRV was incubated with mouse anti-VP56 antibody, and then wa...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
We present the results of the general health screening of the school children, and also describe the association between nutritional status and other variables. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study children from two public primary schools in Hargeisa were assessed for general health by nursing students. Nutritional status was assessed by BMI-for-age z-scores and visual acuity by Paediatric Snellen Chart. RESULTS: We screened 2,093 children aged 4-19 years; 58% were boys. Very low BMI-for-age (z-score
Source: Global Health Action - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research
The number of confirmed measles cases in the United States is now at 695, in 22 states, according to the CDC.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Critical Care Headlines - Category: Intensive Care Tags: Infectious Diseases News Source Type: news
Conclusion: The relative changes in inspiratory and expiratory air flow and voice and throat symptoms during the histamine challenge test correlated. The vocal fold oedema caused by the histamine challenge, visible on videolaryngostroboscopy, did not significantly affect the spirometry air flow values.Folia Phoniatr Logop
Source: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
I just got an internship that requires a rabies vaccine and I know most school require it anyway. First of all how do I find out who can administer that, second how have people paid for it?
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Pre-Veterinary Source Type: forums
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