Clinical Presentation and Cranial MRI Findings of Listeria monocytogenes Encephalitis: A Literature Review of Case Series

Conclusions: Listeria encephalitis is a severe disease and should be remembered in cases admitted with symptoms related to the brainstem and cranial nerve dysfunction. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging with brainstem and cerebellum involvements and contrast enhancement with or without abscess are particularly suggestive of the listeria-related infection.
Source: The Neurologist - Category: Neurology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

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ConclusionsPre-biopsy mpMRI for clinically suspected prostate cancer is emerging as a standard of practice in Ireland. International guidelines are also changing to reflect latest clinical trial evidence. Private health insurance providers should amend their policies to reflect current clinical practices already adopted in the public sector.
Source: Irish Journal of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe conclude that mechanisms driving OA (which is defined as ‘impaired visually guided movement’) may underpin severe motor impairment, in autism. CVIS and VMIS may be useful indicators of severity of spatial cognitive impairment.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsDiffuse lesions may help to predict the poor neurological outcomes in patients with TSC.
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This article is part of the Special Issue “NEWroscience 2018”
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to assess respiratory muscle quality and function in DMD using magnetic resonance imaging and to determine the relationship to clinical respiratory function.MethodsIndividuals with DMD (n = 36) and unaffected controls (n = 12) participated in this cross sectional magnetic resonance imaging study. Participants underwent dynamic imaging of the thorax to assess diaphragm and chest wall mobility and chemical shift-encoded imaging of the chest and abdomen to determine fatty infiltration of the accessory respiratory muscles. Additionally, clinical pulmonary function mea...
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Raisbeck LD, Diekfuss JA, Grooms DR, Schmitz R Abstract CONTEXT: Although the beneficial effects of using an external focus of attention are well documented in attainment and performance of movement execution, neural mechanisms underlying external focus' benefits are mostly unknown. OBJECTIVE: To assess brain function during a lower-extremity gross motor movement while manipulating an internal and external focus of attention. DESIGN: Cross-over study. SETTING: Neuroimaging center Participants: A total of 10 healthy subjects (5 males and 5 females) Intervention: Participants completed external a...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is an evolving diagnostic alternative to contrast-enhanced computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and fluorescence angiography for the evaluation of vascular diseases. Microbubble contrast material allows imaging of blood flow in microvasculature beyond the resolution of standard imaging techniques and demonstrates potential for the evaluation of tissue perfusion. Several authors have investigated the application of CEUS in the evaluation of myocardial or skeletal muscle perfusion and tumor characterization.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
ACS NanoDOI: 10.1021/acsnano.9b04998
Source: ACS Nano - Category: Nanotechnology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 October 2019Source: Neuroscience LettersAuthor(s): Thomas R. Morrison, Praveen Kulkarni, Xuezhu Cai, Sade Iriah, Dipak Aggarwal, Shi-Fang Lu, Neal G. Simon, Dan Madularu, Craig F. FerrisAbstractArginine vasopressin (AVP) is a chemical signal in the brain that influences cerebral vascular resistance and brain water permeability. Increases in AVP contribute to the pathophysiology of brain edema following traumatic brain injury (TBI). These effects are mediated through AVP V1a receptors that are expressed in cortical and subcortical brain areas. This exploratory study characterizes the ef...
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2019Source: NeuroImageAuthor(s): Kenneth F. Valyear, Benjamin A. Philip, Carmen M. Cirstea, Pin-Wei Chen, Nathan Baune, Noah Marchal, Scott H. FreyAbstractAnimal models reveal that deafferenting forelimb injuries precipitate reorganization in both contralateral and ipsilateral somatosensory cortices. The functional significance and duration of these effects are unknown, and it is unclear whether they also occur in injured humans. We delivered cutaneous stimulation during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to map the sensory cortical representation of the intact hand a...
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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