Brain activation and gait alteration during cognitive and motor dual task walking in stroke -a functional near-infrared spectroscopy study - Liu YC, Yang YR, Tsai YA, Wang RY, Lu CF.

This study investigated the effects of cognitive and motor dual tasks on gait performance and brain activities in stroke. Twenty-three stroke subjects performed single walking (SW), walking while performing cognitive task (WCT), and walking while performin...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

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This study aims to extract changes in the gray matter of these patients and test how these changes account for the PSD symptoms. High-resolution T1 weighted images were collected from 23 PSD patients diagnosed with subcortical stroke. Voxel-based morphometry and support vector machine analyses were used to analyze the data. The results were compared with those collected from 33 non-PSD patients. PSD group showed decreased gray matter volume (GMV) in the left middle frontal gyrus (MFG) when compared to the non-PSD patients. Together with the clinical and demographic variables, the MFG's GMV predictive model was able to dist...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2020Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Volume 31, Issue 3, SupplementAuthor(s): R. Wang, K. Chang, H. Zhou, J. Wu, G. Cohan, M. Jayaraman, R. Huang, J. Boxerman, L. Yang, F. Hui, J. Woo, H. Bai
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2020Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Volume 31, Issue 3, SupplementAuthor(s): R. Le, A. Hoefnagel, J. Yao, D. Rao
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Authors: Barnard ZR, Alexander MJ Abstract Introduction: This Wingspan Stent is a self-expanding, laser-cut, nitinol stent designed for the treatment of severe symptomatic intracranial artery stenosis to be used in conjunction with the Gateway angioplasty balloon. This review will describe the technical features of the stent, its composition, design, and functional characteristics, as well as an overview of its safety and efficacy.Areas covered: The engineering and manufacturing specifications are described for the stent. A systematic review of the literature from 2005 to 2019 is performed to define the safety prof...
Source: Expert Review of Medical Devices - Category: Medical Devices Tags: Expert Rev Med Devices Source Type: research
The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) is considered the standard for assessing neurologic status after an acute stroke. Currently, there is no guideline for when this assessment should be completed, nor is there consensus on how frequently or for how long. We initiated a quality improvement project that sought first to determine when and how often nurses at a variety of institutions in our multisite health care system completed the NIHSS assessment and then to identify the minimum frequency at which nurses should complete the assessment. After reviewing the literature and current practices and observing i...
Source: AJN - Category: Nursing Tags: Cultivating Quality Source Type: research
ConclusionPresence of a proximal bystander during an overdose event is associated with dispatch codes indicative of an overdose and shorter times to naloxone administration compared with those with distal bystanders. These findings offer opportunities for public education and engagement of overdose harm reduction strategies. PMID: 32073921 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Prehospital Emergency Care - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Prehosp Emerg Care Source Type: research
Publication date: 19 February 2020Source: Neuron, Volume 105, Issue 4Author(s): Silvestro Micera, Matteo Caleo, Carmelo Chisari, Friedhelm C. Hummel, Alessandra PedrocchiStroke is one of the leading causes of long-term disability. Advanced technological solutions (“neurotechnologies”) exploiting robotic systems and electrodes that stimulate the nervous system can increase the efficacy of stroke rehabilitation. Recent studies on these approaches have shown promising results. However, a paradigm shift in the development of new approaches must be made to significantly improve the clinical outcomes of neurotechnolo...
Source: Neuron - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Bomi Kim, Yeon Mee Kim, Sung-cheol Jin, Jun-won Lee, Byung In Lee, Sung Eun Kim, Kyong Jin Shin, JinSe Park, Kang Min Park, Si Eun Kim, Seongho Park, Sam Yeol HaAbstractWe analyzed the histopathological findings of the clots obtained from patients with acute ischemic stroke by mechanical thrombectomy. We then developed a clinical scoring system for predicting pathogenic causes in patients with undetermined ischemic stroke using these histopathological and the angiographic findings during endovascular treatment. Only cases ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ConclusionsRising serum SAA concentrations, in close correlation with inflammation and hemorrhagic severity, are independently related to mortality and poor outcome after ICH, indicating that serum SAA might serve as a potential prognostic biomarker for ICH.
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
A new potential neuroprotectant has been found to be beneficial for patients with ischemic stroke undergoing thrombectomy in the ESCAPE-NA1 trial, but only for those not receiving thrombolysis.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Cardiology Headlines - Category: Cardiology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news
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