Greater Weight Loss With Gastric Bypass Than Other Bariatric Sx

WEDNESDAY, Oct. 31, 2018 -- Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is associated with greater weight loss at one, three, and five years than sleeve gastrectomy (SG) or adjustable gastric banding (AGB), though it also has the highest rate of 30-day adverse...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

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AbstractIntroductionBone mineral density (BMD) declines in the initial years after bariatric surgery, but long-term skeletal effects are unclear and comparisons between sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are rare.Design and MethodsAn observational longitudinal study of obese patients undergoing SG or RYGB was performed. Whole-body (WB) BMD, along with BMD of the total hip (TH), femoral neck (FN), and lumbar spine (LS), was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) before surgery and yearly thereafter for 4  years. Calciotropic hormones were also measured.ResultsForty-seven patients un...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis is the first report of cognitive improvements following VSG and the first direct comparison of cognitive improvements following RYGB and VSG. Short-term improvements in specific domains of cognitive function are observed at the beginning of the active weight loss phase following bariatric surgery that persisted to 3  months. The anatomical distinction between the two surgeries and resulting differential metabolic profiles may be responsible for the improvements in attention observed following RYGB but not following VSG.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundEnhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols have been extensively proven in lower gastrointestinal surgery to decrease postoperative physiologic stress and length of stay (LOS). ERAS in bariatric surgery (ERABS) varies immensely from each program with inconsistent results with a predominant goal of reducing LOS. Our focus in implementing enhanced recovery after bariatric surgery (ERABS) protocols is aimed at reducing postoperative pain and opioid use.MethodsThis is a retrospective review of patients who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) or sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) at a single hig...
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn patients aged 40 ‐65, gastric bypass but not sleeve gastrectomy or the other procedures increased risk of major osteoporotic fractures.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsForegut pathology is common in bariatric patients with subjective symptoms of GERD. Implementing a comprehensive protocol to objectively assess these patients leads to a significant clinical impact on which procedure these patients ultimately undergo.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundAccelerated bone loss is a known complication after bariatric surgery. Bone mineral density has been shown to decrease significantly after Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) effects on bone density are largely unknown. This should be considered for those with increased preoperative risk for bone loss, such as postmenopausal females.MethodsThis prospective clinical trial included postmenopausal patients, with BMI  ≥ 35 k/m2, being evaluated for either RYGB or SG. Patients with history of osteoporosis, estrogen hormone replacement therapy...
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionExperts achieved consensus on a number of aspects of RBS. Though expert opinion can only be regarded as low-quality evidence, the findings of this exercise should help improve the outcomes of RBS while we develop robust evidence to inform future practice.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study included patients who underwent primary laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The primary outcome of interest was incisional SSI occurring within 30  days. Surgeries performed in 2015 were used in a derivation cohort and the predictive tool was validated against the 2016 cohort. A forward selection algorithm was used to build a logistic regression model predicting probability of SSI.ResultsA total of 274,187 patients were included with 71.7% being LSG and 28.3% LRYGB. 0.7% of patients had a SSI in which 71.0% had an incisional SSI, and 29.9% had an organ/spa...
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Objective: We sought to compare the short and long-term outcomes of MBS in adolescents vs. adults who have undergone a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) or Sleeve gastrectomy (SG).Design: Retrospective cohort study.Setting: Single tertiary care academic referral center.Participants: One hundred fifty adolescent (≤ 21-years) and adult (>21-years) subjects with severe obesity between 15 and 70 years of age who underwent RYGB or SG.Outcomes: Metabolic parameters, weight and height measures were obtained pre-and post-surgery (at 3 and 6 months, and then annually for 4 years).Results: Median pre-surgical body mass index (BM...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
We examined the association of hospital length of stay (LOS) by race-ethnicity (Hispanic, non-Hispanic white [NHW], NH black [NHB]) and MBS-procedure among Florida inpatients. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of inpatient records was performed using the 2016 Florida Agency for Health Care Administrative (AHCA) data. Records of Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB), Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAGB), and Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG) procedures based on ICD 10th edition code were analyzed. Via logistic regression analysis, the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of longer LOS (≥2 versus 
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research
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