Performance monitoring and post-error adjustments in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: an EEG analysis

Conclusion: Based on previous reports of post-error behavioural alterations in childhood samples, we conclude that people with ADHD develop compensatory strategies across the lifespan that lead to inconspicuous post-error behaviour in adulthood. Neurophysiologically, however, subtle alterations remain, indicating a perseverance of at least some frontal lobe deficits in people with ADHD who are partially medicated, particularly with respect to action-monitoring and post-error adaptation. PMID: 30375834 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Psychiatry Neurosci Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: We found no clear evidence of an association between maternal thyroid function and child ADHD . PMID: 31426724 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Thyroid Source Type: research
Authors: Güemes Heras I, Santamaría-Orleans A, Colinas Herrero JF, Gómez Sorrigueta P, Ortiz González L, de la Iglesia-Arnaez R, Canals Baeza A Abstract A cross-sectional survey study was designed to gather information on the use of dietary supplements by Spanish pediatricians. The study questionnaire was completed by 433 pediatricians (62% men, mean age 52.5 years) throughout the country. They also provided data on 10 of their patients (n = 4304) in which synbiotics, immune stimulants, and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) had been prescribed. Synbiotics wer...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research
AbstractDeciphering the massive volume of complex electronic data that has been compiled by hospital systems over the past decades has the potential to revolutionize modern medicine, as well as present significant challenges. Deep learning is uniquely suited to address these challenges, and recent advances in techniques and hardware have poised the field of medical machine learning for transformational growth. The clinical neurosciences are particularly well positioned to benefit from these advances given the subtle presentation of symptoms typical of neurologic disease. Here we review the various domains in which deep lea...
Source: Neurology and Therapy - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, Ahead of Print.
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Source Type: research
Health services have not provided adequate support for young people with long term health conditions to transfer from child to adult services. National Institute of Health and Care (NICE) guidance on transitio...
Source: BMC Medical Research Methodology - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
(Natural News) When a child is diagnosed with ADHD, or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, medication is often recommended. Profit-minded pharmaceutical companies and doctors hand these drugs out like candy, and some teachers even encourage it in hopes of having placated students who are easier to keep under control. Unfortunately, children often end up paying the price for...
Source: - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
To investigate the effect of relatively younger age on Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and diagnosis through three population-based cohorts and a meta-analysis.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: New Research Source Type: research
ConclusionOur study supports the notion that NDDs may exist along a complex phenotypic/biological continuum. All NDD groups showed a sustained parietal activity profile suggesting that they share a strong reliance on the posterior parietal cortices to complete the mental flexibility task; future studies could elucidate whether this is due to delayed brain development or compensatory functioning. The differences in frontal activity may play a role in differentiating the NDDs. The OCD group showed sustained prefrontal activity that may be reflective of hyperfrontality. The ASD group showed reduced frontal activation suggesti...
Source: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Source: ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study demonstrates that attentional stability is impaired in children with epilepsy and/or ADHD. Bron–Lyon Attention Stability Test seems to be a sensitive test to detect attentional stability deficit in children with epilepsy and with attentional complaints who did not meet all criteria of ADHD.We propose that BLAST could be a useful clinical neuropsychological tool to assess attentional disorders in children.
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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