Cases of Mysterious Polio-Like Illness Continue to Rise. And Experts Are Frustrated Over a Lack of Answers

A rare, polio-like illness continues to spread across the United States, puzzling and concerning health officials who are investigating the mysterious condition. So far this year, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has reported a total of 72 confirmed cases of acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) in 24 states, including clusters in Minnesota, Pennsylvania and Colorado. Ninety percent of confirmed diagnoses were in children younger than 18, according to the CDC. The agency is investigating another 119 patients in connection with the disease, which causes symptoms including sudden arm and leg weakness, loss of muscle tone, facial weakness or drooping and difficulty swallowing or speaking. In severe cases, AFM can lead to paralysis, respiratory failure or even death. AFM is exceedingly rare, each year affecting less than one in a million people in the U.S., the CDC says. Nonetheless, the disease has been on the rise ever since an outbreak in 2014. Since then, diagnoses have spiked in alternating years: There were 120 confirmed cases in 2014, 22 in 2015, 149 in 2016 and 33 in 2017, according to CDC records. Officials have been investigating AFM since at least 2014, to little avail. It’s often not possible to determine what causes AFM, though it can follow infections from poliovirus and non-polio enteroviruses, West Nile virus and adenoviruses. Environmental toxins may also be to blame, the CDC says. “While we know that these can cause AFM, we have not been ...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime Infectious Disease onetime Source Type: news

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Introduction OBJECTIVE: To elucidate whether urology residents in the United States feel bullied by nurses, how respected they feel at work, and whether this impacts personal and patient care. METHODS: We distributed an IRB-approved online, validat...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news
Suicidal behavior and death by suicide are significant and pressing problems in the Bhutanese refugee community. Currently, Bhutanese refugees are dying by suicide at a rate nearly two times that of the general U.S. population. Proper identification of ris...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Social Etiologies and Disparities Source Type: news
This study investigated Asian Pacific Islander Americans' (APIAs) and White Americans' use of three common suicide methods--firearm, poisoning, and hanging--using data from the National Violent Death Reporting System in the United States. Overall, hanging ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news
Historians and cultural scholars of the Vietnam War have explored how structures of war and racism continue to shape filmmaking and media (under)representations of Vietnamese in the United States. This examination of structure, however, has inadvertently o...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
To clarify why research examining the responsiveness of governments to public opinion produces mixed results, the authors focus on issues involving contested moral values that are known to be highly salient to the public and hence more likely to be linked ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news
This article presents an evidence-based practice (EBP) model for risk-informed social ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Pediatric head trauma management varies between emergency departments globally. Here we aim to compare the pediatric minor head trauma management between a US and Italian hospital. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of c...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news
BACKGROUND:  A substance misuse epidemic has been observed in the United States leading to a dramatic increase in mortality rates. Because of poverty and accessibility to drugs, Camden County, NJ, has struggled with substance-related fatalities. In additio...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Authors: José P, Alvarez-Lerma F, Maseda E, Olaechea P, Pemán J, Soriano C, Zaragoza R Abstract A narrative review from a multidisciplinary task force of experts in critical care medicine and clinical mycology was carried out. The multi drug-resistant species Candida auris has emerged simultaneously on several continents, causing hospital outbreaks, especially in critically ill patients. Although there are not enough data to support the routine use of continuous antibiotic prophylaxis in patients subjected to extracorporeal membrane oxygenator, a clear increase of invasive fungal infection (IFI) has b...
Source: Journal of Chemotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Chemother Source Type: research
A viral illness outbreak has killed seven children and infected 11 others at a medical facility in New Jersey, state health officials announced Wednesday. The New Jersey Department of Health initially announced that 18 cases of adenovirus, six of them fatal, had been confirmed among pediatric residents at the Wanaque Center for Nursing and Rehabilitation in Haskell. On Wednesday, officials announced that a seventh child, who was among the 18 original confirmed cases, died on Tuesday. An investigation is ongoing, but the center has agreed not to admit new patients until the outbreak is deemed over. New Jersey Governor Phil...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime New Jersey onetime Source Type: news
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