Urinary tract infection (lower): antimicrobial prescribing: NICE Guideline NG109

This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for lower urinary tract infection (also called cystitis) in children, young people and adults who do not have a catheter. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance. It was published in October 2018.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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CONCLUSION: The frequencies of urinary tract infection were similar in both groups. These individuals might have been taking non-prescribed antibiotics or failing to comply with a prescribed treatment or bacteria are of hospital origin. PMID: 31260553 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: P R Health Sci J Source Type: research
ConclusionOur data support the hypothesis that BNO 2103 reduces pain by virtue of its anti-inflammatory properties, possibly related to suppression of prostaglandin E2 and leukotriene B4 formation, and suggest that this combination has the potential to treat clinical symptoms such as inflammatory pain. Thus BNO 2103 may represent an alternative to reduce the use of antibiotics in urinary tract infections.Graphical abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe results also proved that STAT-1 plays a critical role in the regulation of UPEC invasion and infection in the uroepithelial cells, especially those pretreated with glucose. The present study suggests a possible therapeutic approach to preferentially suppress UPEC infection during UTIs in the patients with diabetes.
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
ConclusionOur data support the hypothesis that BNO 2103 reduces pain by virtue of its anti-inflammatory properties, possibly related to suppression of prostaglandin E2 and leukotriene B4 formation, and suggest that this combination has the potential to treat clinical symptoms such as inflammatory pain. Thus BNO 2103 may represent an alternative to reduce the use of antibiotics in urinary tract infections.Graphical abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions: We demonstrate for the first time that cranberry and propolis supplementation significantly reduces the incidence of UTIs during the first 3 months and delays the onset of an episode of cystitis.Urol Int
Source: Urologia Internationalis - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
This study also found that Proteus DNA, a genus with many uropathogenic species (Drzewiecka, 2016), was more prevalent in women with OAB compared to asymptomatic controls (Curtiss et al., 2017). IC A recent study by Abernethy et al. suggested that the microbiome may play a role in IC (Abernethy et al., 2017). In this study, 16S rRNA analysis determined the microbiome of catheterized urine from women (n = 40) with IC was not dominated by a single genus and was less likely to contain Lactobacillus compared to asymptomatic women. Abernethy et al. also showed that L. acidophilus was associated with less severe scores on the ...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common disease in Oman as in rest of Gulf Cooperation Council where metabolic syndrome is of high prevalence. DM is a foremost risk factor for urinary tract infections (UTIs). It is also linked to more complicated infections such as emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN), emphysematous pyelitis (EP), renal/perirenal abscess, emphysematous cystitis, xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis, and renal papillary necrosis. The diagnosis of these cases is frequently delayed because the clinical manifestations are generic and not different from the typical triad of upper UTI, which include fev...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
Abstract This retrospective study investigated predisposing factors and ultrasound features in dogs (n = 36) and cats (n = 2) with emphysematous cystitis (EC). Urinary tract infection was present in 25 patients (65.8%), impaired immune system in 10 (26.3%), bladder stones in 9 (23.7%) and neurologic bladder in 7 (18.4%). Diabetes mellitus was present in only 4 patients (10.5%). Most patients had positive urine culture (n = 35; 92.1%), with elevated concentration of Escherichia coli in 25 patients (71.4%). The most common ultrasound features were diffuse thickening of the urinary bladder (n = 15; 39.5%), polyps (n ...
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research
Background The emergency department (ED) lies between the inpatient and outpatient worlds. Varying rates of antimicrobial resistance along with the volume of patients presenting to the ED with potential urinary tract infections make empiric antibiotic selection difficult but vital. However, simply referring to the guidelines may neither optimize therapy nor mitigate resistance. Methods This was a retrospective cohort study comparing antimicrobial sensitivities of women from home, diagnosed with uncomplicated cystitis and discharged home, versus sensitivities of an institution-wide antibiogram between September 1, 2016...
Source: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Urinary tract infections, including cystitis and pyelonephritis, are the most common bacterial infection primary care clinicians encounter in office practice. Dysuria and frequency in the absence of vaginal discharge and vaginal irritation are highly predictive of cystitis. Urine culture is recommended for the diagnosis and management of pyelonephritis, recurrent urinary tract infection, and complicated urinary tract infections. Antibiotics targeted toward Escherichia coli, Proteus, Klebsiella, and Staphylococcus saprophyticus are the recommended treatment. The duration of treatment varies by specific drug and type of infe...
Source: Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
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