Pouch Creation a Winner After Total Gastrectomy
(MedPage Today) -- Meta-analysis reports better long-term functional outcomes, no greater perioperative morbidity
Leaks and fistulas after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) are a major adverse event of bariatric surgery. Endoscopic management for post SG leaks has evolved from closure with covered self-expanding metallic stents (SEMS) to endoscopic internal drainage (EID).
ConclusionMorbidly obese ESKD patients have an equal weight loss to patients without ESKD. Bariatric surgery could improve access to kidney transplantation and may potentially improve transplantation outcomes of obese patients with ESKD.
CONCLUSIONS By downregulating expression of the SNHG5 gene and then altering expression of the TGR5 gene, the damage to colorectal cells induced by high glucose was alleviated. This may be one of the mechanisms underlying the effect of sleeve gastric surgery in treatment of diabetes mellitus. PMID: 32242546 [PubMed - in process]
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), including erosive esophagitis, is highly prevalent in the obese population. Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) is one of the most frequently performed bariatric procedures. The relationship between LSG and GERD has gained increasing attention. This retrospective study aims to assess the effectiveness of combined LSG and modified Rossetti anti-reflux fundoplication for the treatment of GERD on morbidly obese patients after bariatric surgery.
Condition: Obesity, Morbid Intervention: Other: Drainage Sponsor: Inonu University Completed
Conclusions: Stone or sludge development in the gallbladder due to rapid weight loss after obesity surgery is quite common. However, we observed that the gallstone development decreased significantly with the prophylactic use of UDCA in patients who had undergone obesity surgery. PMID: 32233269 [PubMed - in process]
AbstractIntroductionBone mineral density (BMD) declines in the initial years after bariatric surgery, but long-term skeletal effects are unclear and comparisons between sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are rare.Design and MethodsAn observational longitudinal study of obese patients undergoing SG or RYGB was performed. Whole-body (WB) BMD, along with BMD of the total hip (TH), femoral neck (FN), and lumbar spine (LS), was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) before surgery and yearly thereafter for 4 years. Calciotropic hormones were also measured.ResultsForty-seven patients un...
ConclusionsSuper morbidly obese patients required fewer opioids and analgesics perioperatively. They exhibited higher comorbidities with greater anaesthesia time and ICU admissions. PACU stay time and pain scores were comparable.
This study enrolled patients with early gastric cancer scheduled for laparoscopic distal gastrectomy. After intraoperative submucosal injection of ICG (0.1 mg/mL), LN dissection was conducted under near-infrared ICG fluorescence guidance. The operation time, bleeding events during infrapyloric LN dissection were analyzed. Cases were retrospectively 1:3 propensity-score matched to patients who underwent laparoscopic distal gastrectomy without ICG inje ction.ResultsThe mean time from midline omentectomy to exposure of the right gastroepiploic vein was significantly shorter in the ICG group (n = 20) than i...
AbstractA 63-year-old man had advanced poorly differentiated gastric adenocarcinoma with para-aortic lymph node metastases. No HER2 expression was observed in four endoscopic biopsies from the primary tumor. Tumors shrunk after S-1 with cisplatin treatment, and he underwent simple gastrectomy due to stenosis. Interestingly, HER2 diffusely overexpressed in the resected surgical specimen. His disease was stable with trastuzumab-containing therapy for 6.4 months. This case may suggest a selection of HER2-positive cells that were insensitive to the chemotherapy, and further study is needed for the change of intratumoral ...