UV Signature Mutations;

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Source: Photochemistry and Photobiology - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Invited Review Source Type: research

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Publication date: 16 September 2019Source: Cancer Cell, Volume 36, Issue 3Author(s): Laurence Wurth, Panagiotis Papasaikas, David Olmeda, Nadine Bley, Guadalupe T. Calvo, Santiago Guerrero, Daniela Cerezo-Wallis, Javier Martinez-Useros, María García-Fernández, Stefan Hüttelmaier, Maria S. Soengas, Fátima Gebauer
Source: Cancer Cell - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Dillman RO, Nistor GI, McLelland BT, Hsieh C, Poole AJ, Cornforth AN, Keirstead HS Abstract Because of its role as an immune checkpoint, levels of soluble programmed cell death protein-1 (sPD-1) could be useful as a prognostic biomarker or predictive biomarker in cancer patients treated with vaccines. Very low levels of sPD-1 may indicate lack of an existing anti-cancer immune response; very high levels may indicate an active immune response that is suppressed. In between these extremes, a decrease in PD-1 following injections of an anti-cancer vaccine may indicate an enhanced immune response that has not ...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our results underline the importance of investigating both CTCs and ccfDNA in a liquid biopsy approach to melanoma patients. PMID: 31524142 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cancer Biomarkers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Cancer Biomark Source Type: research
Three molecular hybrids containing 1,4-naphthoquinones, 1,3,5-triazines, morpholine and 7-chloroquinoline, which have recognized contributions to the biological activity of many drugs, were synthesized in yields ranging from 43-84%. All hybrids were obtained in three steps starting from readily available reactants: lawsone, cyanuric chloride, morpholine and 4,7-dichloroquinoline. A previous docking study was carried out to identify the binding energy and pharmacophore conformation of the promising anticancer compounds with PI3K γ (phosphoinositide 3-kinase) and AMPK (5 ’ AMP-activated protein kinase). The cance...
Source: Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common cancer worldwide. Australia has the highest incidence of skin cancer in the world, exceeding 2000 per 100  000 person-years and it is increasing [1]. In the USA, more than 3 million individuals are diagnosed with NMSC each year [2,3]. In the UK, during 2014–2016, about 147 000 new NMSC cases were diagnosed every year, more than 400 every day [4]. Data show that between 1976 and 1984, the overall inc idence of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) increased by 145% and of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) by 263%.
Source: Clinical Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
British Journal of Cancer, Published online: 17 September 2019; doi:10.1038/s41416-019-0570-yAnti-PD-1 antibodies offer potentially life-saving treatment for some cancer patients, but their chronic administration generates high and ever-increasing costs. Despite licensing for long-term use, optimal treatment duration is unknown. We challenge the need for long-term treatment duration, using evidence from melanoma research, both published and in process.
Source: British Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Life of patients with uveal melanoma (UM) is largely threatened by liver metastasis. Little is known about the drivers of liver organotropic metastasis in UM. The elevated activity of transcription of oncogene...
Source: Molecular Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Authors: Chen XY, Chen Y, Qu CJ, Pan ZH, Qin Y, Zhang X, Liu WJ, Li DF, Zheng Q Abstract Melanoma is the most malignant type of skin cancer and is resistant to numerous chemotherapeutic and radiotherapy-based treatment approaches due to the activation of rapid and reversible pro-survival signaling pathways. As a result, patients will often present with a poor prognosis. Therefore, novel preventive methods and treatments are urgently required for patients with melanoma. Vitamin C (also known as L-ascorbic acid) is a water-soluble vitamin that is widely used as a dietary additive and has been demonstrated to exhibit ...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Jia B, Zhao X, Wang Y, Wang J, Wang Y, Yang Y Abstract Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-associated mortality among women worldwide, and the prevalence and mortality rates associated with this disease are high in Western countries. The melanoma-associated antigen (MAGE) family proteins are well-known tumor-specific antigens; this family includes>60 proteins that serve an important part in cell cycle withdrawal, neuronal differentiation and apoptosis. The aim of the present study was to identify a biomarker within the MAGE family that is specific for breast cancer. In the present study,...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
We present a 48-year-old woman affected by metastatic uveal melanoma treated with nivolumab (3 mg/kg every 2 weeks). The patient had no previous history of autoimmune disease or dermatologic conditions. At the fourth month of treatment, on cutaneous examination, she presented multiple whitish vitiligo-like patches on the trunk, axillae, hands and face. Diagnosis of melanoma-associated leukoderma vitiliginous reaction was made. Over the following months, the melanoma-associated leukoderma lesions slowly progressed with cigarette paper-like appearance and indurated texture. A skin biopsy leaded the diagnosis of extragenital ...
Source: Anti-Cancer Drugs - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
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