Latest research on thyroid cancer therapy

Novel therapeutic approaches to improve outcomes in thyroid cancer, for example using targeted delivery of cytotoxic drugs to tumor cells, are among the latest treatment approaches for thyroid cancer, experts report.
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - Category: Science Source Type: news

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Abstract The cell growth inhibitory potential of xanthohumol (XN), a natural prenylflavonoid present in hops and beer, on human papillary thyroid cancer cells is reported. We demonstrate that XN decreases the proliferation of TPC-1 cancer cells in a dose and time dependent manners. At low concentration (10 μM) XN was shown to significantly inhibit carcinogenesis by a mechanism that stops or slows down cell division, preserving the viability of the cells. At higher concentration (100 μM) a decrease of cell viability was observed by induction of apoptosis. As evidenced, XN induced DNA fragmentation in TPC-...
Source: Food and Chemical Toxicology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Chem Toxicol Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the effect of CUDC-907 on human pancreatic cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Our results showed that CUDC-907 potently inhibited the proliferation of 9 pancreatic cancer cell lines in vitro with IC50 values ranging from 6.7 to 54.5 nM. Furthermore, we revealed the antitumor mechanism of CUDC-907 in Aspc-1, PANC-1, and Capan-1 pancreatic cancer cells: it suppressed the HDAC6 subunit, thus downregulating c-Myc protein levels, which was a mode of action distinct from the existing mechanisms. Consistently, the extraordinary antitumor activity of CUDC-907 accompanied by downregulation of c...
Source: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Acta Pharmacol Sin Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Despite the implementation of IMRT, survivors of NPC still experience many physical symptoms that affect long-term QoL many years after treatment. Depression, anxiety, and fatigue remain common in long-term survivors and are highly correlated with QoL. PMID: 30191868 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Health Physics - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys Source Type: research
We present in vitro evidence that HDACi can enhance the radiosensitivity of human thyroid cancer cells.
Source: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This study demonstrated 77 protein features that were significantly changed in protein expression and revealed evodiamine-induced cytotoxicity in thyroid cancer cells involves dysregulation of protein folding, cytoskeleton, cytoskeleton regulation and transcription control. Our work shows that this combined proteomic strategy provides a rapid method to study the molecular mechanisms of evodiamine-induced cytotoxicity in thyroid cancer cells. The identified targets may be useful for further evaluation as potential targets in thyroid cancer therapy.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
PET scans with the radiotracer F-18 fluorothymidine (FLT) can help determine...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: SNMMI: PET, MRI may predict pediatric brain tumor outcomes FDG-PET/CT beats FLT-PET/CT for differentiated thyroid cancer FLT-PET could help predict outcome in head and neck cancer JNM: FLT-PET aids prognosis of glioma patients FLT-PET helps predicts cancer therapy results
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Authors: Kalimuthu S, Zhu L, Oh JM, Gangadaran P, Lee HW, Baek SH, Rajendran RL, Gopal A, Jeong SY, Lee SW, Lee J, Ahn BC Abstract Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) show therapeutic effects in various types of diseases. MSCs have been shown to migrate towards inflamed or cancerous tissues, and visualized after sacrificing the animal. MSCs are able to deliver drugs to target cells, and are an ideal candidate for cancer therapy. The purpose of this study was to track the migration of MSCs in tumor-bearing mice; MSCs were also used as drug delivery vehicles. Human breast cancer cells (MDA-MB-231) and anaplastic thyroid ca...
Source: International Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Int J Med Sci Source Type: research
This study revealed 178 proteins that showed a significant change in expression levels and also revealed that honokiol-induced cytotoxicity in thyroid cancer cells involves dysregulation of cytoskeleton, protein folding, transcription control and glycolysis.SignificanceOur work shows that combined proteomic strategy provides a rapid method to study the molecular mechanisms of honokiol-induced cytotoxicity in thyroid cancer cells. The identified targets may be useful for further evaluation as potential targets in thyroid cancer therapy.Graphical abstract
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
This article summarizes recent development of molecular imaging in thyroid cancer, which may accelerate the development of personalized thyroid cancer therapy. PMID: 29951528 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
This study revealed 178 proteins that showed a significant change in expression levels and also revealed that honokiol-induced cytotoxicity in thyroid cancer cells involves dysregulation of cytoskeleton, protein folding, transcription control and glycolysis. Significance Our work shows that combined proteomic strategy provides a rapid method to study the molecular mechanisms of honokiol-induced cytotoxicity in thyroid cancer cells. The identified targets may be useful for further evaluation as potential targets in thyroid cancer therapy. Graphical abstract
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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