Leaky gut biomarkers in depression and suicidal behavior - Ohlsson L, Gustafsson A, Lavant E, Suneson K, Brundin L, Westrin A, Ljunggren L, Lindqvist D.

OBJECTIVE: Inflammation is associated with major depressive disorder (MDD) and suicidal behavior. According to the "leaky gut hypothesis", increased intestinal permeability may contribute to this relationship via bacterial translocation across enterocytes....
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

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In conclusion, taller body height at the entry to adulthood, supposed to be a marker of early-life environment, is associated with lower risk of dementia diagnosis later in life. The association persisted when adjusted for educational level and intelligence test scores in young adulthood, suggesting that height is not just acting as an indicator of cognitive reserve. A Comparison of Biological Age Measurement Approaches https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/02/a-comparison-of-biological-age-measurement-approaches/ Researchers here assess the performance of a range of approaches to measuring biological...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
This study indicated that the application of 6:2 FTSA can lead to the occurrence of PFCAs (C2-C7) in plants. PMID: 31200206 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Environmental Pollution - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Pollut Source Type: research
Conclusion: ROS promote CD8+ T cell activation by facilitating autoantigen cross-presentation by DCs. ROS scavengers could potentially represent an important component of therapies aiming to disrupt autoantigen presentation and activation of CD8+ T cells in individuals at-risk for developing T1D. In Type 1 Diabetes (T1D), pancreatic β cells are attacked by a T cell mediated autoimmune response and lose their ability to produce insulin (1–3). While a number of immune cell subsets are involved throughout the development of T1D, cytotoxic CD8+ T cells (CTLs) function as primary effectors of β cell damag...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This study establishes RstAB as a major regulator of virulence and diverse cellular functions in P. damselae subsp. damselae. Introduction Two-component signal transduction systems enable bacteria to sense environmental stimuli and transfer this information across the cytoplasmic membrane to the cytoplasm (Stock et al., 2000). Such systems consist of a membrane-embedded protein kinase which acts as a sensory component, and its cognate response regulator, a cytoplasmic transcriptional factor. When the sensory component of the pair is stimulated by a specific signal, it autophosphorylates a histidine residue and then...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Zoe M. Tapp, Jonathan P. Godbout and Olga N. Kokiko-Cochran* Department of Neuroscience, Institute for Behavioral Medicine Research, College of Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, United States Each year approximately 1.7 million people sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the US alone. Associated with these head injuries is a high prevalence of neuropsychiatric symptoms including irritability, depression, and anxiety. Neuroinflammation, due in part to microglia, can worsen or even cause neuropsychiatric disorders after TBI. For example, mounting evidence demonstrates that microglia become &ld...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study, a link between mitochondrial changes and infant temperament has also been suggested. Maternal psychosocial stress and lifetime trauma have been associated with decreased mitochondrial DNA copy number in the placenta (115, 116).IndividualityChronic stress links changes in the epigenetic landscape with health conditions (117). Different cell types are characterized by distinct patterns of gene expression due to developmental, environmental, physiological, and pathological reasons (117). Epigenetic mechanisms affect gene function in a dynamic way as a result of different environmental exposures during fetal dev...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study was initiated to identify C. jejuni proteins that contribute to adaptation to the host cell environment and cellular invasion. We demonstrated that C. jejuni responds to INT 407 and Caco-2 cells in a similar fashion at the cellular and molecular levels. Active protein synthesis was found to be required for C. jejuni to maximally invade these host cells. Proteomic and transcriptomic approaches were then used to define the protein and gene expression profiles of C. jejuni co-cultured with cells. By focusing on those genes showing increased expression by C. jejuni when co-cultured with epithelial cells, we discover...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, osmotic burst of inflated complement-damaged cells may occur, but these bursts are most likely a consequence of metabolic collapse of the cell rather than the cause of cell death. The Complement Cell Death Mediator: A Concerted Action of Toxic Moieties Membrane pores caused by complement were first visualized by electron microscopy on red blood cell membranes as large ring structures (22). Similar lesions were viewed on E. coli cell walls (23). Over the years, ample information on the fine ultrastructure of the MAC that can activate cell death has been gathered (24) and has been recently further examined (...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Despite the fact thatSaccharomyces cerevisiae has suicide tendencies since its product affects cell function, it is a key player in alcoholic fermentation. The presence of ethanol in the medium affects membrane integrity and fluidity, as well as the rate of ethanol production. The Msn2/4p transcription factors are key regulators in stress response and play a critical role in cell response to ethanol challenge. Protein kinase A (tpk1/2/3) is controlling the activation/inactivation of a multitude of proteins through phosphorylation at specific serine residues. Targets of Protein Kinase A (PKA) are also msn2/4 and phosphoryla...
Source: Biotechnology Progress - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
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Source: Biotechnology Progress - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
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