Health Tip: Exercise to Counteract Stress and Anxiety

Title: Health Tip: Exercise to Counteract Stress and AnxietyCategory: Health NewsCreated: 10/25/2018 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 10/25/2018 12:00:00 AM
Source: MedicineNet Exercise and Fitness General - Category: Podiatry Source Type: news

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Adults with sickle cell disease (SCD) have episodic crisis pain and chronic pain. Little is known about SCD chronic pain phenotypes. Quantitative sensory testing (QST) identifies the objective contribution of allodynia and hyperalgesia to chronic SCD pain phenotypes. However, self-report measures are needed to further characterize SCD chronic pain phenotypes. Our aim was to determine associations among QST-determined sensitization and anxiety, depression, and fatigue among outpatients with SCD. In a cross-sectional study, subjects (N=186, mean age 36.6 ± 11.7 years [19-74 years], 97% African American, 59% female; SC...
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
Although hypervigilance may play an important role in clinical pain syndromes, experimental vigilance toward pain is infrequently studied. We studied experimental vigilance to pain by assessing performance during a Continuous Performance Task (CPT), presented in four blocks, in which subjects respond to moderately painful targets occurring in a train of mildly painful nontargets. We assessed detected targets (hits), non-detected targets (misses), reaction times (RTs), and psychological activation (tense arousal).
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
Music has been shown to decrease pain and modulate affect, but the mechanism by which music conveys analgesia in relatively unexplored . Using quantitative sensory testing (QST), we assessed the impact of a novel app-based music intervention on the nociceptive processing of pain. Healthy volunteers (n=60) were assessed for psychosocial traits including anxiety, depression, and catastrophizing using validated questionnaires. QST included investigation of: 1) pain sensitivity as measured by pressure pain threshold and tolerance using a handheld algometer, as well as reported pain to weighted pinprick stimuli, 2) temporal sum...
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Tags: Treatment Approaches (Complementary & Alternative) (with CE) Source Type: research
Treating chronic low back pain (CLBP) with spine-focused interventions is common, potentially dangerous, and often ineffective. We posit that CLBP in older adults is a geriatric syndrome – a final common pathway for the expression of multiple contributors. We have published evidence and expert consensus-based algorithms to guide evaluation and treatment of key biopsychosocial CLBP contributors in older adults – hip osteoarthritis, myofascial pain, fibromyalgia, sacroiliac joint syndrome, lumbar spinal stenosis, leg length inequality, lateral hip/thigh pain, anxiety, depression, insomnia, and maladaptive coping....
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) measures are reliable, brief instruments to measure patient health. The PROMIS pediatric anxiety short form assesses anxiety symptoms; however, its ability to capture a clinically meaningful understanding of anxiety is unknown. Within pediatric chronic pain, anxiety is generally assessed by legacy measures examining anxiety symptoms specific to pain [e.g., Pain Catastrophizing Scale for Children, (PCS-C)] or broadly [The Screen for Child Related Anxiety Disorders, (SCARED)], which have been shown to predict pain-related outcomes.
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
Functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPD) are common pediatric pain conditions that often present with co-occurring anxiety, which is associated with adverse outcomes including increased pain, disability, and somatization. Parents of children with abdominal pain report higher levels of anxiety than parents of children without abdominal pain disorders. In addition, measures of child anxiety (e.g., anxiety sensitivity) in youth with pain conditions are related to somatization and other adverse outcome.
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
Experimental pain research often requires research participants to complete multiple study visits. Variability in the  time difference between study visits may be a factor that should be controlled for in pain research. We aim to investigate the question of how variation in the time interval between two study visits affects pain ratings and whether anxiety or pain catastrophizing moderate this effect. During the first visit (V1), participants rated pain intensity (visual analog scale) after each noxious heat stimulus in a series (7 stimuli of 48°C, 10 seconds each).
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
Intensive interdisciplinary pain rehabilitation programs (IIPRP) are typically recommended for youth with chronic pain conditions who do not respond to outpatient pain clinic treatment. A growing body of literature has shown that IIPRP are associated with improvements in functioning, pain, and distress. However, little is known about treatment mechanisms for IIPRP. A few studies have documented improvements in physical functioning within IIPRP, but how these improvements contribute to other areas of functioning remains unexplored.
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
Hormonal changes have been implicated in the phenomenon of pain modulation during pregnancy. The role of psychosocial constructs such as fear and anxiety related to pain during pregnancy, however, has largely been overlooked. The current study investigated the cross-sectional associations between the report of pain-related fear among pregnant and non-pregnant female participants. The study consisted of three different convenience samples: pregnant females (N=1171; age: M=28.61, SD=5.3), non-pregnant female undergraduate students (N=274; age M=19.81, SD=3.9), and non-pregnant female patients (N=212) diagnosed with chronic p...
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
Pediatric functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPD) are associated with increased rates of anxiety in affected youth and in their parents and child anxiety has been shown to adversely impact response to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for pain. Novel CBT approaches targeting both pain and anxiety have demonstrated effectiveness in reducing symptoms in youth with FAPD (i.e., Aim to Decrease Anxiety in Pain Treatment [ADAPT]), though it is unknown how parental anxiety may impact treatment response.
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
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